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Seventh Review Conference

BWC meeting generic

The Seventh Review Conference of the Biological Weapons Convention was held at the United Nations Office in Geneva from 5 to 22 December 2011. The Conference concluded on 22 December 2011 with the adoption of its Final Document.

The Preparatory Committee for the review conference was held in Geneva from 13-15 April 2011.

Ambassador Paul van den IJssel of the Netherlands was President of the Seventh Review Conference and Chairman of the Preparatory Committee.

Communications from the President, updates on his activities and contact details can be found on the President's page.

Final Document of the Seventh Review Conference

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Hide details for Official Documents of the ConferenceOfficial Documents of the Conference

PLEASE NOTE: Different language versions of these documents are being published as the translations are completed. If a link below does not seem to work, it is because that language version of the particular document has not yet been released. Please check the link again soon.

BWC/CONF.VII/1 Provisional agenda

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BWC/CONF.VII/2 Provisional indicative programme of work

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BWC/CONF.VII/3 2011 Report of the Implementation Support Unit

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BWC/CONF.VII/3/Corr.1 2011 Report of the Implementation Support Unit

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BWC/CONF.VII/4 Estimated costs of the intersessional programme of the Convention to be held from 2012-2015

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BWC/CONF.VII/4/Rev.1 Estimated costs of the intersessional programme of the Convention to be held from 2012-2015

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BWC/CONF.VII/5 Report of the Committee of the Whole

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BWC/CONF.VII/6 Report of the Credentials Committee





BWC/CONF.VII/7 Final Document of the Seventh Review Conference

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BWC/CONF.VII/INF.1 History and operation of the confidence-building measures - Background information document submitted by the Implementation Support Unit

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BWC/CONF.VII/INF.2 Compliance by States Parties with their obligations under the Convention - Background information document submitted by the Implementation Support Unit

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BWC/CONF.VII/INF.2/Add.1 Compliance by States Parties with their obligations under the Convention - Background information document submitted by the Implementation Support Unit - Addendum (submissions from States Parties)

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BWC/CONF.VII/INF.3 New scientific and technological developments relevant to the Convention - Background information document submitted by the Implementation Support Unit

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BWC/CONF.VII/INF.3/Add.1 New scientific and technological developments relevant to the Convention - Addendum (submissions from States Parties)

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BWC/CONF.VII/INF.3/Corr.1 New scientific and technological developments relevant to the Convention - Corrigendum

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BWC/CONF.VII/INF.3/Corr.2 New scientific and technological developments relevant to the Convention - Corrigendum

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BWC/CONF.VII/INF.3/Add.2 New scientific and technological developments relevant to the Convention - Addendum (submissions from States Parties)

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BWC/CONF.VII/INF.3/Add.3 New scientific and technological developments relevant to the Convention - Addendum (submissions from States Parties)

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BWC/CONF.VII/INF.4 Developments since the last Review Conference in other international organizations which may be relevant to the Convention - Background information document submitted by the Implementation Support Unit

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BWC/CONF.VII/INF.5 Additional understandings and agreements reached by previous Review Conferences relating to each article of the Convention - Background information document submitted by the Implementation Support Unit

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BWC/CONF.VII/INF.6 Common understandings reached by the Meetings of States Parties during the intersessional programme held from 2007 to 2010 - Background information document submitted by the Implementation Support Unit

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BWC/CONF.VII/INF.7 Status of universalization of the Convention - Background information document submitted by the Implementation Support Unit

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BWC/CONF.VII/INF.8 Implementation of Article X of the Convention - Background information document submitted by the Implementation Support Unit

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BWC/CONF.VII/INF.8/Corr.1 Implementation of Article X of the Convention - Background information document submitted by the Implementation Support Unit - Corrigendum

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BWC/CONF.VII/INF.8/Add.1 Implementation of Article X of the Convention - Background information document submitted by the Implementation Support Unit - Addendum

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BWC/CONF.VII/INF.8/Add.1/Corr.1 Implementation of Article X of the Convention - Background information document submitted by the Implementation Support Unit

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BWC/CONF.VII/INF.9 Statement by the Ministers for Foreign Affairs of the States members of the Collective Security Treaty Organization in connection with the Seventh Review Conference of the States Parties to the Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production and Stockpiling of Bacteriological (Biological) and Toxin Weapons and on Their Destruction - Submitted by Belarus on behalf of the States members of the Collective Security Treaty Organization

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BWC/CONF.VII/INF.11 List of Participants

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BWC/CONF.VII/INF.11/Add.1 List of Participants

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BWC/CONF.VII/CRP.1 Elements for the draft final document - Sumitted by the President

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BWC/CONF.VII/CRP.2 Draft Final Document of the Seventh Review Conference - Submitted by the President

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BWC/CONF.VII/MISC.1 Provisional List of Participants

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BWC/CONF.VII/WP.1 Article VII: options for implementation and proposal for intersessional work - Submitted by the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

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BWC/CONF.VII/WP.2 Illustrative model intersessional work programme: a proposal for task group structure and agenda items - Submitted by the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

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BWC/CONF.VII/WP.3 Proposal for structured and systematic review of science and technology developments under the Convention - Submitted by India

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BWC/CONF.VII/WP.4 Strengthening biosafety and security while the convergence of biology and chemistry has increased: building joint responses between the BTWC and CWC regimes against misuse of biological and chemical agents - Submitted by Poland

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BWC/CONF.VII/WP.5 Implementation of the Biological Weapons Convention - Submitted by Iraq

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BWC/CONF.VII/WP.5/Rev.1 Implementation of the Biological Weapons Convention - Submitted by Iraq

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BWC/CONF.VII/WP.6 Confidence-Building Measures: proposal for modification of Form D - Submitted by Belgium

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BWC/CONF.VII/WP.7 Biorisk management standards and their role in BTWC implementation - Submitted by Belgium

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BWC/CONF.VII/WP.8 Finnish biothreat preparedness - Submitted by Finland

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BWC/CONF.VII/WP.9 Review and update of the Confidence-Building Measures - Submitted by Germany, Norway and Switzerland

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BWC/CONF.VII/WP.10 Decision-making in a future BTWC intersessional work programme - Submitted by the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

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BWC/CONF.VII/WP.11Proposal for a working group to address compliance issues - Submitted by Australia, Japan and New Zealand

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BWC/CONF.VII/WP.12 A proposal for the next intersessional period 2012-2015 - Submitted by Australia and Japan

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BWC/CONF.VII/WP.13 Proposal for the annual review of advances in science and technology relevant to the Biological Weapons Convention - Submitted by Australia, Japan and New Zealand

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BWC/CONF.VII/WP.14 Confidence building and compliance: two different approaches - Submitted by Germany

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BWC/CONF.VII/WP.15 The "Intersessional Bureau": a new element to solidify BWC work in Geneva - Submitted by Germany

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BWC/CONF.VII/WP.16 Mechanism for advancing the implementation of Article X - Submitted by South Africa

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BWC/CONF.VII/WP.17 Biological Weapons Convention Implementation Support Unit: future planning - Submitted by South Africa

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BWC/CONF.VII/WP.18 Proposal for the intersessional process - Submitted by South Africa

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BWC/CONF.VII/WP.19 Confidence-Building Measures - Submitted by South Africa

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BWC/CONF.VII/WP.20 Possible approaches to education and awareness-raising among life scientists - Submitted by Australia, Canada, Japan, New Zealand, Republic of Korea and Switzerland (on behalf of the “JACKSNNZ” ), and Kenya, Pakistan, Sweden, Ukraine, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the United States of America

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BWC/CONF.VII/WP.20/Rev.1 Possible approaches to education and awareness-raising among life scientists - Submitted by Australia, Canada, Japan, New Zealand, Republic of Korea and Switzerland (on behalf of the “JACKSNNZ” ), and Kenya, Sweden, Ukraine, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the United States of America

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BWC/CONF.VII/WP.21 Working Paper on the Confidence Building Measures - Submitted by Norway, Switzerland and New Zealand

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BWC/CONF.VII/WP.22 Working Paper on the role of the ISU - Submitted by Japan

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BWC/CONF.VII/WP.23 The next intersessional process - Submitted by the United States of America

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BWC/CONF.VII/WP.24 China's views on strengthening the effectiveness of the BWC - Submitted by China

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BWC/CONF.VII/WP.25 Strengthening the existing Confidence-Building Measure submission and review process - Submitted by Canada

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BWC/CONF.VII/WP.26 The establishment of a mechanism to promote the full effective and non-discriminatory implementation of Article X of the Convention - Submitted by Cuba on behalf of the Group of the Non-aligned Movement and other States Parties to the BWC

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BWC/CONF.VII/WP.26/Corr.1 The establishment of a mechanism to promote the full effective and non-discriminatory implementation of Article X of the Convention - Submitted by Cuba on behalf of the Group of the Non-aligned Movement and other States Parties to the BWC

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BWC/CONF.VII/WP.27 Fostering stakeholder accountability - Submitted by France

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BWC/CONF.VII/WP.28 A peer review mechanism for the Biological Weapons Convention: enhancing confidence in national implementation and international cooperation - Submitted by France

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BWC/CONF.VII/WP.29 The full, effective and non-discriminatory implementation of Article X - Submitted by the Islamic Republic of Iran

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BWC/CONF.VII/COW/ INF.1 Proposals made to the Committee of the Whole - Submitted by the Chair of the Committee of the Whole

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BWC/CONF.VII/COW/ INF.1/Add.1 Proposals made to the Committee of the Whole - Submitted by the Chair of the Committee of the Whole

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BWC/CONF.VII/COW/ INF.1/Add.2 Proposals made to the Committee of the Whole - Submitted by the Chair of the Committee of the Whole

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BWC/CONF.VII/COW/ INF.1/Add.3 Proposals made to the Committee of the Whole - Submitted by the Chair of the Committee of the Whole

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BWC/CONF.VII/COW/ INF.2 Combined Proposals made to the Committee of the Whole - Submitted by the Chair of the Committee of the Whole

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BWC/CONF.VII/COW/ INF.2/Rev.1 Combined Proposals made to the Committee of the Whole - Submitted by the Chair of the Committee of the Whole

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BWC/CONF.VII/COW/CRP.1 Draft Report of the Committee of the Whole

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BWC/CONF.VII/COW/CRP.2 Outline of the Draft Final Declaration of the Seventh Review Conference - Submitted by the Chair of the Committee of the Whole

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Show details for Advance Copies of Documents and PapersAdvance Copies of Documents and Papers
Hide details for Schedule of Side EventsSchedule of Side Events

Monday 5 December

13.00-15.00 University of Bradford - Key Points for the Review Conference (Room XXIV)
NOTE: Deferred to Tuesday 13.00- 15.00 (Room XXIV)

13.00-15.00 Partnership for Global Security - Title to be announced (Room XXV)

13:00-15:00 Introduction of the Glass Sculpture exhibition by the United Kingdom and Switzerland

Tuesday 6 December

09.00-10.00 Amy Smithson - Germ Gambits: Lessons for BWC Compliance Drawn from the UNSCOM Inspections in Iraq (Room XXIV)

    Germ Gambits: The Bioweapons Dilemma, Iraq and Beyond (Stanford Univ. Press, 2011) presents the history of the biological inspections of the United Nations Special Commission in Iraq, as told by the inspectors themselves. This engaging, analytical historical narrative explains what the biological inspectors knew when and how they knew it as well as how they outmaneuvered the Iraqis and provides the inspectors’ blueprint to “get it right” with regard to the verification challenges associated with the bioweapons ban and the author’s roadmap to address the overall biological threats facing the world today. Smithson will present highlights of the book, focusing on lessons that can enhance confidence in compliance with the BWC.

13.00-15.00 IAP: The Global Network of Science Academies - Report of the Workshop on Trends in Science and Technology Relevant to the BWC and University of Bradford - Key Points for the Review Conference (Room XXIV)
13.00-15.00 Netherlands Netherlands Institute of International Relations Clingendael - The Future of Biological Weapons Revisited (Room XXV)
    In 1991 The Future of Biological Weapons was one of the first books on the efforts to ban biological weapons. The future of Biological Weapons Revisited will be presented by the author of the revised edition, Koos van der Bruggen, and the author of the original edition, Barend ter Haar. Sandwiches and free copies of the book will be served.


Wednesday 7 December

09.00-10.00 Harvard-Sussex Program - Results from Examining the role of Science and Technology reviews in the Biological Weapons Convention (Room XXIV)

13.00-15.00 Romania/ISU - Advances in biotechnology - a potential source of proliferation of biological agents (Room XXIV)

13.00-15.00 MJ Lawrence Consulting - CASE STUDY: Expanding the availability of medical countermeasures for biodefense in Europe (Room XXV)


Thursday 8 December

09.00-10.00 Center for Nonproliferation Studies - Title to be announced (Room XXIV)

09.00-10.00 Virtual Biosecurity Center - Enhancing Education and Transparency (Room XXV)

13.00-15.00 BWPP - The BioWeapons Monitor 2011 and other 2011 activities
of the BioWeapons Prevention Project (Room XXIV)

13.00-15.00 USA - United States Biodefense Program (Room XXV)


Friday 9 December

09.00-10.00 Stockholm International Peace Research Institute - Addressing Future Challenges to the BTWC in Connection with S&T Developments (Room XXV)

13.00-15.00 University of Hamburg - Contributing to the Article X
Debate. Monitoring International Trade in Biological Dual Use Equipment
(with Izaak Wind, former Deputy Director, Tariff and Trade Affairs, of
the World Customs Organization (WCO)) (Room XXIV)

13.00-15.00 USA - United States Assistance Under Article X (Room XXV)


Monday 12 December

09:00-10:00 Landau Network–Centro Volta - Implementing Education on Biosecurity and Dual Use: National Experiences and Resources (Room XXIV)

13.00-15.00 Japan and Switzerland - Dual-use issues and the role of life scientists (Room XXIV)


Tuesday 13 December

09.00-10.00 USA - International Preparedness and Response (Room XXIV)

13.00-15.00 Middle East Informal Working Group on Biological Weapons - Title to be announced (Room XXIV)

13:00 - 15:00 WHO - Title to be announced (Room XXV)

Wednesday 14 December


09.00-10.00 Amy Smithson - Global Perspectives on Re-Envisaging the Biological Weapons Convention (Room XXIV)
    The November 2011 edition of the Nonproliferation Review is devoted exclusively to issues salient to the Seventh Review Conference of the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention. To ensure that a wide range of opinion on issues central to the BWC regime are considered, this special issue features thirteen distinguished international specialists from ten countries around the globe. The panel chair will provide an overview of this special edition of the Nonproliferation Review, with individual panelists summarizing their articles.

    Panel chair
    Amy E. Smithson, PhD, of the Center for Nonproliferation Studies (guest co-editor for this special edition of the Nonproliferation Review)
    Panelists
    • Ursela Jenal, PhD, of Jenal & Partners Biosafety Consulting,
    • Ralf Trapp, PhD, consultant
    • Filippa Lentzos, PhD, of the London School of Economics and Politics BIOS Centre, and,
    • Cindy Vestergaard, PhD, of the Danish Institute for International Studies.


13:00-15:00 VERTIC- 25th anniversary celebration of VERTIC’s founding (plus status of national legislation for BWC implementation and expansion of NIM Programme to cover UNSCR 1540) (Room XXIV)

13:00-15:00 Texas Tech University- Cost Effective Regulation for the MENA and Asia Region (Room XXV)


Thursday 15 December

09.00- 10.00 U.S. National Academies of Science - Biosecurity Challenges of the Global Expansion of High Containment Biological Laboratories - Summary of a Workshop and Report Release (Room XXIII)
For more information, please click here.


13.00-15.00 Belgium - Biological Weapon Convention, Biosecurity and the Industry (Room XXIV)
    In June 2011, a seminar entitled "The Biological Weapons Convention, Biosecurity and the Industry – Management of the biological proliferation risk in life sciences institutions" was held in Brussels at the initiative of the Belgian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Belgian Biosafety Association (BBP). The seminar gathered representatives of government bodies and representatives from pharmaceutical and biotech companies and their sector federations in order to to exchange views on how to manage biological dual-use issues and to look at the complementary role that biorisk management standards can play with regard to the implementation of the BTWC. Introduced by Belgian Ambassador François Roux, Ursula Jenal of Xibios and Jenal & Partners and Frank Meeussen of the Belgian Ministry of Foreign Affairs will present the main lessons learnt from this seminar. The related paper “Setting a Standard For Stakeholdership. Industry Contribution to a Strengthened Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention”, edited by Dr. Jean-Pascal Zanders of the EU Institute for Security Studies will be presented. “


Friday 16 December

09.00 - 10.00 Ferdous International foundation (FIF) and Global Health and Security
Consultants (GHSC) - National Biorisk Management Programme as an effective tool for implementation of BTWC (Room XXIV)

13.00-15.00 International Council for the Life Sciences - The Biosafety and Biosecurity International Conference Process: Health Security and the BWC (Room XXIV)
    The BBIC Process is a network of individuals from 22 countries aimed at helping develop healthier and more secure communities in the Middle East and North Africa region through encouraging the development of comprehensive national and regional biosafety and biosecurity strategies. The aim of these strategies is to help governments and communities develop the human, physical and legislative capacity and infrastructure to permit effective national preparedness, planning and emergency response to major biological events, be they from natural outbreaks or accidental release, or from an act of warfare or terrorism. Members of the BBIC Process will present and answer questions on the work conducted to date and plans for future actions, and on how this work helps promote the objectives of the BWC.


Monday 19 December

13.00-15.00 Poland - Biosafety and biosecurity: implications of the convergence of biology and chemistry (Room XXIV)

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