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Lethal Autonomous Weapons



The CCW Meeting of Experts on Lethal Autonomous Weapons Systems (LAWS) took place from 13 to 16 May 2014 at the United Nations in Geneva.

At the 2013 CCW Meeting of High Contracting Parties, a new mandate on lethal autonomous weapons systems (LAWS) was agreed on. The mandate states:


"...Chairperson will convene in 2014 a four-day informal Meeting of Experts, from 13 to 16 May 2014, to discuss the questions related to emerging technologies in the area of lethal autonomous weapons systems, in the context of the objectives and purposes of the Convention. He will, under his own responsibility, submit a report to the 2014 Meeting of the High Contracting Parties to the Convention, objectively reflecting the discussions held."

The Meeting of Experts was chaired by Ambassador Jean-Hugues Simon-Michel of France.



Report of the 2014 informal Meeting of Experts on Lethal Autonomous Weapons Systems (CCW/MSP/2014/3)

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Presentations and statements from the Meeting of Experts

General exchangeTextAudio
Director General of UNOGTextAudio
AustraliaTextAudio
AustriaTextAudio
BrazilText Audio
CanadaTextAudio
CroatiaTextAudio
Czech RepublicTextAudio
EcuadorTextAudio
EgyptTextAudio
FranceTextAudio
GermanyTextAudio
Holy SeeTextAudio
IndiaTextAudio
IrelandText Audio
ItalyTextAudio
JapanTextAudio
MaliTextAudio
MexicoTextAudio
New ZealandTextAudio
NorwayTextAudio
PakistanTextAudio
Republic of KoreaTextAudio
South AfricaTextAudio
SpainTextAudio
SwedenTextAudio
SwitzerlandTextAudio
United KingdomTextAudio
United StatesTextAudio
UNIDIRTextAudio
ICRCTextAudio
Campaign to Stop Killer RobotsTextAudio
Nobel Women's initiativeTextAudio
Amnesty InternationalTextAudio
Article 36TextAudio
Association for Aid and Relief, JapanTextAudio
Human Rights WatchTextAudio
International Committee for Robot Arms Control (ICRAC)TextAudio
PAXTextAudio
Women's International League for Peace and Freedom (WILPF)TextAudio
Technical Issues (Part 1)
Dr. Raja Chatila, Centre National de la Recherce Scientifique, France: The concept of autonomyTextAudio
Dr. Paul Scharre, Centre for a New American Security, USA: Existing systems and technologies. Is there a trend towards increasing autonomy?TextAudio
Professor Ronald Arkin, Georgia Institute of Technology, USATextAudio
Professor Noel Sharkey University of Shefield, UKTextAudio
FranceTextAudio
Technical Issues (Part 2)
Dr. Jean-Paul Laumond, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, France: Robotique humanoide (Humanoid Robotics)TextAudio
Mr. Hajime Wakuda, Director for Defense Industry, Aerospace and Defense Industry Division, Manufacturing Industries Bureau, Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry, Japan: Robotics and applicationsTextAudio
Dr. Yong Woon Park, Director, Principal Researcher, Agency for Defense Development (Defense Unmanned Technology Centre), Republic of Korea: The Trend of Autonomous Technology for Military Robot (with robotic views of Autonomy)TextAudio
Dr. Quentin Ladetto, Director, Future Technologies, Research Management and Operation Research, Federal Department of Defence, SwitzerlandTextAudio
ICRCTextAudio
Ethics and Sociology
Dr. Dominique Lambert, Université de Namur, Belgium: The ethics of robotics and the human-machine interrelationTextAudio
Dr. Peter Asaro, Stanford Law School, USA, & Vice-Chair of the International Committee for Robot Arms Control: Ethical questions raised by military applications of roboticsTextAudio
AustraliaTextAudio
GermanyTextAudio
Legal Aspects (Part 1) International Humanitarian Law
Dr. Nils Melzer, Geneva Centre for Security Policy, Switzerland: Principle of humanity and Martens ClauseTextAudio
Dr. Matthew Waxman, Columbia Law University, USA: Implementation of Article 36 and Jus in belloTextAudio
Dr Marco Sassòli Geneva Academy, Switzerland: LAWS - advantages and problems compared with other weapon systems from the point of view of IHLTextAudio
AustraliaTextAudio
GermanyTextAudio
SwedenTextAudio
Article 36TextAudio
Legal Aspects (Part 2) Other areas of international law
Dr. Thilo Marauhn, University of Giessen, Germany: Responsibility and AccountabilityText 1, Text 2Audio
Dr. Christof Heyns, University of Pretoria, South Africa: Human Rights Law issuesTextAudio
Dr. Nils Melzer, Geneva Centre for Security Policy, Switzerland: Jus ad bellumTextAudio
Operational and Military Aspects
Dr. Mark Hagerott, United States Naval Academy, USATextAudio
Dr. Heigo Sato, Takushoku University, Japan: Military implications of LAWS and possible ways to develop a risk management schemeTextAudio
Lt. Col. Olivier Madiot, French Armed Forces: Views of the Joint StaffText Audio
Col. (Ret.) Wolfgang Richter, Germany: Utility and limitations of the use of LAWS in military operationsTextAudio
Czech RepublicTextAudio
WRAP-UP SESSION
Summaries by the Friends of the Chair
Technical issues- Ambassador Michael Biontino (Germany)TextAudio
Ethics and sociological issues - Ambassador Pedro Motta Pinto Coelho (Brazil)TextAudio
Legal aspects (Part 1) - Ambassador Aya Thiam (Mali)TextAudio
Legal aspects (Part 2) - Ambassador Yvette Stevens (Sierra Leone)TextAudio
Operational and military aspects - Chair, Ambassador Jean-Hugues Simon-Michel (France)TextAudio
Closing Statements
Director General of UNOGTextAudio
ArgentinaTextAudio
AustraliaTextAudio
AustriaTextAudio
BelarusTextAudio
ChinaTextAudio
CroatiaTextAudio
CubaTextAudio
Czech RepublicTextAudio
GermanyTextAudio
GuatemalaTextAudio
IndiaTextAudio
IrelandTextAudio
ItalyTextAudio
JapanTextAudio
MexicoTextAudio
NetherlandsTextAudio
New ZealandTextAudio
PakistanTextAudio
Russian FederationTextAudio
SpainTextAudio
SwedenTextAudio
SwitzerlandTextAudio
United KingdomTextAudio
United StatesTextAudio
ICRCTextAudio
International Campaign to Stop Killer RobotsTextAudio
ICRACTextAudio


Press releases


Press release by the International Committee of the Red Cross on lethal autonomous weapons systems

BBC, 'Killer robots' to be debated at the UN

Bulletin Sentinelle, Encadrement juridique des "Robots tueurs": enjeux et perspectives

China.org.cn, UN meeting targets 'killer robots'

Kurzweil - Accelerating Intelligence, Robotics experts to debate 'killer robots' policies at the UN

Le Monde, Une première réunion internationale pour réguler l’usage des « robots tueurs »

Motherboard. Killer robots could be more humane than humans

The High Calling, Father, Forgive Me For My Robot has Sinned

The Times of Change, Killer robots are coming!

The Times of Israel, UN talks to tackle potential killer machines

The Wire, The UN is discussing killer robots today

Wall Street Journal, It's Judgment Day for Killer Robots at the United Nations

Washington Post, Should the world kill killer robots before it's too late?

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