|At the time of the Swedish accession to the Ottawa Convention, a number of new laws, all of which came into force at the 1 of May 1999, were adopted in Sweden.
In order to secure compliance, the Convention has laid down a system of facilitation and clarification of compliance with gradually escalating measures, including the ultimate authorisation of a fact-finding mission which will gather information on the site in the state in question (art.8). Sweden therefore adopted a new act on inspection carried out under the Convention (SFS 1998:1705). The act contains the necessary rules for ensuring that a fact-finding mission can be fully carried out on Swedish territory, such as rules on admission to areas and facilities and assistance by the police. Such a fact-finding mission is ensured privileges and immunity by means of an amendment (SFS 1998:1704) to the Act (1976:661) on Immunity and Privileges in Certain Cases. A supplementary Ordinance of inspections,whose provisions include rules defining the competent national authorities, is scheduled to come into force towards the end of 1999.
Under the Ottawa Convention, the State Parties undertake to take all apporopriate legal and other measures, including the imposition of penal sanctions, to prevent and supress activities prohibited under the Convention. Since the Convention provides for a total ban on antipersonnel mines, Sweden introduced a new criminal offence in the Penal code, Ch.22 sec.6 b (SFS 1998:1703), Unlawful Dealing with Mines. The provision defines all activities prohibited under the Convention as a criminal act, unless the act is not considered a crime under international law. The offence can be punished by up to four years' imprisonment or, if the crime is gross, ten years' or life imprisonment.