Project 2, Extended National Implementation Assistance Programmes, addresses the importance of promoting universal adherence to the BWC and enhancing national capabilities for implementing obligations under the BWC, including through: modalities for national coordination to facilitate and increase participation in the CBMs; legislative, administrative and enforcement measures; awareness-raising; and the creation of codes of conduct and standards on biosafety and biosecurity.
The results envisioned for Project 2 are: adoption of appropriate legislative or administrative measures to ensure effective implementation and enforcement to prevent and punish violations of the BWC; creation or enhancement of national improved coordination and networking among all stakeholders involved in the BWC process, including national and regional biosafety associations and the private sector; increased participation in the CBMs; establishment of codes of conduct and standards on biosafety and biosecurity; and the voluntary implementation of the BWC by States prior to their accession.
Effective means of national implementation and enforcement
Coordination and networking on national level
|Legal and administrative assistance for ratification/accession, such as development of the required legal or administrative measures.|
|Legal advice related to implementation, enforcement, penalization, import and export controls, etc.|
|Drafting assistance for legislative and administrative measures, including enforcement, prohibition, prevention, penalization, import-export controls, etc.|
|Awareness-raising workshops on national implementation and enforcement for a wide spectrum of stakeholders - governmental and legislative officials, state authorities, industry, academic and research institutions, NGOs, etc. |
|Assistance to overcome technical difficulties in preparing and submitting CBM declarations, general guidance on gathering data and completing the forms; in-country assistance for first submissions of CBM declarations; awareness-raising among national stakeholders.|
|financial grants for training and visits of relevant national stakeholders to EU Member States or international organizations to study measures related to BWC implementation|
Extended assistance programmes have been made available for seven States, and are currently being implemented. To support universalization of the BWC, one such program has been made available for a Signatory State, in which case ratification of the treaty is part of the action plan agreed upon.
Each individual programme will run for approximately 12 months and will comprise:
- Joint development of a structured plan for assistance (Action Plan), tailored for the country, that would involve visits and/or workshops by various assistance providers over the duration of the programme, as well as training provided in EU countries and elsewhere;
- Execution of the plan. with providers such as INTERPOL, WHO, VERTIC, EU Member States, the BWC ISU, and academic institutions conducting the respective activities (e.g. drafting of legislation, biosafety/biosecurity training, CBM preparation, police training, awareness-raising for scientists, emergency response planning, etc.);
- A wrap-up workshop following the conclusion of the activities, where the threads will be drawn together, agencies will report on their activities and progress, and any needs for further or continuing assistance will be assessed.