Since March 2011, Syria has been in the throes of a conflict that has forced more than half of all Syrians to leave their homes. An estimated 5 million Syrians have fled the country and more than 6 million are internally displaced. The crisis, described as the worst humanitarian disaster of our time with more than 13 million people in need of assistance, has caused untold suffering for Syrian men, women and children.
As mandated by Security Council Resolution 2254 (2015), the talks focus on governance, a schedule and process to draft a new constitution and the holding of elections as the basis for a Syrian-led, Syrian-owned process to end the conflict. Discussions include counter-terrorism strategies.
In parallel, parties were convened in Ankara, Turkey in December 2016, by Russia, Turkey and Iran, agreed to a nationwide ceasefire that began on 30 December 2016. Between January and May 2017, parties attended Astana talks in Kazakhstan. These talks, convened by the three guarantors: Russia, Turkey and Iran, resulted in an agreement to create four "de-escalation zones" in Syria.
For all the key dates of the Syrian peace process, click here