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Background on Lethal Autonomous Weapons Systems in the CCW

CCW_LAWSAnnouncement

In 2013, the CCW Meeting of State Parties decided that the Chairperson will convene in 2014 an informal Meeting of Experts to discuss the questions related to emerging technologies in the area of lethal autonomous weapons systems (LAWS).

The first informal Meeting of Experts was held in 2014 and chaired by Ambassador Simon-Michel.

A further two informal Meetings of Experts were held in 2015 and 2016 and chaired by Ambassador Michael Biontino of Germany.

The final reports of the CCW informal Meetings of Experts on LAWS are available at the following links:

CCW/MSP/2014/3 - 2014 Report of the Informal Meeting of Experts

CCW/MSP/2015/3 - 2015 Report of the Informal Meeting of Experts

CCW/CONF.V/2 - 2016 Report and recommendations of the Informal Meeting of Experts

At the 2016 Fifth CCW Review Conference, presided over by Ambassador Tehmina Janjua of Pakistan, High Contracting Parties decided to establish a Group of Governmental Experts (GGE) on LAWS to meet in 2017 with a mandate to assess questions related to emerging technologies in the area of lethal autonomous weapons systems. The GGE will be chaired by Ambassador Amandeep Singh Gill of India.

Relevant publications

UN Institute for Disarmament Research (UNIDIR)

The Weaponization of Increasingly Autonomous Technologies: Concerns, Characteristics and Definitional Approaches, 2017

Safety, Unintentional Risk and Accidents in the Weaponization of Increasingly Autonomous Technologies, 2016

The Weaponization of Increasingly Autonomous Technologies in the Maritime Environment: Testing the Waters, 2015

The Weaponization of Increasingly Autonomous Technologies: Considering Ethics and Social Values, 2015

The Weaponization of Increasingly Autonomous Technologies: Considering how Meaningful Human Control might move the discussion forward, 2014

Framing Discussions on the Weaponization of Increasingly Autonomous Technologies, 2014

Office of the Human Rights Commissioner
Report of the Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial summary or arbitrary executions, United Nations Human Rights Council, 2013

International Committee of the Red Cross


Autonomous Weapon Systems: Implications of Increasing Autonomy in the Critical Functions of Weapons

International Review of the Red Cross

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