CONVENTION ON THE PROHIBITION OF THE USE, STOCKPILING, PRODUCTION AND TRANSFER OF
ANTI-PERSONNEL MINES AND ON THEIR DESTRUCTION

Reporting Formats for Article 7


STATE [Party/Signatory]: Sweden
Date of Submission: 29 October 1999


Form A National implementation measures

Article 7.1 "Each State Party shall report to the Secretary-General ... on:
a) The national implementation measures referred to in Article 9."

Remark: In accordance with Article 9, "Each State Party shall take all appropriate legal, administrative and other measures, including the imposition of penal sanctions, to prevent and suppress any activity prohibited to a State Party under this Convention undertaken by persons or on territory under its jurisdiction or control".


State [Party]: Sweden reporting for time period from 1 May 1999 to 30 September 1999

Measures
Supplementary information (e.g., effective date of implementation & text of legislation attached).
At the time of the Swedish accession to the Ottawa Convention, a number of new laws, all of which came into force at the 1 of May 1999, were adopted in Sweden.

In order to secure compliance, the Convention has laid down a system of facilitation and clarification of compliance with gradually escalating measures, including the ultimate authorisation of a fact-finding mission which will gather information on the site in the state in question (art.8). Sweden therefore adopted a new act on inspection carried out under the Convention (SFS 1998:1705). The act contains the necessary rules for ensuring that a fact-finding mission can be fully carried out on Swedish territory, such as rules on admission to areas and facilities and assistance by the police. Such a fact-finding mission is ensured privileges and immunity by means of an amendment (SFS 1998:1704) to the Act (1976:661) on Immunity and Privileges in Certain Cases. A supplementary Ordinance of inspections,whose provisions include rules defining the competent national authorities, is scheduled to come into force towards the end of 1999.

Under the Ottawa Convention, the State Parties undertake to take all apporopriate legal and other measures, including the imposition of penal sanctions, to prevent and supress activities prohibited under the Convention. Since the Convention provides for a total ban on antipersonnel mines, Sweden introduced a new criminal offence in the Penal code, Ch.22 sec.6 b (SFS 1998:1703), Unlawful Dealing with Mines. The provision defines all activities prohibited under the Convention as a criminal act, unless the act is not considered a crime under international law. The offence can be punished by up to four years' imprisonment or, if the crime is gross, ten years' or life imprisonment.


Form B Stockpiled anti-personnel mines

Article 7. 1 "Each State Party shall report to the Secretary-General ... on:
b) The total of all stockpiled anti-personnel mines owned or possessed by it, or under its jurisdiction or control, to include a breakdown of the type, quantity and, if possible, lot numbers of each type of anti-personnel mine stockpiled."


State [Party]: Sweden reporting for time period from 1 May 1999 to 30 September 1999

Type
Quantity
Lot # (if possible)
Supplementary information
Anti-personnel mine 9
2,001
M4731-800011
Anti-personnel mine 10
1,198,934
M4731-320101
Anti-personnel mine 11
121,000
M4731-210111
Contact land mine 41
199,810
M4731-310001
Contact land mine 49 B
43,236
M4731-310022
Anti-personnel mine 43 T
41,141
M4731-110002
Fragmentation mine 48
10,717
M4731-130001
Blast mine 43 8cm
217
M4731-120101
Blast mine 43 T 8cm
12,666
M4731-120102
Blast mine 43 T 10cm
35,917
M4731-120201
TOTAL
1,666,639

Form C Location of mined areas

Article 7.1 "Each State Party shall report to the Secretary-General ... on:
c) To the extent possible, the location of all mined areas that contain, or are suspected to contain, anti-personnel mines under its jurisdiction or control, to include as much detail as possible regarding the type and quantity of each type of anti-personnel mine in each mined area and when they were emplaced."


State [Party]: Sweden reporting for time period from 1 May 1999 to 30 September 1999


1. Areas that contain mines


Location
Type
Quantity
Date of emplacement
Supplementary information
There are no mined areas in Sweden.

2. Areas suspected to contain mines


Location
Type
Quantity
Date of emplacement
Supplementary information
There are no areas suspected of being mined in Sweden

Form D APMs retained or transferred

Article 7.1 "Each State Party shall report to the Secretary-General ... on:
d) The types, quantities and, if possible, lot numbers of all anti-personnel mines retained or transferred for the development of and training in mine detection, mine clearance or mine destruction techniques, or transferred for the purpose of destruction, as well as the institutions authorized by a State Party to retain or transfer anti-personnel mines, in accordance with Article 3"

State [Party]: Sweden reporting for time period from 1 May 1999 to 30 September 1999



1. Retained for development of and training in (Article 3, para.1)

Sweden took a unilateral decision in 1996 to destroy its stocks of anti-personnel mines before the end of 2001, i.e. well before the deadline imposed by the Convention. This process is under way. At this time, however, the number of mines not yet destroyed far exceeds any assessments of how many mines will be needed to be retained for art.3 purposes at the end of the mandated destruction period. For the time being, therefore, live anti-personnel mines from existing stocks slated to be destroyed are being used in mechanical mine clearance trials currently in progress for the purposes of developing techniques and equipment for mine detection, clearance and destruction. The ongoing trials, in addition to contributing to diminishing existing stocks, will allow for a practical assessment of the numbers and types needed to be retained when existing stocks will have been depleted at the end of the destruction period. It is also assumed that a few foreign-made mines will need to be obtained for art.3 purposes.


Institution authorized by State Party
Type
Quantity
Lot # (if possible)
Supplementary information
Swedish Armed Forces
TOTAL-----------------------------------

2. Transferred for development of and training in (Article 3, para.1)

No mines have been left in Sweden for these purposes.

Institution authorized by State Party
Type
Quantity
Lot # (if possible)
Supplementary information
e.g. transferred from, transferred to
TOTAL-----------------------------------

3. Transferred for the purpose of destruction (Article 3, para.2)

All mines are destroyed in Sweden.

Institution authorized by State Party
Type
Quantity
Lot # (if possible)
Supplementary information
e.g. transferred from, transferred to
TOTAL-----------------------------------

Form E Status of programs for conversion or de-commissioning of APM production facilities

Article 7.1 "Each State Party shall report to the Secretary-General ... on:
e) The status of programs for the conversion or de-commissioning of anti-personnel mine production facilities."


State [Party]: Sweden reporting for time period from 1 May 1999 to 30 September 1999

Since Sweden has not procured any anti-personnel mines for a long time and the Swedish industrial sector has not exported any, there are no facilities for this purpose.


Indicate if to "convert" or "decommission"
Status (indicate if "in process" or "completed")
Supplementary information

Form F Status of programs for destruction of APMs

Article 7.1 "Each State Party shall report to the Secretary-General ... on:
f) The status of programs for the destruction of anti-personnel mines in accordance with Articles 4 and 5, including details of the methods which will be used in destruction, the location of all destruction sites and the applicable safety and environmental standards to be observed."


State [Party]: Sweden reporting for time period from 1 May 1999 to 30 September 1999



1. Status of programs for destruction of stockpiled APMs (Article 4)


Description of the status of programs including:Details of:
Location of destruction sites
NAMMO/LIAB AB, VingÄker and LindesbergMethods: Industrial phase-out by dismantling.90% of explosive substances recovered.
Applicable safety standards: NAMMO/LIAB AB applies the US Department of Defence/DoD/ Contractors Safety Manual for Ammunition and Explosives.
Applicable environmental standards: The requirement is that at least 90% of explosive substances be recovered. Burning of waste is carried out in accordance with EU directives.


2. Status of programs for destruction of APMs in mined areas (Article 5)

Sweden has no mines areas, see Form C.

Description of the status of programs including:Details of:
Location of destruction sites
Methods
Applicable safety standards
Applicable environmental standards



Form G APMs destroyed after entry into force

Article 7.1 "Each State Party shall report to the Secretary-General ... on:
g) The types and quantities of all anti-personnel mines destroyed after the entry into force of this Convention for that State Party, to include a breakdown of the quantity of each type of anti-personnel mine destroyed, in accordance with Articles 4 and 5, respectively, along with, if possible, the lot numbers of each type anti-personnel mine in the case of destruction in accordance with Article 4"


State [Party]: Sweden reporting for time period from 1 May 1999 to 30 September 1999



1. Destruction of stockpiled APMs (Article 4)


Type
Quantity
Lot # (if possible)
Supplementary information
Anti-personnel mine 9
400
M4731-800011
Anti-personnel mine 10
523,550
M4731-320101
Anti-personnel mine 11
0
M4731-210111
Contact land mine 41
86,000
M4731-310001
Contact land mine 49 B
80,000
M4731-310022
Anti-personnel mine 43 T
0
M4731-110002
Fragmentation mine 48
0
M4731-130001
Blast mine 43 8cm
0
M4731-120101
Blast mine 43 T 8cm
1,091
M4731-120102
Blast mine 43 T 10cm
1,589
M4731-120201
TOTAL
692,630

2. Destruction of APMs in mined areas (Article 5)

Sweden has no mined areas, see form C.

Type
Quantity
Supplementary information
TOTAL

Form H Technical characteristics of each type produced/owned or possessed

Article 7.1 "Each State Party shall report to the Secretary-General ... on:
h) The technical characteristics of each type of anti-personnel mine produced, to the extent known, and those currently owned or possessed by a State Party, giving, where reasonably possible, such categories of information as may facilitate identification and clearance of anti-personnel mines; at a minimum, this information shall include the dimensions, fusing, explosive content, metallic content, colour photographs and other information which may facilitate mine clearance"


State [Party]: Sweden reporting for time period from 1 May 1999 to 30 September 1999



1. Technical characteristics of each APM-type produced


Type
Dimensions
Fusing
Explosive
content
Metallic
content
Colour photo attached
Supplementary information to facilitate mine clearance.
type
grams
Anti-personnel mine 9L 188 D 37Pressure/trip wirePlastic expl.125600-
Anti-personnel mine 10H 30 D 80PressureTNT1200.14Yes
Anti-personnel mine 11H 190 D 100Trip wireTNT5003,000Yes
Contact land mine 41L200 W80 H50PressureTNT15050Yes
Contact land mine 49 B*H 55 D 75PressureTNT18012Yes
Anti-personnel mine 43 TH 230 D 110Trip wireTNT800100Yes
Fragmentation mine 48H 180 D 90Trip wireTNT5002,000Yes
Blast mine 43 8cmH 220 D 80Trip wireNitrolite4002,000-
Blast mine 43 T 8cmH 220 D 80Trip wireTNT5501,950Yes
Blast mine 43 T 10cmH 400 D 100Trip wireTNT1,5009,000-
* Anti-personnel mine 49 A had an equivalent ignitor which was eliminated a long time ago.

2. Technical characteristics of each APM-type currently owned or possessed

See table under H1.

Type
Dimensions
Fusing
Explosive
content
Metallic
content
Colour photo attached
Supplementary information to facilitate mine clearance.
type
grams

Form I Measures to provide warning to the population

Article 7.1 "Each State Party shall report to the Secretary-General ... on:
i) The measures taken to provide an immediate and effective warning to the population in relation to all areas identified under paragraph 2 of Article 5."

Remark: In accordance with Article 5, para.2: "Each State Party shall make every effort to identify all areas under its jurisdiction or control in which anti-personnel mines are known or suspected to be emplaced and shall ensure as soon as possible that all anti-personnel mines in mined areas under its jurisdiction or control are perimeter-marked, monitored and protected by fencing or other means, to ensure the effective exclusion of civilians, until all anti-personnel mines contained therein have been destroyed. The marking shall at least be to the standards set out in the Protocol on Prohibitions or Restrictions on the Use of Mines, Booby-Traps and Other Devices, as amended on 3 May 1996, annexed to the Convention on Prohibitions or Restrictions on the Use of Certain Conventional Weapons Which May Be Deemed to Be Excessively Injurious or to Have Indiscriminate Effects".

State [Party]: Sweden reporting for time period from 1 May 1999 to 30 September 1999

No measures since there are no mined areas in Sweden, see Form C.


Other information:

In the Armed Forces the majority of all engineering officers, military jurists specialising in international law, and some schools as well as the National Defence College have received instructions in CCW, Protocol II as revised, and the Ottawa Convention. Work is in progress to revise the regulations etc., primarily in line with the Ottawa Convention but also some details of CCW, Protocol II as revised.