ACCESSIBILITY AT UNOG A A A A The United Nations in the Heart of Europe

Group of Experts

IED 1

BACKGROUND

This page contains information on the mandate, structure and activities of the Amended Protocol II Group of Experts - an informal implementation mechanism established by the Tenth Annual Conference of the High Contracting Parties to Amended Protocol II (Geneva, 12 November 2008), as stipulated in paragraphs 23 and 24 of its Final Document, CCW/AP.II/CONF.10/2, as follows:

"[T]o establish an informal open-ended Group of Experts.

[...] The work of the Group of Experts shall be considered by the [...] Annual Conference. "


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2014 Group of Experts

Palais des Nations, Geneva, 1 and 2 April


The Amended Protocol II Group of Experts will take place on 1 and 2 April 2014. Here is the letter on registration for the Group of Experts.

Ms. Päivi Kairamo, Ambassador of Finland, is the Chairperson-designate of the Sixteenth Annual Conference. Here is the Letter by the President-designate on National annual reporting, and the Letter on the preparations for the Group of Experts.

The mandate of the Group of Experts was decided by the Fifteenth Annual Conference in 2013. The main focus of the 2014 Group of Experts are:


Operation and status of the Protocol
  • to review the operation and status of the Protocol and consider matters arising from the national annual reports, as well as the development of technologies to protect civilians against indiscriminate effects of mines.
  • to analyze the implementation by the States parties of their obligation to submit national annual reports and shall study their content, focusing on the information submitted in Form D, "Legislation related to the Protocol."
  • to consider the "Guide to reporting" of Form D in light of developments and progress achieved in the field of mine action since the adoption of the Protocol.


Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs)
  • to continue information exchange on IEDs, IED incidents, their prevention, including public awareness and/or risk education campaigns, and their humanitarian effects, in light of the significance of the CCW framework, its norms and implementation with respect to the IED threat.
  • to continue, consistent with the scope of APII, developing best practices aimed at helping to address the threat of IEDs, including by:
    • exploring the possibility of an information exchange database, portal or platform as a tool for improving information sharing on the diversion and illicit use of material that can be used for IEDs and other means of reducing the threat of IEDs;
    • examining ways to reduce the risk of military munitions stocks, explosive remnants of war, or commercial explosive stocks being used for IEDs;
    • promoting international cooperation and assistance to help strengthen national capacities of High Contracting Parties, when requested, to address the IED threat;
    while bearing in mind commercial confidentiality, national security requirements, the legitimate interests in trade of such materials; and taking into account existing and related work of international and regional organisations, including those referred to in the compilation; and
  • to continue discussions on victim assistance so that those providing assistance bear in mind the 2008 Plan of Action on Victim Assistance of Protocol V and the principles of age- and gender-sensitive medical care, rehabilitation, psychological support, and adequate assistance for social and economic inclusion in a non-discriminatory manner.


COORDINATORS

Mr. David Puzstai of Hungary is Coordinator on the Operation and status of the Protocol; matters arising from reports by the High Contracting Parties according to Article 13 (4) of APII, as well as the development of technologies to protect civilians against indiscriminate effects of mines.

Ms. Namdi Payne of Australia is Coordinator on Improvised Explosive Devices, who is assisted by Capt. (Navy) Erwan Roche of France as Co-Coordinator.


DOCUMENTATION



IN-SESSION PRESENTATIONS

To see the presentations that were delivered by the experts during the Group of Experts, which have been submitted to the Secretariat, please click below:


Hide details for Operation and Status of Amended Protocol IIOperation and Status of Amended Protocol II

National annual report submissions 2006 - 2013

UKRAINE on "Implementation of the Protocol II by Ukraine" by Dr. Kateryna Bila, MFA

JORDAN on "Jordan measures under APII" by Col. Ra'ed Safadi, Armed Forces


Hide details for Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs)Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs)


Information Exchange on IEDs

FRANCE on “Added value of a deployable C-IED Exploitation Laboratory" by LCL Charles Giraud, Division de la maitrise désarmements, Etat-major des armées, MOD

UNMAS on "Countering IEDs" by Mr. Joseph Huber

AOAV & INEW on "An Explosive Situation” by Mr. Steve Smith, CEO AOAV/INEW & Mr. Iain Overton, Director of Policy

SMALL ARMS SURVEY on “Infernal Machines: A presentation of a Small Arms Survey yearbook chapter” by Ms. Joanna Wright, Independent researcher



Best practices: Possible database for information exchange
“Explore the possibility of a database, portal or platform as a tool for improving information sharing and favour cooperation”

[...]




Best practices: Reducing the risk
Ways to reduce the risk of military munitions stocks, explosive remnants of war, or commercial explosive stocks from being used for IEDs”

Military Stocks and ERW:
GICHD by Mr. Samuel Paunila, Advisor, Operations

Commercial explosive and detonators:
USA by Maj. O'Connell, United States Army, Operations Officer, JIEDDO, Department of Defense

Chemicals used from home-made explosives:
FRANCE on "The fight against IED-making" by Ms. Claire Arnould, Project Leader on Explosives, Secrétariat Général de la Défense et de la Sécurité Nationale (SGDSN)

UN arms embargo committees:
UN Security Council on "1267 and 1988 Committees Monitoring Team" - UN sanction regimes, by the Monitoring Team - 1267 Committee, UN Security Council



Best practices: International cooperation and assistance

LEBANON by Mr. Maher Al Daouk, First Lieutenant, Directorate General of the Internal Security Forces (ISF)

CANADA by Col. Michael Minor, Armed Forces

GERMANY by Col. Peter Pauels, Permanent Mission, Geneva

OPTIMA Group on "IED risk reduction" by Mr. Kenneth Cross, C-IED Consultant

NIGERIA by DSP Haruna Ismaila, Nigerian Police

RUSSIAN FEDERATION by Col. Alexander Semiglazov, Engineering Corps, Armed Forces



Victim assistance

UNDP by Ms. Sara Sekkenes, Adviser, Conflict Prevention and Recovery - Partnerships





Statements and presentations

Operation and status
Coordinator
UNMAS
Ukraine
Russian Federation
Canada
USA
Norway
Jordan
China
Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs)
IEDs - Information exchange
Coordinator
Small Arms Survey
AOAV/INEW
France
World Customs Organization
Lebanon
United Kingdom
UNMAS
Pakistan
China
Republic of Korea
France
Germany
Austria
IEDs - Database
Australia
Break-out small groups:
Coordinator
Group 1 Rapporteur (Canada)
Group 2 Rapporteur (Spain)
Group 3 Rapporteur (UK)
Belarus
Germany
China
Russian Federation
Pakistan
IEDs - Reducing the risk
GICHD
USA JIEDDO
France
UN Security Council
Belgium
France
Switzerland
United Kingdom
Belarus
Argentina
Break-out small groups:
Group 1 Rapporteur (Croatia)
Group 2 Rapporteur (Netherlands)
Group 3 Rapporteur (Austria)
India
Pakistan
IEDs - International cooperation & assistance
Lebanon
Canada
Germany
Optima Group
Nigeria
India
Russian Federation
China
MAG
IEDs - Victim assistance
UNDP
Cambodia
Colombia
Wrap-up (the way ahead)
China
Belarus
United Kingdom
Closing remarks
Poland





PREVIOUS SESSIONS OF THE GROUP OF EXPERTS


Show details for 2013 session of the Group of Experts2013 session of the Group of Experts
Hide details for 2012 session of the Group of Experts2012 session of the Group of Experts


DATE AND VENUE

Monday, 23 April and Tuesday, 24 April 2012, Palais des Nations, United Nations Office at Geneva.


ISSUES UNDER DISCUSSION

Main focus of the 2012 Group of Experts:


Operation and status of the Protocol
  • to review the operation and status of the Protocol and consider matters arising from the national annual reports, as well as the development of technologies to protect civilians against indiscriminate effects of mines.
  • to analyze the implementation by the States parties of their obligation to submit national annual reports and shall study their content, focusing on the information submitted in Form B, “Mine clearance and rehabilitation programmes.”


Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs)
  • to continue information exchange on IEDs, IED incidents, their humanitarian effects, their prevention, as well as on the significance of the CCW framework, its norms and their implementation with respect to the IED threat.
  • to continue to survey existing guidelines, best practices, and other recommendations and compile, for consideration of the High Contracting Parties, guidelines adding to existing work and aiming at addressing the diversion or illicit use of materials which can be used for IEDs.
  • to continue to follow the International Ammunition Technical Guidelines (IATG) process and exchange views with the IATG technical review panel with a view to, where appropriate, contributing to the review and implementation of the guidelines with the aim of enhancing IED prevention.
  • to continue discussions on victim assistance so that those providing assistance bear in mind the 2008 Plan of Action on Victim Assistance of Protocol V and the principles of age- and gender-sensitive medical care, rehabilitation, psychological support, and adequate assistance for social and economic inclusion in a non-discriminatory manner.

COORDINATORS
  • Mr. Jesus S. Domingo of the Philippines, Coordinator on the operation and status of the Protocol; on matters arising from reports by High Contracting Parties according to paragraph 4 of Article 13 of Amended Protocol II, as well as development of technologies to protect civilians against indiscriminate effects of mines;
  • Mr. Philip Kimpton of Australia, Coordinator on Improvised Explosive Devices, assisted by Mr. Reto Wollenmann of Switzerland as Co-Coordinator

DOCUMENTATION


Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs):

Compilation of existing guidelines, best practices, and other recommendations aimed at addressing the diversion or illicit use of materials which can be used for IEDs

To see a Compilation of existing guidelines, best practices, and other recommendations aimed at addressing the diversion or illicit use of materials which can be used for IEDs, please click here. The High Contracting Parties are invited to update the Compilation at any moment.


IN-SESSION PRESENTATIONS

To see the presentations that were delivered by the experts during the Group of Experts, which have been submitted to the Secretariat, please click below:



Hide details for Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs)Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs)



Segment 1
Information exchange on IEDs, with presentations of case studies from affected countries and an exchange on national experiences with steps to prevent IED use


COLOMBIA Improvised Explosive Devices by Mr. Pablo Esteban Parra Gallego, Director of Humanitarian Demining, Presidential Programme for Mine Action

UNITED KINGDOM Counter–Improvised Explosive Devices by Lt. Col. Peter Sonnex, Royal Engineers; and Commander Tim Peacock, Royal Navy

AUSTRALIA The Challenging Scope of the Improvised Explosive Device by Brigadier Wayne Budd, Commander, ADF Counter–IED Task Force

ISRAEL Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs) in Israel by Dr. Shmuel Zitrin

INDIA IED Threat and Response: India by Col. Girish Wagh, Ministry of Defence

PHILIPPINES Philippine IED Update by Dr. Jesus S. Domingo, Minister, Permanent Mission of the Philippines to the UN in Geneva

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA Counter-Improvised Explosive Device Overview by Ms. Marianne Burtnett, Joint Improvised Explosive Device Defeat Organization (JIEDDO)

PERU Improvised Explosive Devices – Peru by Mr. Willyam Lucar, Coordinator General, National Mine Action Centre of Peru (Contraminas)

NEPAL Nepalese Case Study on IED & Counter Measures by Lt. Col. Nabin Silwal, Nepalese Army HQ

INDONESIA Amended Protocol II & Improvised Explosive Devices by Let. Col. Tedjasukma Ekaputra, Indonesian Armed Forces

NIGERIA Case Studies of IED Incidents in Nigeria by Maj. Abdulrazaq Kazeem, Army HQ, EOD Unit, Ministry of Defence; and Mr. Tajudeen Adeshina Adigun ASP, Police Force Headquarters

FRANCE The French Military Doctrine in Counter–IED by Lt.-Col. Jean-François Souprayen, Ecole Supérieure et d’Application du Génie, Pôle Interarmées MUNEX, Ministère de la Défense

BANGLADESH IED Effects in Bangladesh and Prevention by Lt.-Col. ASM Faisal, Bangladesh Army

The Coordinator on IEDs briefly highlighted the following presentation:
Counter-Improvised Explosive Devices Centre of Excellence (Maj. Niels van Bekkum, C-IED COE)



Segment 2
Discussion on IED-relevant existing guidelines, best practices and other recommendations


North Atlantic Treaty Organization Maintenance and Supply Agency (NAMSA) "Prevention of the Diversion of Explosive Ordnances to be Employed as IED" by Dr. Frederic Peugeot, NATO Trust Fund Project Manager, NAMSA General Services Programme

World Customs Organization (WCO) "From a Project to a Programme: The Evolution of Global Shield" by Mr. Jeffrey T. Wickett, Project Manager, Program Global Shield

Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) OSCE Experience on IED by Mr. Anton Martyniuk, CSBM/Project Officer, Conflict Prevention Centre

United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs (UNODA) The UN SaferGuard Programme and the International Ammunition Technical Guidelines (IATG): Securing Ammunition Stockpiles to Prevent IED Manufacture an electronic presentation by Ms. Gillian Goh, Conventional Arms Branch



Segment 3
A focus on the issue of IEDs and International Humanitarian Law

The Coordinator on IEDs briefly highlighted the following publication:

A Need for Greater Restrictions on the Use of Improvised Explosive Devices? A 'Food-for-thought' paper by the Geneva Academy of International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights (Académie de droit international humanitaire et de droits de humains, ADH Genève)



Segment 4
IEDs and Victim Assistance (a session jointly chaired by the Co-Coordinator on IEDs and the Coordinator on Victim Assistance)

Victim Assistance by the Protocol V Coordinator on Victim Assistance, Ms. Caroline Wörgötter of Austria

IRAQ Iraqi Ministry of Health Program to Support Mines Victims by Dr. Chasib Latif Ali Al-Shumosy, Director General of Planning and Resources Development, Ministry of Health




Show details for 2011 session of the Group of Experts2011 session of the Group of Experts
Show details for 2010 session of the Group of Experts2010 session of the Group of Experts
Show details for 2009 session of the Group of Experts2009 session of the Group of Experts

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