Generic Preventive Measures - Checklist
To assist States with the implementation of Article 9 and Part 3 of the Technical Annex, in 2009 the then Coordinator on Generic Preventive Measures, Colonel Jean-Christophe Le Roux of France, developed a questionnaire which serves as a checklist for States to consider when they are developing procedures, guidelines or regulations on the implementation of generic preventive measures. The checklist has been reproduced in full below. It can also be found in Protocol V document CCW/P.V/CONF/2010/6/Add.1, 11 November 2010. Essentially the checklist is a tool to facilitate the implementation of generic preventive measures. While it does not have any legal status, it is hoped that the checklist will clarify various issues, establish best practises and serve to monitor and improve the implementation of generic preventive measures at the national level.
Reducing UXO sensitivity
Reducing potential civilian casualties from ERW
5. Utilisation - 5.1 Storage
5.2 Transportation and handling
6. Support - 6.1 maintenance of weapon system, munitions and packaging
6.2 In service surveillance
(a) Is there a user manual for each type of munition?
(b) Is information on munitions and their correct handling available, articulated in suitable terms for the respective level? Is the user of this information trained?
(c) Do the OEMs provide to the users all technical details regarding munitions during the entire life cycle than can reduce or eliminate the probability of UXO?
(d) Is the user manual adapted to different profiles of users (operational, headquarters, maintenance…)?
(e) Are the limits of use defined in the user manual?
(f) Is there safety area defined (for troops, civilians and urban installations)?
(g) In the user manual, are there recommendations about factors that can negatively influence munitions, such as mechanical, thermal, electrical, climatic, biological, polluting, radiating or poisoning hazards?
(h) Are the technical manuals and their translations sufficiently detailed to achieve the objective of reduction of UXO?
7. Disposal Identification
Information to other parties
8. COTS and MOTS
9. Others questions for storage related to safety
(a) Is the risk of explosion in stockpiles minimized by the use of appropriate stockpile arrangements?
(b) Where munitions temporarily cannot be stored in accordance with regulations e.g. in temporary tactical deployments is there a risk reduction procedure such as “As Low As Reasonably Practicable” that can be followed (e.g. : minimum safety distances to reduce risk of sympathetic explosion, construction of blast walls)?
(c) Is access to the storage site restricted (e.g.: perimeter fenced, guard forces…)?
(d) Is the storage site located a safe distance from personnel at all times?
(e) Are adequate emergency fire-fighting procedures in place?
List of abbreviations
ALARP: As Low As is Reasonably Practicable
AXO: Abandoned explosive Ordnance
BIT: Built In Test
CCW: Certain Conventional Weapons
COTS: Commercial Off The Shelf
EOD: Explosive Ordnance Disposal
ERW: Explosive Remnants of War (see definition in convention on CCW)
HCP: High Contracting Party
MOTS: Modified Off The Shelf
RFID: Radio Frequency Identification Device
UXO: Unexploded Ordnance (see definition in convention on CCW)