To assist States with the implementation of Article 9 and Part 3 of the Technical Annex, in 2009 the then Coordinator on Generic Preventive Measures, Colonel Jean-Christophe Le Roux of France, developed a questionnaire which serves as a checklist for States to consider when they are developing procedures, guidelines or regulations on the implementation of generic preventive measures. The checklist has been reproduced in full below. It can also be found in Protocol V document CCW/P.V/CONF/2010/6/Add.1, 11 November 2010. Essentially the checklist is a tool to facilitate the implementation of generic preventive measures. While it does not have any legal status, it is hoped that the checklist will clarify various issues, establish best practises and serve to monitor and improve the implementation of generic preventive measures at the national level.
Reducing UXO sensitivity
Reducing potential civilian casualties from ERW
5. Utilisation - 5.1 Storage
5.2 Transportation and handling
(a) Is the user trained to perform visual checks of munitions before use or firing?
(b) Is the user trained to test the weapon system and/or munitions before use or firing?
(c) Is the user trained to use munitions? Does he know the limits of use defined in user manual?
(d) Are negatively influencing factors on munitions, such as mechanical, thermal, electrical, climatic, biological, polluting, radiating or poisoning hazards, known to the users?
(e) Is the user trained to identify ERW and apply procedure of treatment (e.g. mark, isolate, inform…)?
(f) Are there training programmes adapted to different profile of users (operational, headquarters, maintenance…) and level of knowledge to have?
(g) Do training programmes involve all personnel in the entire chain involved with the life cycle of munitions?
(h) Are there specific training programme for specific munitions?
6. Support - 6.1 maintenance of weapon system, munitions and packaging
6.2 In service surveillance
7. Disposal Identification
Information to other parties
8. COTS and MOTS
9. Others questions for storage related to safety
(a) Is the risk of explosion in stockpiles minimized by the use of appropriate stockpile arrangements?
(b) Where munitions temporarily cannot be stored in accordance with regulations e.g. in temporary tactical deployments is there a risk reduction procedure such as “As Low As Reasonably Practicable” that can be followed (e.g. : minimum safety distances to reduce risk of sympathetic explosion, construction of blast walls)?
(c) Is access to the storage site restricted (e.g.: perimeter fenced, guard forces…)?
(d) Is the storage site located a safe distance from personnel at all times?
(e) Are adequate emergency fire-fighting procedures in place?
List of abbreviations
ALARP: As Low As is Reasonably Practicable
AXO: Abandoned explosive Ordnance
BIT: Built In Test
CCW: Certain Conventional Weapons
COTS: Commercial Off The Shelf
EOD: Explosive Ordnance Disposal
ERW: Explosive Remnants of War (see definition in convention on CCW)
HCP: High Contracting Party
MOTS: Modified Off The Shelf
RFID: Radio Frequency Identification Device
UXO: Unexploded Ordnance (see definition in convention on CCW)