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Intra-Syrian talks - Key dates of the peace process




23 - 31 March 2017 - The fifth round of intra-Syrian talks takes place in Geneva, under the aegis of the United Nations. During this round, all parties worked on the four baskets endorsed by Geneva communiqué and Resolution 2254.

14-15 March 2017 - The third round of Astana talks takes place in Kazakhstan. As a result of these talks, Iran joined Turkey and Russia as a guarantor state.

23 February - 3 March 2017 - The fourth round of intra-Syrian talks takes place in Geneva, under the aegis of the United Nations. After eight days of talks, all parties agreed on an agenda endorsed by Resolution 2254 for the next round of talks. The next round of talks is scheduled to be convened on 23 March 2017 in Geneva.

23 – 25 January 2017 – The Syrian government delegation and opposition rebel groups attend a meeting sponsored by Russia, Turkey and Iran in Astana, Kazakhstan. The UN's Special Envoy for Syria also attends. Discussions end with an agreement among the three sponsors of the talks to set up a trilateral monitoring body to enforce the 30 December ceasefire, preparing for the upcoming intra-Syrian negotiations convened by the UN in Geneva on 23 February 2017.

31 December 2016 – The UN Security Council unanimously adopts resolution 2336 in support of efforts by Russia and Turkey to end the violence in Syria.

30 December 2016 – A nationwide Syrian ceasefire agreed between Turkey, Russia, the Syrian government and opposition rebel groups begins.

28 December 2016 – Turkey and Russia broker a nationwide Syrian ceasefire, due to begin at midnight on 30 December.

13 December 2016 – After four years of fighting, the battle of Aleppo ends. It represents one of the longest sieges in modern warfare and leaves an estimated 31,000 people dead, almost a tenth of estimated overall war casualties.

15 October 2016 – United States Secretary of State John Kerry convenes Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov and seven foreign ministers from the region - from Iran, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Turkey, Qatar, Jordan and Egypt - to Syria talks in Lausanne. Discussions end without reaching an agreement.

3 October 2016 – The United States formally declare the suspension of diplomatic contacts with Russia in view of renewed violences in Syria, marking the end of the ceasefire deal.

12 September 2016 – Beginning of the ceasefire between the Syrian government and opposition rebel groups.

9 – 10 September 2016 – Foreign ministers of Russia and the United States reach an agreement on establishing a ceasefire between the Syrian government and a US-supported coalition of opposition rebel groups, including the High Negotiations Committee (HNC).

17 May - Members of the International Syria Support Group meet in Vienna to bolster cessation of hostilities and the delivery of humanitarian aid.

13 – 27 April 2016 – Third round of Intra-Syrian Talks is held in Geneva. At the conclusion of this round, the UN Special Envoy issues a summary setting out an account of developments and the work plan executed by the UN Special Envoy during this period.

April 2016 – The UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian affairs, estimates there are 13.5 million Syrians in need, including 6.6 million internally displaced people and 4.8 million refugees outside the country.

24 March – UN Special Envoy releases a paper on points of commonalities between the Syrian government and opposition, in relation to their respective visions of the future of Syria.

23 March – Jan Egeland, Special Advisor to the UN Special Envoy for Syria, declares that 384,000 people in need of humanitarian assistance have been reached since the beginning of the year via inter-agency convoys in hard-to-reach areas, besieged areas, and other priority cross-line areas.

14 – 24 March 2016 – Second round of Intra-Syrian Talks is held in Geneva. The objective is to bring the two sides to start discussing on how to form a transitional governing body within six months.

4 March – Since the creation of the Humanitarian Access Task Force, 236 trucks have served 115,000 people in besieged and hard-to-reach areas.

1 March 2016 – UN Special Envoy announces the resumption of Intra-Syrian Talks in Geneva on 14 March.

27 February 2016 – Beginning of the cessation of hostilities in Syria.

26 February 2016 – UN Security Council unanimously adopts Resolution 2268 endorsing the Syria Cessation of Hostilities Accord.

22 February – In Munich, foreign ministers of Russia and the United States, as co-chairs of the ISSG, conclude an accord to seek a nationwide cessation of hostilities in Syria to begin a week later.

12 February 2016 – In Munich, the ISSG agrees to create two Task Forces to guarantee humanitarian access to besieged areas and a nationwide cessation of hostilities. These task forces are under the auspices of UN and co-chaired by Russia and the United States.

3 February 2016 – UN Special Envoy for Syria suspends Intra-Syrian Talks because of the continuing violence and lack of humanitarian relief on the ground.

1 February 2016 – UN Special Envoy for Syria announces the formal start of the Intra-Syrian Talks.

18 December 2015 – UN Security Council unanimously adopts Resolution 2254 endorsing the International Syria Support Group’s (ISSG) transitional plan setting out a timetable for formal talks and a unity government within six months. The Resolution endorses the 30 June 2012 Geneva Communiqué, and the “Vienna Statements” in pursuit of the Communiqué’s implementation as the basis for a Syrian-led, Syrian-owned political transition to end the conflict and. It also puts UN Special Envoy Staffan de Mistura in charge of organizing Intra-Syrian Talks in Geneva.

14 November 2015 – The Vienna peace talks participants (ISSG, 20 powers and international organizations co-chaired by US and Russia) produce an agreement on the need to convene Syrian government and opposition representatives in formal negotiations under UN auspices with a target date of 1 January 2016.

30 October 2015 – Syria peace talks are held in Vienna with foreign ministers of 20 countries. They agree on the need for the Syrian government and opposition to start political talks.

May – July 2015 – Following UN Secretary General’ statement in Kuwait City, the Special Envoy for Syria, Staffan de Mistura, organizes the Geneva Consultations during which he holds 232 meetings with various stakeholders, including the Syrian Government, the Syrian opposition groups, the Syrian Women Board and 39 Syrian political and civil society groups. These inclusive consultations are aimed at bringing a political solution to the ongoing crisis.

April 2015 – The UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian affairs, estimates there are 12.2 million Syrians in need, including 7.6 million internally displaced people and 4 million refugees outside the country.

31 March 2015 – In Kuwait City, at the Humanitarian Pledging Conference for Syria, UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon admits his shame, deep anger and frustration at the international community’s impotence to stop the war. He urges “to forge an inclusive, Syrian-led political transition based on the Geneva Communique and which meets the aspirations of the Syrian people.” Read statement here.

10 July 2014 – UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon appoints Staffan de Mistura as his new Special Envoy for Syria.

31 May 2014 – Lakhdar Brahimi resigns, citing the impossibility to forge a coherent international response to the Syrian conflict.

April 2014 The UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian affairs, estimates there are 9.3 million Syrians in need, including 6.5 million internally displaced people and 2.6 million refugees outside the country.

22 – 31 January 2014 – Geneva II conference takes place in Montreux and Geneva. The objectives are to bring the Syrian government and opposition together to discuss how to implement the Geneva Communiqué. Unfortunately no agreement is reached.

April 2013 – The UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian affairs, estimates there are 6.8 million Syrians in need, including 4.2 million internally displaced people and one million refugees outside the country.

17 August 2012 – UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon appoints Lakhdar Brahimi as the new UN–Arab League Special Representative for Syria.

2 August 2012 – Kofi Annan resigns citing lack of “serious, purposeful and united international pressure, including from the powers of the region […] to compel the Syrian government in the first place, and also the opposition, to take the steps necessary to begin a political process.”

30 June 2012 – Kofi Annan convenes the Geneva Conference on Syria and chairs the Action Group for Syria that drafted the Geneva Communiqué, based on the six-point Peace Plan for Syria.

21 April 2012 – United Nations Security Council Resolution 2043 was unanimously adopted. The resolution resulted in the setting up of the United Nations Supervision Mission in Syria (UNSMIS), consisting of 278 military observers and 121 civilian staff, to observe the implementation of the six-point peace plan for Syria. The UNSMIS mandate came to an end at midnight on 19 August 2012.

14 April 2012 – United Nations Security Council Resolution 2042 is unanimously adopted, authorizing the dispatch of an advance team of up to 30 unarmed military observers to Syria to monitor compliance with the ceasefire agreement.

5 April 2012 – Kofi Annan tells the UN General Assembly that the ceasefire deadline for the Syrian government would be on Tuesday 10 April, and for the opposition forces on 12 April. Mr Annan also announces that if the ceasefire is successful, an unarmed U.N. monitoring mission could be brought into Syria.

April 2012 – The UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian affairs, estimates there is more than one million Syrians in need, including 22,000 refugees outside the country.

16 March 2012 – Launch of the Kofi Annan six-point Peace Plan for Syria intended to commit both the Syrian government and opposition forces to a ceasefire. Syrian President Bashar al-Assad accepts the six-point peace plan on 27 March.

23 February 2012 – UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon appoints former U.N. Secretary General Kofi Annan as Joint UN-Arab League Special Envoy for Syria.

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