In 2016, the Fifth Review Conference of the High Contracting Parties to the Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons (CCW) established an open-ended Group of Governmental Experts (GGE) on emerging technologies in the area of lethal autonomous weapons systems (LAWS). The GEE held its first meeting from 13 to 17 November 2017 in Geneva.
At their 2018 Meeting, the High Contracting Parties to the CCW agreed that the GGE on LAWS shall meet again in 2019 for a duration of seven days in Geneva. The first part of the session of the GGE on LAWS in 2019 took place from 25 to 29 March. The second part of the session will take place from 20 to 21 August 2019.
As decided by the High Contracting Parties to the CCW at their 2018 Meeting, the Group is chaired by Mr. Ljupčo Jivan Gjorgjinski, Minister Counsellor, Chargé d’affaires a.i. of North Macedonia.
CCW/GGE.1/2019/3 - Report of the 2019 session of the Group of Governmental Experts on emerging technologies in the area of lethal autonomous weapons systems
CCW/GGE.1/2019/1 - Provisional agenda submitted by the Chairperson
Chairperson's letter on the Provisional Agenda
CCW/GGE.1/2019/2 - Provisional Programme of Work submitted by the Chairperson
Chairperson's letter on the Provisional Programme of Work
Provisional List of Participants
Agenda, as adopted
Programme of work, as adopted
CCW/GGE.1/2019/3/Add.1 - Chair's summary
Registration of participants
Working Papers for the first meeting of the GGE on LAWS (25 - 29 March 2019)
CCW/GGE.1/2019/WP.1 - Potential opportunities and limitations of military uses of lethal autonomous weapons systems. Submitted by the Russian Federation. (Courtesy translation in English on page 4)
CCW/GGE.1/2019/WP.2 - Australia's System of Control and Applications for Autonomous Weapon Systems. Submitted by Australia. The Working Paper is submitted alongside Australia's 2018 Working Paper.
CCW/GGE.1/2019/WP.3 - Possible outcome of 2019 GGE and future actions of international community on LAWS. Submitted by Japan
CCW/GGE.1/2019/WP.4 - Food for Thought Paper. Submitted by Belgium, Ireland and Luxembourg - Advance version
CCW/GGE.1/2019/WP.5 - Implementing International Humanitarian Law in the Use of Autonomy in Weapon Systems. Submitted by the United States (Advance version)
CCW/GGE.1/2019/WP.6 - Questionnaire on the Legal Review Mechanisms of New Weapons, Means and Methods of Warfare. Submitted by Argentina
Working Papers for the second meeting of the GGE on LAWS (20 - 21 August 2019)
CCW/GGE.1/2019/WP.7 - Autonomy, artificial intelligence and robotics: Technical aspects of human control. Submitted by the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC)
Contributions from non-governmental actors
- ICT4 Peace Foundation, Regina Surber, Scientific Advisor - Artificial Intelligence: Autonomous Technology (AT), Lethal Autonomous Weapons Systems (LAWS) and Peace Time Threats
- ICT4 Peace Foundation - Digital Human Security 2020
- EXEDEC International, Caitríona Heinl - Maturing Autonomous Cyber Weapons Systems: Implications for International Security Cyber and Autonomous Weapons Systems Regimes
- The Canberra Working Group - Guiding Principles for the Development and Use of LAWS Version 1.0
For updates, please check this page and follow us on twitter @CCW_UNODA.
Who can participate in a CCW GGE? The CCW GGE on LAWS is not the same as a GGE established under the General Assembly. The GGE on LAWS is open to all High Contracting Parties and States non-parties (which may participate as observers) of the CCW, international organizations and non-governmental organizations, as per the CCW Rules of Procedure.
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