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Disarmament

IED 1
Group of Experts

BACKGROUND

This page contains information on the mandate, structure and activities of the Amended Protocol II Group of Experts - an informal implementation mechanism established by the Tenth Annual Conference of the High Contracting Parties to Amended Protocol II (Geneva, 12 November 2008), as stipulated in paragraphs 23 and 24 of its Final Document, CCW/AP.II/CONF.10/2, as follows:

"[T]o establish an informal open-ended Group of Experts.

[...] The work of the Group of Experts shall be considered by the [...] Annual Conference. "


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2014 Group of Experts

Palais des Nations, Geneva, 1 and 2 April


The Amended Protocol II Group of Experts will take place on 1 and 2 April 2014. Here is the letter on registration for the Group of Experts.

Ms. Päivi Kairamo, Ambassador of Finland, is the Chairperson-designate of the Sixteenth Annual Conference. Here is the Letter by the President-designate on National annual reporting, and the Letter on the preparations for the Group of Experts.

The mandate of the Group of Experts was decided by the Fifteenth Annual Conference in 2013. The main focus of the 2014 Group of Experts are:


Operation and status of the Protocol
  • to review the operation and status of the Protocol and consider matters arising from the national annual reports, as well as the development of technologies to protect civilians against indiscriminate effects of mines.
  • to analyze the implementation by the States parties of their obligation to submit national annual reports and shall study their content, focusing on the information submitted in Form D, "Legislation related to the Protocol."
  • to consider the "Guide to reporting" of Form D in light of developments and progress achieved in the field of mine action since the adoption of the Protocol.


Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs)
  • to continue information exchange on IEDs, IED incidents, their prevention, including public awareness and/or risk education campaigns, and their humanitarian effects, in light of the significance of the CCW framework, its norms and implementation with respect to the IED threat.
  • to continue, consistent with the scope of APII, developing best practices aimed at helping to address the threat of IEDs, including by:
    • exploring the possibility of an information exchange database, portal or platform as a tool for improving information sharing on the diversion and illicit use of material that can be used for IEDs and other means of reducing the threat of IEDs;
    • examining ways to reduce the risk of military munitions stocks, explosive remnants of war, or commercial explosive stocks being used for IEDs;
    • promoting international cooperation and assistance to help strengthen national capacities of High Contracting Parties, when requested, to address the IED threat;
    while bearing in mind commercial confidentiality, national security requirements, the legitimate interests in trade of such materials; and taking into account existing and related work of international and regional organisations, including those referred to in the compilation; and
  • to continue discussions on victim assistance so that those providing assistance bear in mind the 2008 Plan of Action on Victim Assistance of Protocol V and the principles of age- and gender-sensitive medical care, rehabilitation, psychological support, and adequate assistance for social and economic inclusion in a non-discriminatory manner.


COORDINATORS

Mr. David Puzstai of Hungary is Coordinator on the Operation and status of the Protocol; matters arising from reports by the High Contracting Parties according to Article 13 (4) of APII, as well as the development of technologies to protect civilians against indiscriminate effects of mines.

Ms. Namdi Payne of Australia is Coordinator on Improvised Explosive Devices, who is assisted by Capt. (Navy) Erwan Roche of France as Co-Coordinator.


DOCUMENTATION



IN-SESSION PRESENTATIONS

To see the presentations that were delivered by the experts during the Group of Experts, which have been submitted to the Secretariat, please click below:


Show details for Operation and Status of Amended Protocol IIOperation and Status of Amended Protocol II
Hide details for Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs)Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs)


Information Exchange on IEDs

UKRAINE on "Implementation of the Protocol II by Ukraine" by Dr. Kateryna Bila, MFA

JORDAN on "Jordan measures under APII" by Col. Ra'ed Safadi, Armed Forces

FRANCE on “Added value of a deployable C-IED Exploitation Laboratory" by LCL Charles Giraud, Division de la maitrise désarmements, Etat-major des armées, MOD

UNMAS on "Countering IEDs" by Mr. Joseph Huber

AOAV & INEW on "An Explosive Situation” by Mr. Steve Smith, CEO AOAV/INEW & Mr. Iain Overton, Director of Policy

SMALL ARMS SURVEY on “Infernal Machines: A presentation of a Small Arms Survey yearbook chapter” by Ms. Joanna Wright, Independent researcher



Best practices: Possible database for information exchange
“Explore the possibility of a database, portal or platform as a tool for improving information sharing and favour cooperation”

[...]




Best practices: Reducing the risk
Ways to reduce the risk of military munitions stocks, explosive remnants of war, or commercial explosive stocks from being used for IEDs”

Military Stocks and ERW:
GICHD by Mr. Samuel Paunila, Advisor, Operations

Commercial explosive and detonators:
USA JIEDDO by Maj. O'Connell, United States Army, Operations Officer, JIEDDO, Department of Defense

Chemicals used from home-made explosives:
FRANCE on "The fight against IED-making" by Ms. Claire Arnould, Project Leader on Explosives, Secrétariat Général de la Défense et de la Sécurité Nationale (SGDSN)

UN arms embargo committees:
UN Security Council on "1267 and 1988 Committees Monitoring Team" - UN sanction regimes, by the Monitoring Team - 1267 Committee, UN Security Council



Best practices: International cooperation and assistance

LEBANON by Mr. Maher Al Daouk, First Lieutenant, Directorate General of the Internal Security Forces (ISF)

CANADA by Col. Michael Minor, Armed Forces

GERMANY by Col. Peter Pauels, Permanent Mission, Geneva

OPTIMA Group on "IED risk reduction" by Mr. Kenneth Cross, C-IED Consultant

NIGERIA by DSP Haruna Ismaila, Nigerian Police

RUSSIAN FEDERATION by Col. Alexander Semiglazov, Engineering Corps, Armed Forces



Victim assistance

UNDP by Ms. Sara Sekkenes, Adviser, Conflict Prevention and Recovery - Partnerships






PREVIOUS SESSIONS OF THE GROUP OF EXPERTS


Hide details for 2013 session of the Group of Experts2013 session of the Group of Experts


DATE AND VENUE
8 and 9 April, Palais des Nations, United Nations Office at Geneva.


ISSUES UNDER DISCUSSION

Main focus of the 2013 Group of Experts:



Operation and status of the Protocol
  • to review the operation and status of the Protocol and consider matters arising from the national annual reports, as well as the development of technologies to protect civilians against indiscriminate effects of mines.
  • to analyze the implementation by the States parties of their obligation to submit national annual reports and shall study their content, focusing on the information submitted in Form C, "Technical requirements and relevant information."
  • to consider the "Guide to reporting" in light of developments and progress achieved in the field of mine action since the adoption of the Protocol.



Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs)
  • to continue information exchange on IEDs, IED incidents, their prevention, and their humanitarian effects, in light of the significance of the CCW framework, its norms and implementation with respect to the IED threat.
  • to commence, consistent with the scope of APII, developing best practices aimed at helping to address the diversion or illicit use of materials that can be used for IEDs, focusing on ways States Parties can improve information sharing on international transfers and use of such materials and preventing their diversion for use in IEDs, while bearing in mind commercial confidentiality, national security requirements and legitimate interests in trade of such materials. The work carried out by international and regional organisations, as well as existing and related guidelines, best practices and recommendations, including those referred to in the compilation, should be taken into account.
  • to discuss international humanitarian law rules applicable to the use of IEDs, and share information on domestic implementation and prevention of violations of Amended Protocol II rules applicable to IEDs and on means to protect civilians from IEDs.
  • to continue to survey existing guidelines, best practices, and other recommendations and compile, for consideration of the High Contracting Parties, guidelines adding to existing work and aiming at addressing the diversion or illicit use of materials which can be used for IEDs.
  • to continue to follow the International Ammunition Technical Guidelines (IATG) process and exchange views with the IATG technical review panel with a view to, where appropriate, contributing to the review and implementation of the guidelines with the aim of enhancing IED prevention.
  • to continue discussions on victim assistance so that those providing assistance bear in mind the 2008 Plan of Action on Victim Assistance of Protocol V and the principles of age- and gender-sensitive medical care, rehabilitation, psychological support, and adequate assistance for social and economic inclusion in a non-discriminatory manner.


COORDINATORS

Ms. Namdi Payne of Australia is Coordinator on Improvised Explosive Devices, who is assisted by Mr. Laurent Masmejean of Switzerland as Co-Coordinator;

The issue on the operation and status of the Protocol; on matters arising from reports by High Contracting Parties according to paragraph 4 of Article 13 of Amended Protocol II, as well as development of technologies to protect civilians against indiscriminate effects of mines was under the overall responsibility of the President.

DOCUMENTATION



IN-SESSION PRESENTATIONS

To see the presentations that were delivered by the experts during the Group of Experts, which have been submitted to the Secretariat, please click below:


Show details for Operation and Status of Amended Protocol IIOperation and Status of Amended Protocol II
Show details for Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs)Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs)



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Hide details for 2012 session of the Group of Experts2012 session of the Group of Experts


DATE AND VENUE

Monday, 23 April and Tuesday, 24 April 2012, Palais des Nations, United Nations Office at Geneva.


ISSUES UNDER DISCUSSION

Main focus of the 2012 Group of Experts:


Operation and status of the Protocol
  • to review the operation and status of the Protocol and consider matters arising from the national annual reports, as well as the development of technologies to protect civilians against indiscriminate effects of mines.
  • to analyze the implementation by the States parties of their obligation to submit national annual reports and shall study their content, focusing on the information submitted in Form B, “Mine clearance and rehabilitation programmes.”


Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs)
  • to continue information exchange on IEDs, IED incidents, their humanitarian effects, their prevention, as well as on the significance of the CCW framework, its norms and their implementation with respect to the IED threat.
  • to continue to survey existing guidelines, best practices, and other recommendations and compile, for consideration of the High Contracting Parties, guidelines adding to existing work and aiming at addressing the diversion or illicit use of materials which can be used for IEDs.
  • to continue to follow the International Ammunition Technical Guidelines (IATG) process and exchange views with the IATG technical review panel with a view to, where appropriate, contributing to the review and implementation of the guidelines with the aim of enhancing IED prevention.
  • to continue discussions on victim assistance so that those providing assistance bear in mind the 2008 Plan of Action on Victim Assistance of Protocol V and the principles of age- and gender-sensitive medical care, rehabilitation, psychological support, and adequate assistance for social and economic inclusion in a non-discriminatory manner.

COORDINATORS
  • Mr. Jesus S. Domingo of the Philippines, Coordinator on the operation and status of the Protocol; on matters arising from reports by High Contracting Parties according to paragraph 4 of Article 13 of Amended Protocol II, as well as development of technologies to protect civilians against indiscriminate effects of mines;
  • Mr. Philip Kimpton of Australia, Coordinator on Improvised Explosive Devices, assisted by Mr. Reto Wollenmann of Switzerland as Co-Coordinator

DOCUMENTATION


Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs):

Compilation of existing guidelines, best practices, and other recommendations aimed at addressing the diversion or illicit use of materials which can be used for IEDs

To see a Compilation of existing guidelines, best practices, and other recommendations aimed at addressing the diversion or illicit use of materials which can be used for IEDs, please click here. The High Contracting Parties are invited to update the Compilation at any moment.


IN-SESSION PRESENTATIONS

To see the presentations that were delivered by the experts during the Group of Experts, which have been submitted to the Secretariat, please click below:



Show details for Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs)Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs)


Show details for 2011 session of the Group of Experts2011 session of the Group of Experts
Show details for 2010 session of the Group of Experts2010 session of the Group of Experts
Show details for 2009 session of the Group of Experts2009 session of the Group of Experts

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