18 December 2013
GENEVA (18 December 2013) – United Nations human rights experts today warned that the high-profile execution of a senior official in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK), with a total disregard of due process and other international human rights standards, is just one among multiple executions reported in the country since August this year.
“The arrest, trial by a special military tribunal and execution of Jang Song Thaek, uncle of the country’s leader Kim Jong Un, all reportedly took place within five days,” said the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Marzuki Darusman. The execution was reported by the State media, citing offences including ‘anti-party, counter-revolutionary factional acts in a bid to overthrow the leadership.’
“I have also received information from different sources about multiple reports of public executions in different locations in DPRK, in particular during the past four months, which allegedly involved charges such as selling illegal videos, viewing pornography and taking drugs,” he said, urging the Government to immediately halt all executions.
Mr. Darusman also expressed particular concern about the worrying and widely documented practice of ‘guilt by association’ in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea. When a person is punished for a political or ideological crime, associates and members of his or her family also risk punishment by either being sent to prison camps or being executed immediately.
“I deeply deplore the recent executions which were allegedly founded on political grounds,” the United Nations Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions, Christof Heyns, said.
“If the death penalty is to be used at all, international law clearly requires that it is imposed under very strict circumstances,” Mr. Heyns stressed. “These must include a trial that meets the highest standards of fairness and the ‘most serious crimes provision,’ restricting the imposition of the capital punishment for the crime of intentional killing only.”
According to the State news agency of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Korean Central News Agency, Jang Song Thaek was arrested and expelled from the Worker’s Party of Korea on 8 December and executed on 12 December 2013, after being indicted by the military tribunal established by the Ministry of State Security.
The experts concerns have also been endorsed by the Special Rapporteur on torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment, Juan E. Méndez.
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