Participating in the CBMs
The first step is to obtain the blank forms in the official language you wish to use:
Blank CBM Forms (extracted from BWC/CONF.VI/INF.3)
How to complete the forms
Completing the CBM forms can be a lengthy and difficult exercise, especially the first time it is done. Collecting the necessary information typically requires contacting several different government ministries and agencies. In larger countries, the necessary information may be held at state or provincial rather than federal level, further complicating the task. Each country's system of government is different, so we can only offer general guidance and suggestions here. There are three golden rules to bear in mind:
- Start early: it will take time. To meet the 15 April deadline, you will need to contact the relevant agencies and start collecting information in January at the latest.
- Use information that has already been collected: some of the information required in the CBMs may also be required for other purposes, such as reports to the WHO or those mandated by Security Council Resolution 1540.
- Be clear: if there is nothing to declare for a particular measure, say so - don't just leave the form for that measure blank. Similarly, if you have incomplete information, or are waiting for information that will be provided later, say so on the form. Remember that the purpose of the CBMs is to increase transparency: incomplete information is better than none.
Following are some informal suggestions for completing each of the measures:
CBM A: Part 1: Exchange of data on research centres and laboratories
CBM A: Part 2: Exchange of information on national biological defence research and development programmes
The ministry of defence will in almost all cases be responsible for any biological defence programmes, if they exist. The form requires quite detailed information, and the ministry will probably need considerable time to provide it.
CBM B: Exchange of information on outbreaks of infectious diseases and similar occurrences caused by toxins
This measure requires information on outbreaks of disease "that seem to deviate from the normal pattern". The form contains additional information on how to determine whether an outbreak meets this rather vague criterion. The ministry of health will in most cases be the source of information for diseases affecting humans, while the ministry of agriculture or equivalent agency will have data on outbreaks affecting animals and plants. For human diseases, the ministry of health may already have submitted a report or reports to the WHO
, and this will become increasingly common when the WHO's revised International Health Regulations (IHR)
enter into force in 1997. Similarly, the ministry of agriculture may report to the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE)
or to the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO)
on animal and plant disease outbreaks, respectively.
Note that although the table in form B (i) lists the years 1988-1992, you should substitute the most recent five years. For example, if you are completing the CBM covering 2005, you should fill in this table for the years 2001-2005.
CBM C : Encouragement of publication of results and promotion of use of knowledge
CBM D: Active promotion of contacts
CBM E: Declaration of legislation, regulations and other measures
CBM F : Declaration of past activities in offensive and/or defensive biological research and development programmes
CBM G: Declaration of vaccine production facilities
Completing the cover sheet
Once you have completed forms A to G, you can fill in the cover sheet. Tick the "nothing to declare" box if you had nothing to declare on that form (and remember: please write "nothing to declare" on the form itself too - don't just leave it blank).
If you have put information in a form, leave both the tick boxes for that form empty.
In subsequent years, if information you have previously put in a form has not changed, tick the "nothing new to declare" for that form (and please write "nothing new to declare" on the form itself).
Submitting the CBM return
We encourage you to submit your CBM return electronically (as a Microsoft Word, RTF or PDF document) to firstname.lastname@example.org
. All e-mail submissions will be ackowledged. If you wish, you may also send a hard copy, under cover of a note verbale from your permanent mission in Geneva, to:
BWC Implementation Support Unit
Office for Disarmament Affairs (Geneva Branch)
Room C.115-117, Palais des Nations
1211 Geneva 10
fax: +41 (0)22 917 04 83
Options for publication
From 2007 onwards, CBM submissions received will be published in the restricted area of this website
(accessible to States Parties only), unless the submitting State Party requests otherwise. Please inform the ISU if you do not
want your CBM published on the secure website. Any CBMs that are not published on the website will be circulated to States Parties on CD-ROM. Some States Parties have opted to make their CBM returns available on the public section of this website. These can be found on the Confidence Building Measures
Missed the deadline?
CBM returns are due by 15 April each year, but don't panic if you are late: you are in good company. Just submit the return as soon as you can. If we receive it too late for inclusion in the main printed edition, it will be issued as an addendum.
If you have problems or questions, please get in touch: we will do our best to help. See the contact page