Albania

Order of Council of Ministers No. 366 of 5 October 1991 "For the creation of Import-Export Enterprise under the Ministry of Defence".

The Ministry of Defence controls the export-import of military goods and technology through MEICO (Military Export Import Company), a public enterprise under the Albanian Ministry of Defence in compliance with the respective decisions of the Albanian

 

 

Criminal Code of the Republic of Albania, No. 7895, 27 January 1995, Article 234

Article 234 on producing military weapons.  Provides penalties for the production, storage, transportation of military, chemical, biological, nuclear weapons which have poisonous or explosive base, with the intent of committing acts of terrorism from 5  to 15  years of imprisonment.

 

 

Penal Code of the Albanian Republic Law No. 7895, 27 January 1995, Article 202

The transportation and disposal of toxic and radioactive waste is sentenced up to 5 years in prison.  When this act causes damage to peoples' lives it is sentenced up to 15 years in prison.

 

 

Penal Code of the Republic of Albania, No. 7895, 27 January 1995, Article 232

Article 232 on Delivering dangerous substances      Delivery in the air, land or water of substances harmful to the life and health of people and animals, with the intent of seriously disturbing public order and instilling uncertainty to the public is sentenced from 10-20 years imprisonment.

 

 

Penal Code of the Republic of Albania, No. 7895, 27 January 1995, Article 281 on Breach of rules on poisonous substances

Article 281 on Breach of rules on poisonous substances    A breach of the rules on the keeping, manufacturing, storing, using, transporting, and selling poisonous substances with strong effect will be punished with a fine or up to 2 years imprisonment.  When the act leads to death, serious harm to the health of people or other serious material consequences, it is sentenced with a fine or up to 10 years imprisonment.

 

 

Decision No. 604 of 28 August 2003

Government of the Republic of Albania has approved in principle the EU Code of Conduct

 

 

Decision No. 248 of 30 April 2004

Government of the Republic of Albania has approved the Albanian membership to Wassenar Arrangement

 

 

Algeria

Ordinance No. 66.156 of 8 June 1966

amended the Penal Code to reflect new realities and the development of terrorist activities at national and transnational levels, with a view to incorporating in the definition the following terrorist acts: - Any person who possesses, obtains, carries, markets, imports, exports, manufactures, repairs or utilizes prohibited weapons, ammunition or explosives without authorization from the competent authority. Implementation of counter-terrorism measures, placing under police custody, nature of the punishments imposed for acts of terrorism and terrorist activities

http://www.algeria-watch.de/mrv/mrvrap/extrait_code_penal.htm

 

Interministerial Decree on the Procedures for Control of Hazardous Substances, 5 November 1989

No Description Available

 

 

Legislative Decree No. 93-05 of 9 April 1993

Defines the remit of the public authorities with regard to the sanctioning of terrorist acts.

 

 

Decree No. 93/16 of 4 December 1993

Decree No. 93/16 of 4 December 1993 on the secure storage and transport of sensitive material. Algeria also undertakes not to transfer to any recipient whatsoever and not in any way to assist, encourage or induce any State or other entity to manufacture or acquire the above-mentioned agents or toxins.

 

 

Ordinance No. 95.11 of 25 February 1995

amended the Penal Code to reflect new realities and the development of terrorist activities at national and transnational levels, with a view to incorporating in the definition the following terrorist acts: - Any person who possesses, obtains, carries, markets, imports, exports, manufactures, repairs or utilizes prohibited weapons, ammunition or explosives without authorization from the competent authority. Implementation of counter-terrorism measures, placing under police custody, nature of the punishments imposed for acts of terrorism and terrorist activities

http://www.algeria-watch.de/mrv/mrvrap/extrait_code_penal.htm

 

Executive Decree No. 02-01 of 6 January 2002

establishes general regulations for the operation and security of ports which lays down in particular conditions for the entry and exit of vessels.

 

 

Decree No. 03/451 of 1 December 2003

Defines the security regulations applicable to activities involving hazardous substances and chemicals. Several implementing regulations are envisaged.

 

 

Andorra

Penal Code, Art. 127

In the area of biological and chemical weapons, article 127 of the new Penal Code criminalizes the use of genetic technology to produce biological weapons. Any attempt or conspiracy to engage in such use is likewise criminalized. Article 266 punishes the trafficking and stockpiling of chemical and biological weapons: “1. The production, development, marketing, possession, transfer or stockpiling of chemical or biological weapons or related munitions shall be punished by imprisonment for 6 to 12 years. 2. Possession of more than one of any such weapons or munitions, even if disassembled, shall be considered as stockpiling of chemical or biological weapons; holding of any weapon or munition, even if disassembled, shall be considered as possession. Marketing shall include acquisition as well as sale, import or export. 3. Any research or study of a scientific or technical nature aimed at the creation of a new chemical weapon or the modification of an existing weapon shall be considered as development of chemical or biological weapons. 4. Any weapon so defined by the international treaties and conventions to which Andorra is a party shall be considered as a chemical or biological weapon. 5. Any person using chemical or biological weapons or initiating military preparations for that purpose shall be punished by imprisonment for 15 to 20 years, without prejudice to penalties which may be imposed pursuant to other provisions of the Code. 6. Attempts to commit such offences shall be punishable.”

 

 

Penal Code, Art. 99

Under article 99 bis of the Penal Code, any person who illicitly imports or exports or who traffics in the sensitive goods defined in article 1 of the Sensitive Materials Control Act of 4 March 1999 in an amount equal to or greater than 1 million pesetas (6,000 euros) shall incur a prison sentence of up to two years and a fine of 5 million pesetas (€30,000), the latter being no less than the value of the goods.

 

 

Penal Code, Art. 23

Article 23 of the Penal Code deals with complicity. An accomplice is an individual who is not the perpetrator of a crime but who knowingly cooperates in the execution of the criminal act by prior or simultaneous actions. Prior or simultaneous acts or omissions designed to knowingly assist the perpetrator(s) of the offence are punished as complicity, unless they themselves constitute a separate offence punishable by a more severe penalty.

 

 

Penal Code, Art. 262

Article 262 of the new Penal Code criminalizes violations of safety standards posing a specific threat to persons. An individual who, when producing, handling, transporting, possessing or marketing materials, residues, devices, organisms or hazardous substances, violates established safety standards and endangers the life or health of persons is liable to up to two years’ imprisonment.

 

 

General Health Act of 20 March 1989

There are strict controls on the creation, opening and operation of any installation or establishment producing biological substances or medical or laboratory equipment or material, or other articles for medical use, which are subject to the quality standards required by the relevant international bodies. The General Health Act of 20 March 1989 establishes a procedure for the issue of authorizations, ensuring that the aforementioned products comply with the standards of effectiveness, tolerance, purity and stability and information requirements established by international scientific best practices. The Government may require prior individual authorization or the approval of a particular product for distribution, and may conduct a health inspection, inter alia, of potentially dangerous chemicals or biological products. The labelling, presentation, preservation, storage, handling, marketing and transport of these health products are also regulated by the Government. Under this Act, the Government may establish a requirement for physical and legal persons to obtain prior authorization for activities related to the import, export or distribution of medicines and other health products.

 

 

Sensitive Materials Control Act, 4 March 1999

The Sensitive Materials Control Act, the aim of which is to put a stop to all illicit activities in the area of sensitive materials, provides for appropriate monitoring so that acts which constitute misdemeanours or serious offences under customs law may at the same time receive prior verification and investigation by the Administration, and be penalized a posteriori pursuant to the appropriate rules of law.To that end, the Act defines as “sensitive” any materials which may constitute a danger to health or public safety or may be the object of international smuggling or a clandestine market.The same instrument also defines all the conditions and obligations to be complied with by a person wishing to engage in any activity involving goods considered as sensitive, as well as possible commercial activities which involve dealing in sensitive goods, such as manufacturing, import, distribution, retailing, transportation or storage of such goods.Persons engaging in such activities are required to hold an official authorization to handle sensitive goods, and to record such transactions in a register of invoices issued or received and of stocks, which is essential in order to give the greatest possible transparency to all the aforementioned operations. Lastly, the Sensitive Materials Control Act defines and regulates offences and administrative penalties, and introduces an additional provision which establishes the concept of the “economic group” in order to cover all situations which may relate to trafficking or trading in sensitive goods.

 

 

Act on Industrial Safety and Quality of 22 June 2000

That Act seeks to prevent and limit risks and establish effective safeguards against incidents or accidents which may occur during an industrial activity and which could endanger the life of persons or cause damage to facilities. Safety procedures must be followed at all stages of industrial activity, from production to use, including the storage and transport of industrial products, in accordance with article 6 of the Act.

 

 

Antigua and Barbuda

The Biological Weapons Act, Chapter 52

Implementing the Convention through legal deinitions, prohibition of activities, conditions for prosecution, offences by corporate bodies, arrests without warrant and powers to search and obtain evidence.

http://www.laws.gov.ag/acts/chapters/cap-52.pdf

 

Argentina

Penal Code, Art. 200

Sanctions with imprisonment from 3-10 years any person who poisons or alters in any dangerous way, drinking water or any food supply destined for public use.  If death is caused by the crime, the punishment will be imprisonment from 10-25 years.

 

 

Penal Code, Art. 211

He who, wanting to cause public fear or raise tumults or disorder, were to take action in causing alarm or would use other means to cause fear, will be sentenced from 2-6 years of imprisonment.  If he uses explosives, aggressive chemicals, biological or bacteriological in nature, and if the crime does not constitute one against public safety, he will be sentenced from 7-15 years of imprisonment.

 

 

Act No. 28398

Grants that the Argentine Coastguard is the agency responsible for detaining, investigating and seizing shipments suspected of containing weapons of mass destruction

 

 

More Information on Relevant Argentinian Norms

For more information on the Argeninian norms in the areas of diseases, biotechnology, regional norms, dangerous waste, public health, blood, animal and plant sanitation, and hygine and security of work and transport see the Country section for Argentina.

 

 

Penal Code, (Chapter I) Article 80

Sentences anyone who kills (or attemtpts ot kill) another with malice, poison or in any other insidious way to life imprisonment.

 

 

SENASA Resolution No. 42

Implements measures for the prevention of the introduction of BSE into Argentina and prohibits the import of foods that contain meats, trifles, viscera and by-products of ruminant origin coming from a variety of European countries.

 

 

SENASA Resolution No. 462

Orders the destruction of residual and organic wastes of animal or vegetable origin coming from abroad.

 

 

Law No. 154 of the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires

Regulates the creation, manipulation, stockpiling, recollection, transport, and treatment of all pathogenic residues.

 

 

Resolution No. 3404 on the City of Mendoza

Corresponds to the Manual on Biosafety Regulations for Health Institutions.

 

 

Penal Code, (Chapter IV) Article 202

Sentences anyone who voluntarily spreads a dangerous or infectious disease with 3-15 years imprisonment.

 

 

Law No. 24305

Sets the law on foot and mouth disease.

 

 

Penal Code, (Chapter IV) Article 200

Sanctions with imprisonment from 3-10 years any person who poisons or alters in any dangerous way, drinking water or any food supply destined for public use.  If death is caused by the crime, the punishment will be imprisonment from 10-25 years.

 

 

Law No. 22990 on Public Health

Prohibits the commercialisation and profit from production, preparation, stockpiling, conservation, distribution, supply, transport, import and export of human blood and all its components and derivatives.

 

 

 Guidelines for Testing Genetically Modified Plants

No Description Available

 

 

Law No. 24425

Incorporates into Argentinean legislation the Agreement for Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary measures of the World Trade Organisation.

 

 

Regulation IRAM 80058-2 on the Transport of Biological Material

Establishes a contingency plan for the transport and manipulation of biological materials.

 

 

SAGyP Resolutions No. 656/92, No. 837/93, and No. 289/97

Establishes that the Secretary of Agriculture, Livestock, Fisheries and Food is the competent authority for the issuing of this licence for experimentation on and/or release into the environment of Genetically Modified Plant Organisms, relying on the previous opinion from the National Agricultural Biotechnology Advisory Committee (CONABIA).

 

 

Penal Code, (Chapter IV) Article 211 (Planned amendment)

Will set out the following:  he who, wanting to cause public fear or raise tumults or disorder, were to take action in causing alarm or would use other means to cause fear, will be sentenced from 2-6 years of imprisonment.  If he uses explosives, aggressive chemicals, biological or bacteriological in nature, and if the crime does not constitute one against public safety, he will be sentenced from 7-15 years of imprisonment.

 

 

Law No. 21988

Implements the BWC which was ratified by Argentina on 7 February 1979.

 

 

Regulations for laboratories set by the department of Hygiene and Security

No Description Available

 

 

Law No. 2268, 1888

Provides for controls on contagious and exotic illnesses and prohibits the import into the country of any animal that suffers from an infectious disease.

 

 

Law No. 3959, 1906

Establishes the general regulations for the sanitary police for animals.

 

 

Veterinary Products Law. Manufacturing and Trading Controls. No. 13.636/49, 1949

No Description Available

 

 

Decree-Law on Health Protection of Farm Products No. 6704/66 and its amendments, 1966

No Description Available

 

 

Seeds and Phytogenetic Products Law No. 20247/73 and its Regulatory Decree, 1973

No Description Available

 

 

Law No. 20.429, 21 May 1973 on Arms and Explosives

The acquisition, use, possession, transfer, transport, introduction into the country and export of fire arms or any other device, chemical substances and any material that is classified as War Material, gun powder, explosives, arms and munitions, are subject to this law.

#http://infoleg.mecon.gov.ar/txtnorma/19953.htm#

 

Decree No. 395 on the National Law of Weapons and Explosives, 1975

Section 3 classifies poisoned projectiles as war material.

 

 

Law No. 19587 and Decree No. 35, 1979 on Hygiene and Security in the Workplace

Article 145Requires establishments where infectious substances are created and manipulated to follow the prescriptions within the law.

 

 

Act No. 22415 of 2 March 1981 on Smuggling

Article 863 Imposes a penalty of six to eight years’ imprisonment on anyone who, through any act or omission, by plotting or deceit, impedes or obstructs the proper discharge of the functions, which the customs services are required by law to perform in monitoring imports and exports

http://infoleg.mecon.gov.ar/

 

SENASA Resolution No. 403, 1983

Prohibits the entry into Argentina of vegetables with soil residue, potted plants and bulbs and tubers marred with dirt.

 

 

Ordinance No. 1097, 1985

Authorizes the relevant body to grant export licenses.

 

 

Decision No. 233/1986

On general regulations for the transport of hazardous material, as amended by decision No. 195/1997, decision No. 208/1999 and decision No. 20/2000.

 

 

Ordinance No. 01 of 1990 “Notification to be presented in advance of the arrival or departure of ships transporting hazardous goods”

Coastguard stations in whose jurisdiction there are ports that handle hazardous goods take cognizance of such shipments in advance and authorize them upon presentation of a declaration with a list, drawn up in a specific format, of all the hazardous goods in the shipment, whether intended for entry, exit or transit. Its checks include verification of whether the goods are packed, marked and labelled in accordance with the provisions of the International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code.

 

 

Act No. 23992 of 18 September 1991

Approves the Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal.

http://infoleg.mecon.gov.ar/

 

Act No. 24059 of 8 December 1991

Governs border controls on domestic security

http://infoleg.mecon.gov.ar/

 

Law No. 24051 on Dangerous Wastes, 17 January 1992

Deals with the safe production, handling, transportation, treatment and final disposal of dangerous wastes. Contents: creation of a National Register of Producers and Handlers of Dangerous Wastes, and the requirements of information to be submitted to this Register by enterprises that produce, transport, treat, or dispose of dangerous wastes; responsibilities; enforcement. In annex: detailed lists of dangerous wastes (by category and definition); codes for dangerous properties; definition of disposal operations; definition of operations that may lead to recycling and other forms of resource recuperation.  Establishes punishment of 3-10 years imprisonment for deliberate contamination of the water, soil, or atmosphere or for putting in risk the quality of life of the population, bio-diversity, and eco-system.

#http://www.cepis.ops-oms.org/eswww/fulltext/repind45/contribu/contribu.html#

 

Decree No. 1273 of 1992

To implement regulations contained in Act No. 25 520 of 6 December 2001on national intelligence

 

 

Law No. 24061, 8 January 1992 on Dangerous Residues

Article 3Prohibits the import, introduction and transport of all kinds of residues coming from other countries into the national territory, its air and sea space.

 

 

Decree No. 603, 9 April 1992

Implements a regime of control for sensitive exports and war material by creating the National Commission for the Control of Sensitive Exports and War Material. A list of biological material denounced by the Australia Group is utilized by this National Commission. An import certificate form must be authorized in every case by the National Commission for the Control of Sensitive Exports and War

 

 

Law No. 24051 on Dangerous Wastes, 17 January 1992 (Amended by Law 25612)

Deals with the safe production, handling, transportation, treatment and final disposal of dangerous wastes. Contents: creation of a National Register of Producers and Handlers of Dangerous Wastes, and the requirements of information to be submitted to this Register by enterprises that produce, transport, treat, or dispose of dangerous wastes; responsibilities; enforcement. In annex: detailed lists of dangerous wastes (by category and definition); codes for dangerous properties; definition of disposal operations; definition of operations that may lead to recycling and other forms of resource recuperation.

 

 

Resolution No. 228 on Public Health, 1993

Establishes biosafety norms for health establishments under the auspices of the National Program of the Fight Against HIV and AIDS and sets biosafety recommendations for laboratories that work with biological materials.

 

 

Ordinance No. 1291, 1993

Provides to the Commission on Control of Sensitive Exports and War Materials the authority to grant import certificates and establishes a more responsive mechanism for the updating of the control lists.

 

 

Resolution No. 349 on Public Health, 1994

Establishes the national technical regulations on the handling of bio-pathological residues in health units.

 

 

Act No. 24376 of 21 October 1994

Approves the International Plant Protection Convention.

 

 

Act No. 24449 23 December 1994

Transport of hazardous materials

 

 

Decision No. 720 of 1995

On the list of hazardous materials.

 

 

Decree No. 779 of 1995

On the regulation of road traffic. Governs the transportation of hazardous materials. Establishes the penalties applicable to persons who infringe existing rules, including specific enactments such as those relating to the National Directorate of Military Manufacturing, the Department of Fuel, the National Atomic Energy Commission, the Department of Natural Resources and the Environment, among others. Annex S regulating Act No. 24449 of 23 December 1994

 

 

Decision No. 219 of 1995

Within the Department of Agriculture, Livestock, Fishing and Food, the Division for the Coordination of Pharmacological, Veterinary and Food Products for Animals oversees the authorization of facilities that prepare and store biological products, with a view to preventing some of the diseases included in the lists. These facilities are subject to inspection by the National Animal Health Directorate. The viruses in question are handled under biosafety conditions that are regulated by this decision. Registries of qualified laboratories are maintained by the National Service for Health and Agro-food Quality (SENASA).

 

 

Decree No. 657 of 1995

Empowers the National Commission for the Control of Sensitive Exports and Military Materiel (CONCESYMB) require an end-user certificate before issuing either the export licence or the import certificate, in order to ensure that the goods to be transferred cannot be used for proliferation. The legislation expressly stipulates that requirement for sales of military materiel, but the Commission also requires it for sensitive materials and dual-use goods.

 

 

Decree No. 1628, 1996

Sets forth the primary activities and responsibilities of the National Centre for Biological Quality Control.

 

 

Resolution No. 328 on Public Health, 1996

Approves the guidelines referred to in the Technical Guide of Sample Taking, Conservation and Shipping of Samples for Viral Diagnoses.

 

 

Ordinance No. 1585, 1996

Establishes the National Service of Sanitation and Agricultural Quality (SENASA) whose role is to control the federal traffic, imports and exports of the products and by-products derived from animal and vegetable origin, agricultural products and agrochemical fertilizers.  Also  provide for sanctions and penalties for violations of the law.

 

 

Decision No. 110 of 1997

Decision No. 110 of 1997 of the Department of Transportation incorporates the compulsory basic training programme for drivers of vehicles used in the transport of dangerous goods by road.

 

 

Decision No. 195 of 1997

 Incorporates the technical standards for ground transport.

 

 

Resolution No. 289 of 1997 (as revised by Resolution No. 57 of 2003)

Regulates licences for experimenting on, and releasing genetically modified organisms in the area of biotechnology.

 

 

Decree No. 200, 1997

Prohibits cloning experiments involving humans.

 

 

MERCOSUR Council Decision No. 8/97

Regime on offences and penalties on the facilitation of transport of dangerous goods.

 

 

Ministry of Defence Resolution 145/98, 22 January 1998

Replaces the list of Part I of Annex B of Decree No. 603 of 1992 with a new list. Articles 2-4 of the resolution amend the list to make it applicable to biological dual-use equipment.

 

 

SAGPyA Resolution No. 131/98, 1998

Establishes that Authorizations apply to: (1) laboratory - greenhouse tests; (2) field trials and (3) pre- commercial reproduction of the material.

 

 

SAGPyA Regulation No. 511/98

Reviews the following safety criteria to assess GMOs that will be used as food or feed: (1) Natural toxins, (2) New forms of toxins, (3) Homology of the newly expressed proteins with other known allergens, (4) Nutritional changes, (5) Nutritional changes and nutritional characterization resulting from processing methods, (6) Modifications in the bioavailability of macronutrients and/or micronutrients, (7) Characterization of the modified foodstuff with regard to its safety for human and animal health.

 

 

Law No. 23709, October 1998

Approves the Statute on the International Center of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (ICGEB) and the protocol for the second session of the meeting of plenipotentiary on the creation of the ICGEB.

 

 

Combined Resolution No. 125, 1998

Incorporates into the control of exports and imports, chemical substances, chemical equipment, biological agents, pathogens of plants, animals, GMOs, and equipment of dual biological use included in the lists of the Australia Group.

 

 

Resolution No. 19 on Public Health, 1998

Approves the guidelines for alert and notification of labour accidents involving the risk of infection by sanguine pathogens of health personnel.

 

 

Resolution No. 505/1998

Include guidelines on inspections and procedures and on procedures for laboratories in the national department of health and agro-food quality.

 

 

Resolution No. 208 of 1999

Adopted by the Department of Transportation Article 1 Supplements the legislation on the transport of hazardous materials under the MERCOSUR Council Decision No. 8/97.

 

 

Resolution No. 531 of 1999

Include guidelines on inspections and procedures and on procedures for laboratories in the national department of health and agro-food quality.

 

 

Resolution No. 295 of 1999

Lists the goods of animal or vegetable origin that may enter the country through the transit of persons and/or accompanied luggage.

 

 

Law No. 25086, 11 May 1999, which modifies law No. 20429 on the National Law of Arms and Explosives

Article 189He who, provides, acquires, removes or had in his power bombs, machines able to release nuclear energy, explosive, inflammable, asphyxiating or toxic substances or materials destined  to their preparation, will be incarcerated from 5 to 15 years. He who has in his possession War Material will be incarcerated from 4 to 10 years.

#http://infoleg.mecon.gov.ar/txtnorma/57552.htm#

 

SENASA Resolution No. 799, 1999

Establishes the National System for Sanitary Emergencies.

 

 

Resolution No. 636/1999

Establishes the rules and procedures regulating the health controls for passengers and luggage.

 

 

Decision No. 2676 of 1999

Establishes standards for the authorization of facilities engaged in the manufacture, fractionation, distribution, sale, import and export of products for in vitro diagnosis and research.

 

 

Act No. 25127 of 4 August 1999

Establishes the legal regime for ecological, biological or organic production, and is regulated by Decree No. 87/2001.

http://infoleg.mecon.gov.ar/

 

Resolution No. 54, 1998 and Resolution No. 481, 1999

Establishes an authority in charge of controlling the export of blood (serum and plasma) with the authority of using diagnostics and medical services.

 

 

Regulation IRAM 80059, 2000 on the Classification of Microorganisms According to Security Requirements

No Description Available

 

 

Ordinance No. 437, 2000

Incorporates into Ordinance No. 603/92 its controls on the list of warlike material that is established under the Wassenaar Agreement, of which Argentina is party.  The same Ordinance adds to annex E a list of dual-use materials and dual-use technology.

 

 

Resolution No. 617 of 2000

Sets out regulations for biological and chemical trials, together with the requirements, conditions and procedures for their implementation, and requires the submission of reports on tests conducted on phytosanitary waste products.

 

 

Resolution No. 299 of 2000

Sets out procedures for the control of persons, accompanied luggage and vehicles at points of entry into the Republic, with a view to keeping out disease producers.

 

 

Resolution No. 25/2000

on the transport of infectious substances Supplemented by decision No. 145/2003

 

 

Decision No. 20, 2000

Amends decision No. 233/1986 on general regulations for the transport of hazardous material

http://infoleg.mecon.gov.ar/

 

Resolution No. 1442 of 2000

Establishes a technical committee on border and federal trade controls, responsible for strengthening, streamlining and stepping up monitoring and oversight functions within border and federal trade controls.

 

 

Law No. 25241 on Terrorist Acts, 15 March 2000

Article 1It is considered a terrorist action when a member or members of an illicit group cause harm and terror by using explosive or inflammable substances or any arm or a high offensive power.

#http://infoleg.mecon.gov.ar/txtnorma/62516.htm#

 

Resolution No. 87 of 2001

Regulates the legal regime for ecological, biological or organic production.

 

 

Act No. 25520 of 6 December 2001

n national intelligence The implementing regulations are contained in decrees Nos. 1273/1992 and 950/2002, respectively. The Domestic Security Department within the Ministry of the Interior handles matters related to sounding the alert and instituting precautionary measures specifically in regard to chemical, biological and nuclear materials.

http://www.infoleg.gov.ar/

 

Regulations of the City of Buenos Aires on the Procedures for dealing with victims of exposure to biological and chemical weapons, 2001

No Description Available

 

 

Decree No. 1235, 5 October 2001

Requires all the bodies of the executive branch, national organs, provinces, municipalities and the Autonomous Government of the City of Buenos Aires to adopt in all their respective jurisdictions the necessary measures to implement what is set out in UN Security Council Resolution 1373.

 

 

SENASA Resolution No. 501, 2001

Approves the Border Manual that sets sanitary guidelines for border businesses to prevent the introduction of exotic illnesses, infected animals and plagues.

 

 

SENASA Resolution No. 498, 2001

Establishes a plan for poultry farm improvements.

 

 

Decree No. 690, 2002

Implements the common nomenclature of MERCOSUR (1995).

 

 

Resolution No. 488/2002

Establishes a system for preventive action whenever animal or plant health, or agro-food quality, has been compromised, with a resulting risk to human health. The decision authorizes the closure of facilities and the confiscation of materials, and its scope includes trade at the federal level.

http://infoleg.mecon.gov.ar/

 

SENASA Resolution No. 882, 2002

Creates a program for the control and prevention of micoplasmosis and salmonellas.

 

 

Resolution No. 895 of 2002

Sets out the national plan to prevent the introduction of waste-borne plagues and diseases.

 

 

Resolution No. 142 of 2002

Lists the laboratories authorized as manufacturers with regard to vaccines for foot-and-mouth disease.

 

 

Decree  950 of 2002

To implement regulations contained in Act No. 25 520 of 6 December 200 on national intelligence

 

 

Act No. 25612 of 3 July 2002

Act No. 25612 of 3 July 2002 on Integrated management of industrial waste Establishes the minimum environmental protection budgets for the integrated management of all waste of industrial origin and from the services sector which is generated throughout the national territory by industrial processes or service activities.

http://infoleg.mecon.gov.ar/

 

SENASA Resolution No. 834, 2002

Approves the national program on the control and eradication of classical swinish pest in the Argentinean Republic.

 

 

Resolution No. 650 on Public Health, 2002

Approves the Guide for Sample Taking, Conservation, and Transport for Toxicological Analyses, incorporating it into the National Program of Medical Standards.

 

 

SENASA Resolution No. 412, 2002

Establishes new evaluation criteria for foods derived from GMOs.

 

 

Resolution No. 145 on Public Health, 2003

Approves the Technical Regulation for the Transport of Infectious substances and samples for diagnoses, incorporating it into the regulations currently in force.

 

 

Resolution No. 98 of 2003

Regulates the operations of laboratories performing diagnostic tests on major nursery plants and/or their parts.

 

 

Regulation IRAM 80058-1, 2003 on Biosafety, Diagnoses and Ground Transport of Biological Material

No Description Available

 

 

Resolution No. 145 on Public Health, 2003

Approves the Technical Regulation for the transport of infectious substances and samples for diagnoses, incorporating it into the regulations currently in force.

 

 

Resolution No. 57 of 2003

Revises Resolution No. 289 of 1997. Regulates licences for experimenting on, and releasing genetically modified organisms in the area of biotechnology.

 

 

Resolution No. 55 of 2003

Regulates the accreditation of laboratories engaged in testing and quality control.

 

 

Resolution No. 251 of 2003

Sets out measures for updating regulations with a view to ensuring that the foot-and-mouth disease vaccine banks’  vaccines remain effective.  (See Resolution No. 213 of 1996.)

 

 

Resolution No. 422 of August 2003

Provides for SENASA (National Service for Health and Agro-food Quality) to adapt domestic procedures to international laws governing systems for the notification of animal diseases, epidemiological monitoring and continuous epidemiological follow-up, risk analysis and health emergencies, in accordance with a regulatory provision governing all aspects of efforts to protect against and combat diseases.

http://infoleg.mecon.gov.ar/

 

Armenia

Government Enactment No. 121 on Matters of Export Control of Primary Products, Materials, Equipment, Technologies, and Services

No Description Available

 

 

Government Enactment No. 537 on the Establishment of Export Controls on Primary Products, Materials, Equipment, Technologies, and

Establishes the export control system basic structure including special export licensing and permission.

 

 

Presidential Decree No. 227, 1 May 1993

Establishes the Commission on Export Control under the Cabinet of Ministers.

 

 

Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers No. 391, 28 July 1993

Approves the rules and regulations of the commission, its membership and the membership of the group of experts under the

 

 

List of Materials, Substances, Equipment and Dual-use Technologies Export of Which Must be Licensed, 27 September 1993

Contains an itemized export control list of dual-used technologies including bacteriological and poisonous weapons-related, as well as rocket weapons-related. Refers to criminal law for the penalty of illegal export of any of the items contained in the list, which envisages 3 to 8 years of imprisonment.

 

 

Cabinet of Ministers Resolution No. 487, 27 September 1993

Adopts in compliance with Minsk Agreement a four part list of dual-use items and technologies requiring a licence for export, capable of being used for the production of inter alias biological and toxin weapons, and missile systems.

 

 

Customs Code of January 1, 2001 (amended on July 1, 2003)

The Customs Committee and the National Security Service of the Republic of Armenia are the lead agencies bearing the responsibility for preventing the import and export of unlicensed goods, investigating offences, and taking appropriate action. In all cases considered for prosecution, the Customs Committee is bound to act in accordance with the Customs Code. The Export Control Commission provides a methodological support to the companies in establishing the export control internal compliance programme by exporters and shipping companies.

 

 

The Law of the Republic of Armenia on the Struggle against Terrorism, September 2001

No Description Available

 

 

Law of September 24, 2003

On Export control of dual-use items and technologies and its transit across the territory of the Republic of Armenia. Replaced existing export control powers and all former Governmental decrees that were regulating the export control related issues. Envisages the establishment of the Export Control Commission, responsible for issuing the permission or denial for exporting the dual use items and technologies; developing of the export control mechanisms and its improvement; creating new control list; organizing the deliberations with the participation of concerned ministries and agencies on each request, connected with dual-use item and technology; registering the exporters; providing the information to the exporters and industry on recent developments with regard to export control legislation and international non- proliferation regimes as well as for the receiving of notifications about the transit of dual use items and technologies across the territory of the country.

 

 

Criminal Code of 18 April 2003 (entered into force on 2 August 2003)

Criminalizes the actions prohibited by WMD non-proliferation related treaties, establishing, inter alia, the extraterritorial jurisdiction for relevant crimes and determining the criminal responsibility also for different forms of complicity. Articles 14 and 15 Territorial and extra-territorial jurisdiction. Article 386 (Section 13, Chapter 33 - Crimes against peace and security), on «Manufacture or proliferation of mass destruction weapons» Prohibits the development, production, acquiring or selling of WMD, which envisages from 4 to 8 years of imprisonment. Article 215 prohibits the smuggling of nuclear, chemical, biological or other mass destruction weapons, or dual-use materials, devices, or technologies which can also be used for the creation or use of mass destruction weapons or missile delivery systems thereof. This article provides, as sanction, the imprisonment from 4 to 8 years with confiscation of property or without it. Article 217 Defines terrorism and, if it is accompanied with use of weapon of mass destruction, radioactive materials or with a threat to use other means causing mass losses, is punished with imprisonment for the term of 10 to15 years.

 

 

Government Decree No. 212-N of 19 February 2004 .

Establishes the rules and composition of the Export Control Commission.

 

 

Governmental Decree No. 765-N of 20 May 2004 .

On rules and procedures for inspection of controlled items and technologies by experts.

 

 

Australia

Security Sensitive Biological Agents Standards

The SSBA Standards set out minimum requirements relating to physical security, information management, decontamination and inactivation, disposal and transport of SSBAs, and the security status of individuals handling SSBAs. They include specific directions for dealing with Biosecurity risks and establish a systematic approach to the management of the security of SSBAs. The SSBA Standards are comprised of normative requirements that are mandatory and informative statements to assist in meeting the normative statements.

 

 

Guidelines to prevent the inadvertent supply of biological weapons-applicable plant, equipment source cultures and expertise

The guidelines are a non-statutory, non-proliferation measure, developed by the Department of Foreign Affaris and Trade, to raise the awarness of industry and researchers about the risks of inadvertent involvment in the biological weapons programs of other countries. The guidlelines have been circulated to biological industry, universities, relevant professional associations and government agencies.

 

 

Agricultural and Veterinary Chemicals Code Act

Controls the microbial production of veterinary pharmaceuticals and products, including vaccines for sale or distribution for implementation at the State level.  Administered federally by Agriculture Forestry and Fisheries Australia (AFFA).

 

 

Agricultural and Veterinary Chemicals Code Regulations

Implements the Agricultural and Veterinary Chemicals Code Act.

 

 

Customs (Prohibited Exports) Regulations

Requires exporters to obtain a license before proceeding to export certain listed items.  Notes that the Ministry for Defense controls the export of defense and related goods from Australia through a system of export licenses

http://www.brad.ac.uk/acad/sbtwc/btwc/nat_imp/leg_reg/aus/cacr.pdf#http://www.brad.ac.uk/acad/sbtwc/btwc/nat_imp/leg_reg/aus/cacr.pdf#

 

Customs Act 1901

Requires exporters to obtain a license before proceeding to export certain listed items.  Notes that the Ministry for Defense controls the export of defense and related goods from Australia through a system of export licenses

http://www.brad.ac.uk/acad/sbtwc/btwc/nat_imp/leg_reg/aus/cacr.pdf#http://www.brad.ac.uk/acad/sbtwc/btwc/nat_imp/leg_reg/aus/cacr.pdf#

 

Quarantine Act 1908

Aims to prevent the introduction into Australia of serious pests and diseases affecting humans, plants and animals. The Act controls rather than prohibits the import into Australia of all biological material.

http://www.brad.ac.uk/acad/sbtwc/btwc/nat_imp/leg_reg/aus/qar.pdf#http://www.brad.ac.uk/acad/sbtwc/btwc/nat_imp/leg_reg/aus/qar.pdf#

 

Quarantine Regulations

Aims to prevent the introduction into Australia of serious pests and diseases affecting humans, plants and animals. The Act controls rather than prohibits the import into Australia of all biological material.

http://www.brad.ac.uk/acad/sbtwc/btwc/nat_imp/leg_reg/aus/qar.pdf#http://www.brad.ac.uk/acad/sbtwc/btwc/nat_imp/leg_reg/aus/qar.pdf#

 

Customs (Prohibited Imports) Regulations, 1956

Controls the import of prohibited weapons, strategic goods, dangerous goods, chemicals and chemical compounds (CWC), biological and radioactive agents.

 

 

Customs (Prohibited Exports) Regulations 1958

Controls the export of prohibited defence and strategic goods, arms or related materiel, dual-use goods and equipment and radioactive substances listed on Australia’s Defence and Strategic Goods List (DSGL)

 

 

Crimes (Biological Weapons) Act 1976

Makes it unlawful for Australians to develop, produce stockpile or otherwise acquire or retain microbial or other biological agents or toxins whatever their origin or method of production, of types and in quantities that have no justification for prophylactic, protective or other peaceful purposes; or weapons, equipment or means of delivery designed to use such agents or toxins for hostile purposes or in armed conflict.

http://www.brad.ac.uk/acad/sbtwc/btwc/nat_imp/leg_reg/aus/cbwa.pdf#http://www.brad.ac.uk/acad/sbtwc/btwc/nat_imp/leg_reg/aus/cbwa.pdf#

 

Crimes (Biological Weapons) Regulations 1980

Specifies the way in which substances covered by the regulations should be stored, disposed of and analyzed.

http://www.brad.ac.uk/acad/sbtwc/btwc/nat_imp/leg_reg/aus/cbwr.pdf#http://www.brad.ac.uk/acad/sbtwc/btwc/nat_imp/leg_reg/aus/cbwr.pdf#

 

Biological Control Regulations

Provides powers additional to those of the Quarantine Act in order to regulate the release of biological agents for the control of pests, diseases and weeds.

http://www.brad.ac.uk/acad/sbtwc/btwc/nat_imp/leg_reg/aus/bcar.pdf#http://www.brad.ac.uk/acad/sbtwc/btwc/nat_imp/leg_reg/aus/bcar.pdf#

 

Biological Control Act 1984

Provides powers additional to those of the Quarantine Act in order to regulate the release of biological agents for the control of pests, diseases and weeds.

http://www.brad.ac.uk/acad/sbtwc/btwc/nat_imp/leg_reg/aus/bcar.pdf#http://www.brad.ac.uk/acad/sbtwc/btwc/nat_imp/leg_reg/aus/bcar.pdf#

 

Therapeutic Goods Regulations, 1989

Implements the corresponding Act which covers the import and export of therapeutic goods and includes pathogenic microorganisms where in vaccines for human use.  The Department of Human Services and Health regulates therapeutic goods for human use under this

http://www.brad.ac.uk/acad/sbtwc/btwc/nat_imp/leg_reg/aus/tgar.pdf

 

Hazardous Waste (Regulation of Exports and Imports) Act 1989

Implementing legislation for the Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal.  Regulates the export, import and transit of hazardous waste (including infectious substances containing viable microbes or their toxins which are known or suspected to cause disease in animals or humans) to ensure that exported, imported or transited waste is managed in an environmentally sound manner so that human beings and the environment, both within and outside Australia, are protected from the harmful effects of the waste.

 

 

Therapeutic Goods Regulations

Covers the import and export of therapeutic goods and includes pathogenic microorganisms where in vaccines for human use.  The Department of Human Services and Health regulates therapeutic goods for human use under this Act.

http://www.brad.ac.uk/acad/sbtwc/btwc/nat_imp/leg_reg/aus/tgar.pdf#http://www.brad.ac.uk/acad/sbtwc/btwc/nat_imp/leg_reg/aus/tgar.pdf#

 

Therapeutic Goods Act 1989

Covers the import and export of therapeutic goods and includes pathogenic microorganisms where in vaccines for human use.  The Department of Human Services and Health regulates therapeutic goods for human use under this Act.

http://www.brad.ac.uk/acad/sbtwc/btwc/nat_imp/leg_reg/aus/tgar.pdf#http://www.brad.ac.uk/acad/sbtwc/btwc/nat_imp/leg_reg/aus/tgar.pdf#

 

Therapeutic Goods Act and Regulations, 1989

Covers the import and export of therapeutic goods and includes pathogenic microorganisms where in vaccines for human use.  The Department of Human Services and Health regulates therapeutic goods for human use under this Act.

http://www.brad.ac.uk/acad/sbtwc/btwc/nat_imp/leg_reg/aus/tgar.pdf

 

Chemical Weapons (Prohibition) Act 1994 and associated regulations

This Act, administered by the Australian Safeguards and Non-Proliferation Office within the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, gives effect to Australia’s obligations to the Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production, Stockpiling and Use of Chemical Weapons and on their Destruction. The Act controls certain chemicals which may be used as weapons, including the natural toxins ricin and saxitoxin. The Act’s general purpose criterion also applies to the hostile use of any chemical, including other toxins. The Act extends to the acts of Australian citizens outside Australia. Contravention of the Act is an indictable offence.

 

 

Criminal Codes Act, 1995

Provides prosecution provisions for giving misleading information in permit applications.

 

 

Weapons of Mass Destruction (Prevention of Proliferation) Regulations

Complements the existing barriers contained in the Customs Act 1901 and the Customs (Prohibited Exports) Regulations. It prohibits the supply or export of goods, not otherwise controlled by the Customs Act 1901, and the provision of services, in circumstances where the goods, or the services, will or may be used in, or assist the development, production, acquisition or stockpiling of biological weapons or their delivery

http://www.brad.ac.uk/acad/sbtwc/btwc/nat_imp/leg_reg/aus/wmda.pdf#http://www.brad.ac.uk/acad/sbtwc/btwc/nat_imp/leg_reg/aus/wmda.pdf#

 

Weapons of Mass Destruction (Prevention of Proliferation) Act 1995

Complements the existing barriers contained in the Customs Act 1901 and the Customs (Prohibited Exports) Regulations. It prohibits the supply or export of goods, not otherwise controlled by the Customs Act 1901, and the provision of services, in circumstances where the goods, or the services, will or may be used in, or assist the development, production, acquisition or stockpiling of biological weapons or their delivery.

http://www.brad.ac.uk/acad/sbtwc/btwc/nat_imp/leg_reg/aus/wmda.pdf#http://www.brad.ac.uk/acad/sbtwc/btwc/nat_imp/leg_reg/aus/wmda.pdf#

 

Gene Technology Act, 2000

Controls use of genetic technology, establishes various ethical, scientific and community consultative committees, the composition of each of the committees are regulated through the Act.  It also has strong compliance provisions covering external auditing (including security and safety aspects) and punitive measures in the case of breaches.

 

 

Customs Legislation Amendment and Repeal (International Trade Modernisation) Act, 2001

All exporters have to meet strictly defined evidence of identity requirements to be registered users under the Integrated Cargo System (ICS). The ICS and the registration for electronic communication with Customs provide additional monitoring and examination powers on the exports of chemical, nuclear and biological-related materials.

 

 

Gene Technology Act Regulations, 2001

Implements the Gene Technology Act.

 

 

National Health Security Act

Establishes controls for the security of certain biological agents that have the potential to be used as weapons. This new Act provides for the establishment of a National Authority to regulate and monitor facilities handling security sensitive biological agents. This includes a national register, informed by mandatory reporting, of facilities handling these agents. The Act also provides for a registration scheme addressing physical, personnel and transport security concerns, and includes a security audit and inspection process. And importantly, it provides for education and awareness-raising campaigns. This significant new legislation enhances implementation of the BWC in Australia

 

 

National Health Security Amendment Regulations 2008

Regulations were made to provide further operation detail to Part 3 of the Act and to enhance the controls for handling SSBAs.  The National Health Security Amendment Regulations 2008 deal with:•  additional content of the National Register;•  additional exempt entities;•      additional reportable events;•     time frames for reporting events;•          the form of an inspector’s identity card; and•    the agencies that the Secretary of the Department of Health and Ageing may give a report to.

 

 

Security Sensitive Biological Agent Standards

The Department of Health and Ageing will implement a background checking scheme for personnel who handle SSBAs, and will continue to inspect registered laboratories.

 

 

Security Sensitive Biological Agent Standards

The Department of Health and Ageing will implement a background checking scheme for personnel who handle SSBAs, and will continue to inspect registered laboratories.

 

 

Austria

Foreign Trade Decree

Including control of, or assisting in, brokering, trading in,negotiating, otherwise assisting in border crossings or export/import of biological resources.

 

 

Penal Code of Austria

On Weapons of Mass Destruction: Atomic, Biological, Chemical Weapon    Whoever manufactures, produces, develops for the application, imports, exports, transports through the country, buys, possesses, transfers or assists another person in these acts shall be sentenced to imprisonment for 1-10 years.

 

 

Regulation on the Safety of Workplaces

No Description Available

 

 

Law on Epidemics No. 186/1950, 1950

No Description Available

 

 

Waffengebrauchsgesetz  BGBl.No. 149/1969, 1969

No Description Available

 

 

Federal Law on Imports, Exports and Transit of War Material, BGB1 No. 540/1977

No Description Available

 

 

1977 War Material Act

Includes export controm provisions and licensing provisions

 

 

Federal Government Decree No. 624/1977, On Military Equipment, 22 November 1977

No Description Available

 

 

Law on Animal Diseases No. 746/1988, 1988

No Description Available

 

 

Ordinance No. 212 by the Minister of Health and Public Service on protection measures needed during the transport of toxic substances,

Deals with safety requirements during the tranport of toxic substances. In annex: model forms to be filled out during the ordering, transport and reception of toxic substances.

 

 

Ordinance No. 211 by the Minister of Health and Public Service on reporting of slightly toxic products, 23 January 1989

Describes the details that have to be supplied when reporting on the use of slightly toxic substances.

 

 

Council Directive 94/55/EEC

Includes measures to secure the transport of biological resources

 

 

Federal Law on the Protection of Employees No. 450/1994

No Description Available

 

 

Gene Technology Act No. 510/1994, 1994 (As of Federal Gazette I 73/1998)

No Description Available

 

 

Plant Protection Act

No Description Available

 

 

Foreign Trade Act No. 172/1995, 9 March 1995

No Description Available

 

 

Council Directive 96/49/EEC

Includes measures to secure the transport of biological resources

 

 

Verbot d. Entwicklung, Herstellung, Lagerung u. Einsatz chem. Waffen, BGBl. III Nr. 38/1997

No Description Available

 

 

Waffengesetz 1996, BGBl. I No. 12/1997, 1997

No Description Available

 

 

Foreign Trade Act (Federal Gazette 187/1997)

No Description Available

 

 

Law on the Transport of Dangerous Goods No. 145/1998, 1998

No Description Available

 

 

Regulation on Biological Work Material  Federal Gazette 237/1998, 1998

No Description Available

 

 

Basic Plant Protection Act 1999 (Federal Gazette No. 140/1999)

No Description Available

 

 

Directive 2000/54/EC

Includes details of Licensing/registration of facilities/persons handling biological resources

 

 

EC Regulation 1334/2000

Includes export controm provisions,  licensing provisions and the control lists

 

 

EC Regulation 1504/2004

Includes exceptions from licensing and inclusions of technoligies

 

 

Foreign Trade Act of 2005

Includes the prohibition of the manufacture, production, possession, stockpiling, storing and development of biological weapons

 

 

Azerbaijan

Criminal Code, Art. 4.6

According to the new article 224.1 a person who has applied the double-use goods (works, services, results of the intellectual activities) that could be used in manufacturing and development of \NMD, arms, military techniques, ammunitions for ordered purposes may be punished up to 6 years of imprisonment. Exprting goods (works, services, results of the intellectual activities) which fall under export control to the states and to end-users to which export of these goods is prohibited or limited is also crime under the article of 224.2.

 

 

Criminal Code, Art. 206

Articles 206.2-206.4 of the Criminal Code of Azerbaijan envisage criminal penalties in the form of 3 to 12 years’ imprisonment for violating customs regulations and for the smuggling of radioactive and explosive substances and equipment, weapons, military hardware, nuclear, chemical, biological and other types of weapons of mass destruction, as well as materials and equipment used in the manufacture of such weapons.

 

 

Law on Border Forces, Art. 4.6

The State Border Service of the Republic of Azerbaijan ensures the prevention of the transferring of WMD and their components and radioactive substances through state border.

 

 

Law, 5 December 2003 on the Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production, Stockpiling of Biological Weapons and on

Implementing legislation

 

 

Charter on State Border Service of the Republic of Azerbaijan, Para. 9.7

The State Border Service of the Republic of Azerbaijan ensures the prevention of the transferring of WMD and their components and radioactive substances through state border.

 

 

Law on Export Control of 26 October 2004

According to this law the purposes and principals of tho realization export control in the Republic of Azerbaijan consist of ensuring compliance with the obligations of interstate agreements, to which the Republic of Azerbaijan is a party, ori the non-proliferation of WMD and other kind of weapons (article 4.0,3) and the assessment of the technological level, end-users and intermediary parties of the goods (works, services, results of the intellectual activities) which fall under export control (articIe 4.0.4).  According to the 5th article of the above mentioned law WMD (nuclear, chemical, bacteriological and toxin weapons - article 1.1.5), as well as their means of delivery, double-use goods (works, services, results of the intellectual activities) that could be used in development of WMD, military techniques and ammunitions, explosive and radioactive substances, radioactive devices fall under the export control within the scope of the law. According to the 8th article of the above mentioned law the list of states to which export of the goods (works, services, results of the intellectual activities) which fall under export control is prohibited, end-users and tho goods (works, services, results of the intellectual activities) which Ml under export control and which are prohibited to export is determined by the Cabinet of Ministries upon the consent of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan. The 9' article of this law notifies that the export, import, re-export and re-import and transit of the goods (works, servicus, results of the intellectual activities) which fall under export control are carried out under the license issued by relevant executive organ. The 14th article of the law prescribes criminal, civil and administrative responsibility of the citizens of the Republic of Azerbaijan and foreign countries for the breaking tho legislation on export control

 

 

Bahamas

The Export Control Regulations Act and Export Control Regulations

Empower the Minister of Finance to make such regulations, as he deems necessary for the purpose of controlling or prohibiting the export from The Bahamas to any place outside or within the country of goods or any class of goods. No goods or articles may be exported from the Bahamas without a licence. If any person or his agent fails to comply with the export regulations they will be guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction to imprisonment for six months or a fine of four hundred dollars, or both; and on conviction by the Supreme Court to imprisonment for two years or a fine of two thousand dollars, or both. The Act establishes the office of the Controller of the Exchange with the functions of the office being vested in the Central Bank of The Bahamas.

 

 

The Mutual Legal Assistance (Criminal Matters) Act 1988

Enables the Attorney General to provide assistance to other countries in connection with investigations, inquiries and proceedings in criminal matters.

 

 

Belarus

Penal Code, Article 294

Stealing nuclear, chemical, biological or other types of weapons of mass destruction or their basic components is punishable by deprivation of liberty for 5 to 10 years, with or without confiscation of property. Lists the aggravating circumstances. In this article, stealing means the deliberate, unlawful seizure of weapons of mass destruction or of title to such weapons, without compensation, through theft, aggravated theft, robbery, extortion, fraud, abuse of official powers, expropriation, misuse or use of information technology, regardless of whether there is a mercenary motive.

http://www.belarus.net/softinfo/catal_la/l00104.htm

 

Penal Code, Article 134

Provides responsibility for the use of weapons of mass destruction prohibited by the international treaties of Belarus, which is punishable by deprivation of liberty for 10 to 25 years or life imprisonment or the death penalty.

 

 

Penal Code, Article 129

Establishes responsibility for the manufacture, acquisition, storage, transport, transfer and sale of weapons of mass destruction prohibited by the international treaties of Belarus and other prohibited instruments of war or their components and the conduct of research aimed at manufacturing or using such weapons or components. Such acts are punishable by restriction of liberty for 3 to 5 years or deprivation of liberty for 3 to 10 years.

 

 

Order No. 133 of the Council of Ministers, 4 February 2003, (as amended in 2004)

Scheduled items (goods, services) are exported and imported under licences issued by the State Military and Industrial Committee.

 

 

Penal Code, Article 16

No Description Available

 

 

Penal Code, Article 213

On unlawful carrying, keeping, acquisition, manufacture or sale of weapons or explosive substances

 

 

Penal Code of Belarus, Article 240(1)  on Violation of the Rules of Handling of Weaponry, or Substances and Objects Presenting an

Article 240(1)  on Violation of the Rules of Handling of Weaponry, or Substances and Objects Presenting an Increased Danger to the Peoplea)  Violation of the rules of handling of weaponry, as well as of ammunition, explosives, radioactive and other substances and objects which present an increased danger to other people if this has entailed an infliction of bodily injuries to the sufferer – shall be punishable with the deprivation of freedom for a term of up to 3 years.b).          The same actions if they have entailed an infliction of bodily injuries to several persons or a death of the sufferer – shall be punishable with the deprivation of freedom for a term of 1 to 10 years.c).    An action envisaged by the paragraph “a” of this Article if this has entailed deaths of several persons or other grave consequences – shall be punishable with the deprivation of freedom for a term of 3 to 15 years.

 

 

Republic of Belarus Penal Code

The carrying, keeping, acquisition, manufacture or sale of weapons or explosive substances without permission is punished by deprivation of liberty for a period up to 7 years. A person who voluntarily surrenders a weapon, ammunition, or explosive substances which he has been keeping without permission will be exempt from criminal responsibility.

http://www.belarus.net/softinfo/catal_la/l00104.htm#http://www.belarus.net/softinfo/catal_la/l00104.htm#

 

Penal Code of Belarus, Article 219 on Illegal Making, Sale, Acquisition, Keeping, Transportation or Dispatch of Strong and Poisonous

Illegal making, sale, no less than an illegal acquisition, keeping, transportation or dispatch for the purpose of sale of strong or poisonous substances which are not narcotic substances – shall be punishable with the deprivation of freedom for a term of up to 3 years or corrective labour for a term of 2 years with the confiscation of strong and poisonous substances.  Violation of the established rules of the production, acquisition, keeping, storage, accounting, provision, transportation or dispatch (sending) of strong and poisonous substances which are not narcotic substances – shall be punishable with the deprivation of freedom for a term of up to 2 years or corrective labour for the same term, or a fine.

 

 

Act of  23 November 1993

“On the medical and epidemiological welfare of the population”

 

 

Act of 25 November 1993

“Act on waste”

 

 

Resolution No. 245 on Visits by Foreign Inspectors to the Republic of Belarus, 14 April 1994

Assigns responsibility and authority to government agencies in case of inspections in accordance with treaties in the field of disarmament and arms control.

 

 

Law No. 3423-XII on Veterinary, 2 December 1994

Defines legal, organizational and social principles of veterinary activities and is aimed at protecting the health of animals, protecting people against illnesses common for the human being and animals (illnesses transmitted to the human being through animals, animal products), and securing the production of animal products which are of good quality with respect to sanitary and veterinary properties.

http://www.belarus.net/softinfo/catal_la/l00034.htm#http://www.belarus.net/softinfo/catal_la/l00034.htm#

 

Law No. 456 on the list of activities for which a special permit is required and the bodies which issue these permits, 21 August 1995

Includes the list of types of activity for which a special permit is required and of the bodies which issue the permits.

 

 

Resolution No. 218 on imposing bans and restrictions on the movement of commodities across the customs border of the Republic of

Approves a list of commodities, the movement of which across the customs border of the Republic of Belarus is banned, and a list of commodities the movement of which across the customs border of the Republic of Belarus is restricted.  Restricted goods require licenses for customs clearance and additional documentation pursuant to other national legislation.

http://projects.sipri.se/expcon/natexpcon/Belarus/belcust.htm#http://projects.sipri.se/expcon/natexpcon/Belarus/belcust.htm##_Hlk42317731  1,10393,10557,66,,_ HYPERLINK "http://projects.sip

 

Law No. 130-3 on Export Control, 19 December 1997

Defines the legal framework for the activities of State agencies and of juridical and natural persons in the Republic of Belarus in the field of export control, and regulates relationships arising in connection with the transport of controlled goods across the customs frontier of the Republic of Belarus, and with their use.

 

 

Law on Export Controls, 5 February 1998

Implements the commitments the Republic of Belarus has undertaken via international treaties and aims to maintain international efforts to stop the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and conventional armaments. This Law shall cover the relations wherein State bodies, legal entities and natural persons of the Republic of Belarus participate in foreign economic activities. The Law shall also apply in cases when the actions performed or agreements concluded by State bodies, legal entities and natural persons of the Republic of Belarus outside the territory of the Republic of Belarus, promote the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction or conventional armaments, or cause damage to the national security, political and economic interests of the Republic of Belarus.

http://projects.sipri.se/expcon/natexpcon/Belarus/bellaw.htm#http://projects.sipri.se/expcon/natexpcon/Belarus/bellaw.htm#

 

Decree No. 27 on the Improvement of State Control of the Passage of Specific Goods (Work, Services) Through the Customs Border of the

Provides lists, approved by the interested parties, of the specific goods (work, services) for which the export (import) is subject to licensing in accordance with the present decree.

http://projects.sipri.se/expcon/natexpcon/Belarus/dec27.htm#http://projects.sipri.se/expcon/natexpcon/Belarus/dec27.htm#

 

Law on State Regulation of Foreign Trade Activities, 29 December 1998

Provides a broad overview of state regulation of foreign trade activities.  It requires licenses for the import and export of certain goods and establishes safety procedures.

http://ncpi.gov.by/eng/legal/H19800223.htm#http://ncpi.gov.by/eng/legal/H19800223.htm#

 

Decision No. 1807 of the Council of Ministers, 14 December 2001

“On improving the State system for the sanitary regulation and registration of chemical and biological substances, materials and articles made from such substances, products for industrial and military use, goods for personal use and foodstuffs”

 

 

Order No. 522 of the Council of Ministers, 24 April 2002

The transit of military cargoes through Belarusian territory is subject to authorization by the State Customs Committee. In the event of overflight of Belarusian territory by an aircraft transporting a military cargo, the State Aviation Committee, of its own accord or at the request of the competent governmental authorities, is authorized to require the aircraft to land in Belarusian territory. The requirements for authorization of the transit of a military cargo include the possession of financial guarantees by a party to the transit operation and sound arrangements for the physical protection of the cargo in accordance with the legislation and international agreements of Belarus.

 

 

Decision No. 1481 of the Council of Ministers, 24 October 2002

“On the State pesticides programme for 2003-2006 and subsequent years”

 

 

Law on Environmental Protection, No. 126-Z, 17 July 2002

Regulates genetically modified plants or animals and non- native species, the management of waste and scientific research.  Establishes that entities causing harm to the environment are liable for the full amount of the harm caused.

http://ncpi.gov.by/eng/legal/V19201982.htm#http://ncpi.gov.by/eng/legal/V19201982.htm#

 

Presidential Decree No. 94 of 11 March 2003

“On certain measures to regulate military and technical cooperation between the Republic of Belarus and foreign States”, lays out the fundamental principles of State policy in the field of military and technical cooperation is compliance with international treaties on the non-proliferation of nuclear weapons, arms reduction and disarmament and the prohibition and destruction of chemical, biological and other types of weapons of mass destruction.

 

 

Law on Approving the Instructions on Order of Issuing of Import Certificate, April 2003

No Description Available

 

 

Belgium

Law of 3 January 1933

Deals with the manufacturing, trading and carrying of weapons.

 

 

The Act of 10 January 1955

Regarding the disclosure and development of inventions and manufacturing secrets affecting the defence of the national territory or the security of the State prohibits the disclosure of manufacturing secrets and inventions when such disclosure runs counter to the interests of national defence or the security of the State. The perpetrator of the disclosure is criminally liable.

 

 

Law of 11 September 1962

Relates to the import, export and transit of weapons, munitions and war material and technology and states that they are subject to the rules of the present law.

http://www.grip.org/bdg/g1618.html#http://www.grip.org/bdg/g1618.html#

 

Biological Weapons Convention Implementation Law, 1978

Implements the BWC and criminalizes BW-related activities in Belgium or by Belgian citizens.

 

 

Law on import, export and transit of arms, munitions and material for military use and related technology, 5 August 1991

The Law of 5 August 1991 refers to the import, export and transit of arms, munitions and material specially for military and technological use. Those who break the law may be subject to an imprisonment period of a maximum of 5 months and/or a fine of 1, 000

http://projects.sipri.se/expcon/natexpcon/Belgium/bellaw.htm#http://projects.sipri.se/expcon/natexpcon/Belgium/bellaw.htm#

 

Order in Council on import, export and transshipment of arms, munitions, military material and related technology, 8 March 1993

Concerns the import, export and transit of weapons, munitions and special material for military use and related technology.

http://projects.sipri.se/expcon/natexpcon/Belgium/beldec.htm#http://projects.sipri.se/expcon/natexpcon/Belgium/beldec.htm#

 

Royal Decree of 8 March 1993

(Amended on 2 April 2003) Regulates the import, export and transit of arms, munitions and equipment specifically intended for military use and related technology.

 

 

Act of 11 January 1993 on the prevention of the use of the financial system for the purpose of money-laundering

(transposing the Directive of the Council of the European Communities of 10 June 1991) Capital or property is deemed illegal when such capital or property is the proceeds of an offence linked to terrorism.

 

 

Act of 11 January 1993

Makes it an offense to finance activities prohibited by the Convention

 

 

Decree regulating the classification, packaging and labeling for dangerous preparations before marketing and use, 1993 (Amended

Provide general biosafety guidelines.

 

 

Council Directive 94/55/EEC

Includes measures to secure the transport of biological resources

 

 

Decree of the Government of Flanders, 1 June 1995

Chapter 5.51 addresses biotechnology.

 

 

Council Directive 96/49/EEC

Includes measures to secure the transport of biological resources

 

 

Royal Order concerning the protection of workers against risks connected with the exposure to biological agents at work, 4 August 1996

Implements in Belgium the provisions of Directive 90/679/EEC, as modified by 93/88/EEC and 95/30/EC. It contains the various safety and health measures that may be imposed in workplaces where there is potential exposure of workers to biological hazards. Contents: obligations of workers; hazard evaluation; establishment of a list of exposed workers; substitution as a form of prevention; training and information of the personnel; periodical medical examinations; vaccination. In annex: list of biological agents, with their classification codes; indications concerning confinement measures and levels; confinement measures for certain industrial processes; list of enterprises and workers for whom vaccination is necessary.

 

 

Royal Order modifying the Royal Order of 4 August 1996 concerning the protection of workers against risks connected with the exposure

This Order introduces the provisions of Directive 97/59/EC and 97/65/EC into Belgian legislation, by modifying the 1996. Order on the protection of workers against exposure to biological agents.

 

 

Act on intergovernmental cooperation between the Federal State of Belgium and the Regional Government on biosecurity

No Description Available

 

 

Order in Council on voluntary release in the environment and commercial use of GMOs and/products containing GMOs, 18 December

No Description Available

 

 

EC Regulation 1334/2000

Includes export controm provisions,  licensing provisions and the control lists

 

 

Ministerial Orders of 28 September 2000

regulating the export and transit of dual-use items and technology, incorporating national implementation provisions transposed from Council Regulation (EC) No. 1334/2000. Export and transit licences are required, except where the transit takes place without trans-shipment or change in mode of transport.

 

 

Directive 2000/54/EC

Includes details of Licensing/registration of facilities/persons handling biological resources

 

 

Decree of the Regional Government of Brussels-Capital on confined use of GMOs and/or pathogens and classification of relevant

No Description Available

 

 

Decree of the Government of Wallonie, 18 April 2002

Amends general regulations on the protection of labourers concerning confined use of genetically modified and/or pathogenic organisms.

 

 

Amendments of Law on import, export and transit of arms, munitions and material for military use and related technology of 5 August

The Act of 5 August 1991 on the import, export, and transit of, and on combating trafficking in arms, munitions and equipment specifically intended for military use or law enforcement and related technology. Amendment of 25 March 2003 - Regulates the brokering operations Amendment of 26 March 2003 - Integrates the European code of conduct on arms sales into its domestic

http://projects.sipri.se/expcon/natexpcon/Belgium/bellaw.htm

 

Amendment of 2 April 2003 of the Royal Decree of 8 March 1993

Regulates the import, export and transit of arms, munitions and equipment specifically intended for military use and related technology.

 

 

Act on terrorist offences,  19 December 2003

Stipulates that violations of article 2 of the Act of 10 July 1978 may constitute a terrorist offence. The manufacture, possession, acquisition, transport or provision of nuclear or chemical weapons, the use of nuclear, biological or chemical weapons, and the research into and development of chemical weapons may also constitute a terrorist offence. The use of these weapons of mass destruction to commit a terrorist act shall be punished by life imprisonment. Any person who participates in an activity of a terrorist group, including the provision of information or material means to the terrorist group or by any form of financing of an activity of a terrorist group, knowing that his participation contributes to the commission of a crime or offence by the terrorist group, shall be sentenced to imprisonment for five to ten years and shall be liable to a fine.

 

 

Belize

Criminal Code of Belize, 2000, Article 84

Article 84  Every person who unlawfully and knowingly administers any noxious matter to a person shall be liable to imprisonment for 2 years.

 

 

Public Safety Act, 31 December 2000 (Amended) (Belize Law, Vol. III, Title X, Ch. 42)

Authorizes the Governor-General to make regulations including a) the regulation of the storage, possession or use of any or all offensive weapons or instruments of whatever description b) the prohibition of any description of intimidation or acts or threats of violence or c) all such matters as in the opinion of the Governor-General will provide better public safety, if it is deemed that a state of civil commotion which threatens the public safety exists.  The Act provides for punishment for violation including a fine not exceeding $2000 dollars or imprisonment of up to 12 months.

 

 

War Material Act, 31 December 2000 (Amended) (Belize Law Vol. III, Title X, Ch. 146)

Defines war material as anything, except foodstuffs, which the carrying coastwise in Belize or exportation which can be prohibited under Part II of the act including all arms and other articles the Governor-General deems capable of being converted into or made useful in increasing the quantity of military, naval or air stores.  Authorizes the Governor-General to prohibit the export of all arms and authorizes customs and excise officers to inspect and to detain vessels trading to and from Belize.  Provides for punishment for violation including a fine not exceeding $2000 and imprisonment for up to 6 months.

 

 

Dangerous Goods Act, 31 December 2000 (Amended) (Belize Law Vol. III, Title X, Ch. 134)

Authorizes the Minister in charge to declare certain goods ‘especially dangerous’.  Restricts the transport of dangerous goods and  requires licenses for transport of dangerous goods.  Provides for punishment for violation of the Act including a fine of up to $10,000 or 5  years imprisonment.

 

 

Criminal Code of Belize, 2000, Article 83

Criminal Code of Belize, 2000   Article 83   Every person who uses a sword, dagger, bayonet, firearm, poison or any explosive, corrosive, deadly or destructive means or instrument shall be liable to imprisonment up to 5 years if he does so with the intent to cause harm, for up to 10 years if he intends to would or cause grievous harm and up to 20 years if he does so with intent to maim or cause dangerous harm.

 

 

Bolivia

Penal Code, Article 216

Provides for prison terms of up to 10 years for offences that are harmful to public health, such as: spreading of serious or contagious diseases which produce epidemics, poisoning or contamination of water intended for public use and marketing of substances harmful to health.

 

 

Armed Forces Organization Act No. 1405

Article 22 (p), Paragraphs c and d Provides that the Ministry of Defence is responsible for expressly authorizing and controlling all imports of weapons, munitions and chemical, bacteriological and radiological agents; its enabling legislation is duly implemented through the War Material Department.

 

 

Penal Code, Article 211

Article 211 (Manufacture, commercialization/trade or possession of explosive, asphyxiating and other substances  One who creates as an end product that which is dangerous to life and bodily integrity and/or other peoples goods, manufactures, supplies, acquires, or possesses  (possibly stockpiles) bombs, explosive materials, flammables, toxicants and asphyxiates as well as instruments and materials used to make such devices will be sanctioned between 1 and 4 years accordingly.

 

 

Environmental Law No. 1333,  27 April 1992

Art.107. Punishes whomever disperses non-treated residual waters, chemical or biochemical liquids, objects or waste of any kind in the riverbeds, riverbanks, water-bearings, basins, rivers, lakes, lagoons, ponds, that can contaminate or degrade the waters that exceed the limits established by the regulations, with imprisonment from one to 4 years and with a fine of 100 percent of the cost of the harm done.

 

 

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Law on Export and Import of Weapons and Military Equipment, 2003

Establish the regime of control over the products of dual use, and thus prevent its abuse, or use for illicit purposes.  Licenses shell be issued with prior consent of the ministries of foreign affairs, security and defence. Common list of military equipment contained in the European Union Code of Conduct on Arms Export makes an integral part of this law.

 

 

Decision on the Acceptance of the European Union Code of Conduct on Arms Export 2002 and amendments 2003

On the obligation to respect the European Union rules relating to the weapons export control. Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Relations is responsible for the implementation of this decision.

 

 

Decision on classification of products as forms of import and export, 1998

Decision on classification of products as forms of import and export, 1998 Regulates control of transit over the state border, stipulates the obligation that all subjects, who are involved in traffic of arms, military equipment and products have to posses license issued by the Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Relations.

 

 

Criminal Code

Article 12, paragraph 1, point c.) - On extraterritorial application Article 26 - Attempt of criminal offence Article 30-31 - Helping in the preparation of criminal offence Article 122-144 - Punishments for legal persons Article 193 - Illicit Trafficking in Arms and Military Equipment includes the dual use items Article 193.a - Production, development, acquiring, stockpiling, selling or buying, mediating in selling or buying, or any other direct or indirect transfer to the others, possession or transfer of chemical or biological weapons prohibited by the rules of the International Law, are defined as criminal offences, for which one year to a „long term” imprisonment punishment are predicted. Article 248 - Preparation of the criminal offence

 

 

Instruction on the procedure of issuing the licenses to legal persons regarding production and maintenance of weapons and military

 

 

 

Instruction on inspection supervision in production and maintenance of weapons and military equipment, 2004

 

 

 

Program of BiH Civil Aviation Safety, 2004

Applies international standards and acts in accordance with the provisions of appropriate conventions that relate to control of air transport of dangerous substances.

 

 

Law on Weapons and Military Equipment Production 2004

Provides for the Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Relations to issue licenses for production and maintenance of weapons and military equipment and to keep the Central Register of legal persons whom the licenses for production and maintenance of weapons and military equipment have been issued to. Inspection supervision of the Law implementation has been regulated.

 

 

Instruction on the implementation of permanent control and reporting on production and maintenance of weapons and military

 

 

 

Brazil

Ministerial Decision No. 1919/GM

On establishing the obligation of notification of the existence of bacillus anthracis in public and private laboratories, for inspection purposes.

 

 

Penal Code of Brazil, 1940 Article 131

Article 131 – Makes it a crime  to intentionally commit an act that may cause a serious disease to be transmitted to someone else by means of contagion.

 

 

Penal Code of Brazil, 1940 Article 132

Article 132 – Makes it a crime to expose someone’s life to direct and imminent danger.

 

 

Penal Code of Brazil, 1940, Article 267

Article 267 – Makes it a crime to cause a disease outbreak by propagating pathogenic germs.

 

 

Penal Code of Brazil, 1940, Article 269

Article 269 – Makes it a crime to fail to notify public authorities of a case of a disease subject to mandatory notification (applicable to physicians).

 

 

Penal Code of Brazil, 1940, Article 270

Article 270 – Makes it a crime to poison drinking water for public or private use, as well as edible or medical substances destined for consumption.

 

 

Penal Code of Brazil, 1940 Article 129

Article 129 – It is a crime  to jeopardize the physical integrity or the health of another person.

 

 

Penal Code of Brazil, 1940, Article 259

Article 259 – Makes it a crime to disseminate an illness or plague that may cause damage to forests, plantations or animals of economic relevance.

 

 

Penal Code of Brazil, 1940, Article 268

Article 268 – Makes it a crime to violate a determination by public authorities aimed at impeding the introduction or propagation of a contagious disease.

 

 

Decree 67.200, 15 September 1970

Ratifies the 1925 Geneva Protocol

 

 

Legislative Decree No. 89, 5 December 1972

Approves the text of the Biological Weapons Convention

http://www.mct.gov.br/legis/decretos/89_72.htm#http://www.mct.gov.br/legis/decretos/89_72.htm#

 

Decree No. 77.374, 1 April 1976

Promulgates Biological Weapons Convention

http://www.mct.gov.br/legis/decretos/77374_76.htm#http://www.mct.gov.br/legis/decretos/77374_76.htm#

 

Law No. 7.170, 14 December 1983

Defines crimes against national security and the social and political order and establishes the process and judicial treatment for such crimes.

 

 

Federal Constitution of 1988

Prohibits the development and production of weapons of mass destruction in Brazil. Article 225, paragraph 1, II and V Determines that “it is incumbent upon the Government (…) to control entities engaged in research and manipulation of genetic material” and to “control the production, sale and use of techniques, methods and substances which represent a risk to life”.

 

 

Law No. 7.802, 11 July 1989

Dispхe sobre a pesquisa, a experimentaзгo, a produзгo, a embalagem e rotulagem, o transporte, o armazenamento, a comercializaзгo, a propaganda comercial, a utilizaзгo, a importaзгo, a exportaзгo, o destino final dos resнduos e embalagens, o registro, a classificaзгo, o controle, a inspeзгo e a fiscalizaзгo de agrotуxicos, seus componentes e afins, e dб outras providкncias.

http://www.mct.gov.br/legis/leis/7802_89.htm#http://www.mct.gov.br/legis/leis/7802_89.htm#

 

Law No. 8.072, 25 July 1990

Addresses Heinous Crimes in the Terms of Article 5, item XLIII of the Federal Constitution. The practice of torture, the illicit traffic of narcotics and related drugs, as well as terrorism and crimes defined as heinous crimes shall be considered by law as non-bailable and not subject to grace or amnesty, and their principals, agents and those who omit themselves while being able to avoid such crime will be held liable.

 

 

Exposition of Reasons No. 35, 26 December 1994

Exposition of Reasons No. 35, 26 December 1994 Establishes general guidelines for the export of goods and services related to missiles. Contains instructions for conducting exports of goods and services directly related to missiles, and establishes a list of goods and services directly related to missiles that are subject to control.

 

 

Law No. 9.112, 10 October 1995

Regulates the export of goods and services with possible military applications or dual use and, in that connection, to regulate the export of goods or related services with possible application for the development of weapons of mass destruction, whether nuclear, chemical or biological, and their delivery vehicles (i.e. missiles). Exports of sensitive goods would now require prior permission from the relevant federal agencies under the overall co-ordination of the Strategic Affairs Secretariat of the Presidency of the Republic.  Breaches of the law concerning the export of sensitive goods are punished with sanctions raging from admonition to the suspension of the right to participate in foreign trade activities. Sanctions are provided for violation, including incarceration from 1-4 years.

 

 

Decree No. 1.752, 20 December 1995

Furthers Law No. 8974 on the National Technical Commission on Biosafety (CTNBio).  Outlines the responsibilities, structure, staffing, functioning and standards of the CTNBio.

http://www.ctnbio.gov.br/ctnbio/legis/leis/8974_95english.htm#http://www.ctnbio.gov.br/ctnbio/legis/leis/8974_95english.htm#

 

Law No. 8974, 5 January 1995

Sets the standards for use of genetic engineering techniques in the construction, cultivation, manipulation, transportation, marketing, consumption, release and disposal of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) with the objective of protecting the life and health of humans, animals, plants and the environment.  Authorizes the creation of the National Technical Commission on Biosafety (CTNBio). Requires any organization using genetic engineering techniques and methods to create an Internal Biosafety Commission (CIBio) and outlines the responsibilities of these commissions.  Outlines crimes in relation to the law and corresponding punishments, including the crime of the genetic manipulation of germ cells.

http://www.mct.gov.br/legis/leis/8974_95.htm#http://www.mct.gov.br/legis/leis/8974_95.htm#

 

Resolution No. 204 of 20 May 1997

Complementary instructions for the regulations for road and railway transportation of dangerous products.

 

 

Instruзгo Normativa CTNBio No. 15, 8 April 1998

A Comissгo Tйcnica Nacional de Biosseguranзa - CTNBio, no uso de suas atribuiзхes legais e regulamentares, resolve: Art. 1є O trabalho de pesquisa e desenvolvimento tecnolуgico utilizando animais nгo geneticamente modificados onde Organismos Geneticamente Modificados - OGMs sгo manipulados, em regime de contenзгo, obedecerб аs normas constantes do Anexo da presente Instruзгo Normativa.

http://www.mct.gov.br/legis/outros_atos/in15_98.htm#http://www.mct.gov.br/legis/outros_atos/in15_98.htm#

 

Instruзгo Normativa CTNBio No. 10, 19 February 1998

A COMISSГO TЙCNICA NACIONAL DE BIOSSEGURANЗA - CTNBio, no uso de suas atribuiзхes legais e regulamentares, resolve: Art. 1є A liberaзгo planejada no meio ambiente de Vegetais Geneticamente Motificados - VGM que jб tenha sido anteriormente aprovada pela CTNBio obedecerб аs normas constantes do Anexo da presente Instruзгo Normativa.

http://www.mct.gov.br/legis/outros_atos/in10_98.htm#http://www.mct.gov.br/legis/outros_atos/in10_98.htm#

 

Instruзгo Normativa CTNBio No. 17, 17 November 1998

A Comissгo Tйcnica Nacional de Biosseguranзa - CTNBio, no uso de suas atribuiзхes legais e regulamentares, resolve: Art. 1є As atividades de importaзгo, comйrcio, transporte, armazenamento, manipulaзгo, consumo, liberaзгo e descarte de produtos derivados de Organismos Geneticamente Modificados (OGM) obedecerгo аs normas constantes do Anexo da presente Instruзгo Normativa.

http://www.mct.gov.br/legis/outros_atos/in17_98.htm#http://www.mct.gov.br/legis/outros_atos/in17_98.htm#

 

Act 9613, 3 March 1998 (as well as its subsequent revisions:  Act No. 10647, of June 11, 2002; Act No. 10683, of May 28, 2003, Act No.

Define and penalize crimes related to money-laundering. It determines that the supervision and repression of illicit financial activities is incumbent upon the “Financial Activities Control Council” (COAF), within the Ministry of Finance. Along with COAF, the Department for Anti-Money-Laundering Compliance, Surveillance of Foreign Exchange Market and Disciplinary Actions (DECIF) of the Brazilian Central Bank, plays an important role in these efforts. This Act was recently revised in order to include, among crimes of money-laundering, the financing of terrorism in Act No. 10.701, of July 9, 2003.

https://www.planalto.gov.br/

 

Decree No. 2577, 20 April 1998

No Description Available

 

 

Law No. 9.677, 2 July 1998

Aims at punishing those companies manufacturing and/or selling counterfeit or adulterated products (including vitamins and related food products). Under this law (Article 273, specifically), anyone selling counterfeit or adulterated pharmaceutical and food products is subject to a prison term of between 10 and 15 years without bail, plus fines. Alters the Criminal Codes to include in the Classification of Heinous Crimes those against Public Health.

http://www.mac.doc.gov/ola/brazil/TRADEINF/1152.htm#http://www.mac.doc.gov/ola/brazil/TRADEINF/1152.htm#

 

Act No. 9613, 3 March 1998

Facilitates financial detection and hindering of illicit activies including those that could contribute to the development of weapons of ,ass destruction and their means of delivery

 

 

Law No. 9.782, 26 January 1999

Defines the National System of Sanitary Vigilance, creating a National Agency of Sanitary Vigilance.

http://www.anvisa.gov.br/hotsite/genericos/legis/md/2039_20_e.htm#http://www.anvisa.gov.br/hotsite/genericos/legis/md/2039_20_e.htm#

 

Decree No. 3665, 20 November 2000

Updates document “Regulations for the Supervision of Controlled Products” (R-105), contained in Decree no. 24602 of July 6, 1934. Determines the responsibility of the Brazilian Army in controlling products with destructive power or any other property that may pose a risk to natural and legal persons (arms, explosives, pyrotechnic materials, ammunition, parts and components). With regard to activities related specifically to the production, development and commercialization of materials and equipment that may be used in the fabrication of missiles, this control is exercised by the Army Command. With regard to the transport of these products, requirements established by the Navy Command (in case of maritime transportation), by the Air Force Command (air transportation) or by the Army Command (terrestrial transportation) must be observed.

 

 

Provisional Remedy No. 2.039-20, 25 August 2000

Alters provisions of Law No. 9.782, of January 26, 1999, which Defines the National Sanitary Surveillance System, establishes the National Sanitary Surveillance Agency and sets out other provisions.

http://www.anvisa.gov.br/hotsite/genericos/legis/md/2039_20_e.htm#http://www.anvisa.gov.br/hotsite/genericos/legis/md/2039_20_e.htm#

 

Decree No. 3665, 20 November 2000

Control of means of delivery, parts and propellants

 

 

Provisional Measure No. 2191-9,  23 August 2001

Determines that besides controlling and monitoring activities and projects related to GMOs, it is incumbent upon the National Technical Bio-safety Commission to establish the bio-safety level to be applied to the GMOs and their uses, as well as the safety measures and procedures for their use, according to standards established by Law.

 

 

ANVISA Administrative Act no 1985, 25 October 2001

Approves the technical regulations for transporting infecious substances and diagnostic samples

 

 

Provisional Decree 2186-16, 2001

Regulates relevant paragraphs of Article 225 of the Constitution concerning Articles 1 and 8 of the Convention on Biodiversity with a view to establishing rules for access to genetic patrimony and its associated traditional knowledge in Brazil so as to ensure fair distribution of benefits and to regulate associated technology transfer.  Prohibits access to any element of the Brazilian genetic patrimony or its use in connection with chemical or biological weapons.

 

 

 Inter-ministerial Regulation No. 631 MCT/MD, 13 November, 2001

Lists sensitive goods and conventional materials for military use subject to the National Policy of Export of Materials for Military Use (PNEMEM). Article 2 Establishes that it is “incumbent upon the Ministry of Defence to update the list contained in Annex I and, to the Ministry of Science and Technology (to update) the list contained in Annex II, which refers to items in the chemical area and means of delivery”.

 

 

Provisional Measure No. 2186-16,  23 August, 2001

Determines general principles applied to the security of biological materials. Regulates protection measures and restrictions on the access to genetic heritage and associated traditional knowledge are defined. The Provisional Measure also regulates the access to, and transfer of technology for the conservation and use of genetic heritage. Specific norms are stipulated by the National Technical Bio-safety Commission, especially with regard to genetically modified organisms.

 

 

Provisional Measure No. 2.123-30,  27 March 2001

Determined that the Ministry of Science and Technology would coordinate the works of the Inter-ministerial Commission for Export Controls of Sensitive Goods.

 

 

Normative Instruction No. 1, 8 July 2002 by the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Food Supply (MAPA

Establishes norms for the import of materials designed for scientific research, including organisms for biological control.

 

 

Decree No. 4.074, 4 January 2002

Regulamenta a Lei no 7.802, de 11 de julho de 1989, que dispхe sobre a pesquisa, a experimentaзгo, a produзгo, a embalagem e rotulagem, o transporte, o armazenamento, a comercializaзгo, a propaganda comercial, a utilizaзгo, a importaзгo, a exportaзгo, o destino final dos resнduos e embalagens, o registro, a classificaзгo, o controle, a inspeзгo e a fiscalizaзгo de agrotуxicos, seus componentes e afins, e dб outras providкncias.

http://www.mct.gov.br/legis/decretos/4074_2002.htm#http://www.mct.gov.br/legis/decretos/4074_2002.htm#

 

Decree No.4.214

[It] establishes the competences of the Inter-ministerial Commission for Export Controls of Sensitive Goods (CGBE).

 

 

Decree No.4.214, 30 April 2002

Establishes the competences of the Inter-ministerial Commission for Export Controls of Sensitive Goods.

 

 

Resolution RDC No. 210/2003

It is incumbent upon the National Sanitary Surveillance Agency (ANVISA) to establish norms and to exert control over activities in the pharmaceutical field. Specific norms for the licensing of activities and for the production of medicine are contained in. These norms aim also at ensuring the quality of medicine and to prevent the release of infectious agents into the atmosphere.

http://elegis.bvs.br/leisref/public/showAct.php?id=12422

 

Act No. 10701 of July 9, 2003

Amendment of Act 9613, of 3 March 1998, includes, among crimes of money-laundering, the financing of terrorism.

 

 

Decree No. 4.680, 24 April 2003

Regulamenta o direito а informaзгo, assegurado pela Lei no 8.078, de 11 de setembro de 1990, quanto aos alimentos e ingredientes alimentares destinados ao consumo humano ou animal que contenham ou sejam produzidos a partir de organismos geneticamente modificados, sem prejuнzo do cumprimento das demais normas aplicбveis.

http://www.mct.gov.br/legis/decretos/4680_2003.htm#http://www.mct.gov.br/legis/decretos/4680_2003.htm#

 

Resolution RDC no 210/2003

Best practices for production of medical goods.

 

 

Decree No. 4991, 18 February, 2004

Created, within the Ministry of Justice, the Department for Recovering Assets and International Juridical Cooperation (DRCI), which is responsible for, among other functions, identifying threats and defining effective and efficient policies related to money-laundering, as well as fostering a culture of combat against these illicit acts. It is incumbent upon the DRCI to coordinate the “Cabinet for Integrated Management on Preventing and Combating Money-Laundering”, established in December of 2003, which is responsible for maintaining a fluid and constant coordination among governmental institutions involved in the combat against money-laundering and organized crime.

 

 

Regulation 420/2004

Complementary instructions for the regulations for road and railway transportation of dangerous products.

 

 

Decree no. 4991, 18 February 2004

Facilitates financial detection and hindering of illicit activies including those that could contribute to the development of weapons of ,ass destruction and their means of delivery

 

 

Resolution No. 420/2004, 12 February 2004 updating Regulation No. 204, 20 May 1997

Contains the “Complementary Instructions to Regulations for Road and Railway Transportation of Dangerous Products”. The full text, in Portuguese, of the “Complementary Instructions to Regulations for Road and Railway Transportation of Dangerous Products”

http://www.transportes.gov.br/

 

Act No. 9.649, 27 May, 2004

It is incumbent upon the Ministry of Finance, through the Federal Revenue and Customs Secretariat (SRF), to exert supervision and control of foreign trade.

 

 

Regulation No. 49, 16 February 2004

Stipulates that the General Coordination Office for Sensitive Materials, within the Ministry of Science and Technology (CGBE/MCT is the organ responsible for controlling imports, exports and re-exports of sensitive goods. The CGBE implements controls and authorizes transfers of items contained in the National Lists of Control of Sensitive Goods and Technologies, after necessary consultations with other governmental organs involved. This activity is undertaken through the Foreign Trade Integrated System (SISCOMEX). This system enables the automatic detection of non-authorized imports, exports and re-exports, by centralizing all information on transfers at

 

 

Law n 11.105 of 2005

Establishes safety norms and regulations and verification mechanisms for activities that involve GMOs and their products.

 

 

Law No 11.105

[It] establishes safety norms and regulations and verification mechanisms for activities that involve GMOs and their products.

 

 

Decree No. 5459, 7 June 2005

Establishes sanctions for the development of biological weapons

 

 

Cibes Resolution No. 8/2007

[It is] the most recent legal instrument approved nationally. [It] establishes a List of Sensitive Goods and Directly Linked Services in the Biological Area. This list defines which microorganisms, toxins and equipments may have dual use and therefore must be monitored in the export, import and internal market areas.

 

 

Cibes Resolution n. 8/2007

Establishes a List of Sensitive Goods and Directly Linked Services in the Biological Area. This list defines which microorganisms, toxins and equipments may have dual use and therefore must be monitored in the export, import and internal market areas.

 

 

Brunei Darussalam

Biological Weapons Act, 1975

No Description Available

 

 

Internal Security Act 1984

has a provision to prohibit any non-state actor to manufacture, acquire, possess, develop, transport, transfer or use nuclear, chemical or biological weapons for terrorist purposes.

 

 

Poisons Act 1984

regulates the importation, possession, manufacturing, compounding, storage, transport and sale of poisons. A Poisons List under this Act, updated regularly, also includes chemical substances, which are used in pharmaceutical, manufacturing and agriculture industries.

 

 

The Arms and Explosives Act 2002

regulates the manufacture, use, sale, storage, transport, importation, exportation and possession of arms and explosives. The penalty for any of the offences under this Act shall not exceed imprisonment for a term of 15 years, a fine of BND $10,000 and 12 strokes of

 

 

Bulgaria

Law on Export Control of Weapons and Dual-Use Items and Technologies

No Description Available

 

 

Decision No. 704 on the adoption of Guidelines for Transfer of Sensitive Chemical and Biological Items of the Australia Group

No Description Available

 

 

Decision of the Council of Ministers

Designating the Director of the National Center of Infectious and Parasitic Diseases the power to give permission/certify to import and export bacterial, viral and parasitic strains for experimental, clinical and educational needs.

 

 

Penal Code of Bulgaria, Article 337

 (As amended – SG, Nos. 41/1985, 50/1995, 92/2002) (1), (2), and (4) and Article 339  (As amended – SG, Nos. 41/1985, 50/1995, 92/ 2002) The person who manufactures, sales, disposes, transports explosives, firearms, chemical, nuclear or biological weapons without licence form the government, is sentenced up to 15 years of imprisonment.

 

 

Ethics Code of the Bulgarian Scientists for Preventing and Fighting Bioterrorism

Code of conduct derived from the 2005 Meetings of the BWC.

 

 

Regulation No. 4 for the licensing of the production of veterinary medicines and preparations, 2003 Statute Regulations of the State

 

http://www.cp.government.bg/

 

Regulation No. 1 of the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, 4 January 2002

Provides for obligatory permission to work with dangerous pathogens, which are issued by the Director-General of the National Office for Plant Protection. Inspections are carried out by the Regional Office for Plant Protection. Each activity requires a special permission.

 

 

Penal Code of Bulgaria, Article 356

On other generally dangerous crimes, pertaining to Article 354, imprisonment should be of 5 years. Foreigners on Bulgarian soil planning a to commit a crime abroad under Article 354, will be punished.

 

 

Penal Code of Bulgaria, Article 415

On war crimes and offences against humanity in violation of the rules of international law for waging war uses or orders nuclear or chemical weapons for waging war. 10 years imprisonment provision

 

 

Penal Code of Bulgaria, Article 337

Under the article, a person who manufactures, processes, repairs, develops, keeps, stockpiles, trades in, transports or exports explosives, firearms, chemical, biological or nuclear weapons or ammunition, without having the right to do so by law, or without a license, shall be punished by deprivation of liberty from 1 to 6 years.  If the crime is committed by an official or is the second time the punishment will be 2 to 8 years.  Finally, while the object of the crime has been of a large amount the punishment shall be deprivation of liberty from 3 to 10 years and 5 to 15 years of the object of the crime was a particularly large amount.

 

 

Penal Code of Bulgaria, Article 354

On crimes against the health of the nation related to possession poisonous substances.  Any person who, without due permission, acquires, holds or gives to another a substance with strong effect or a toxic substance, different from narcotic substances placed under a different permission regime, shall be punished with deprivation of liberty for up to 2 years or a fine of 100-300 leva.  If the act above is performed systematically, the deprivation of liberty will be fore up to 3 years and a fine of 100 to 300 leva.

 

 

Penal Code of Bulgaria, Article 349

Any person who deliberately poisons a water supply will be punished by deprivation of liberty from 2 to 8 years.  If this action causes severe bodily harm, the punishment will be 3 to 10 years and if death is caused the punishment will be deprivation of liberty from 10 to 20 years, a life sentence, or a life sentence without possibility of commutation.  An amendment was added to the act in 1985 which notes that the punishment will be imposed on any person who disseminates agents of epidemic disease with the intent to infect other people.

 

 

Penal Code of Bulgaria, Article 339

Under the article, any person who, by any means whatsoever acquires, holds or gives to another, explosives, firearms, chemical, biological or nuclear weapons or ammunition, without due permit therefore, shall be punished by deprivation of liberty for up to 6 years. Where the explosives, firearms, chemical, biological or nuclear weapons or ammunition have been in large quantities, the punishment shall be deprivation of liberty from 3 to 8 years.A person who appropriates or gives explosives or firearms, chemical or biological or nuclear weapons to a person who has no permit for their acquisition shall be punished with a deprivation of liberty for up to 6 years.

 

 

Penal Code of Bulgaria Article 356b

Foreigners on Bulgarian soil planning a to commit a crime abroad under Article 354, will be punished.

http://projects.sipri.se/expcon/natexpcon/Bulgaria/bulgaria.htm#http://projects.sipri.se/expcon/natexpcon/Bulgaria/bulgaria.htm#

 

Penal Code of Bulgaria Article 356

On other generally dangerous crimes, pertaining to Article 354, imprisonment should be of 5 years.

http://projects.sipri.se/expcon/natexpcon/Bulgaria/bulgaria.htm#http://projects.sipri.se/expcon/natexpcon/Bulgaria/bulgaria.htm#

 

Penal Code of Bulgaria Article 354

On crimes against the health of the nation related to possession poisonous substances. 2-year imprisonment provision.

http://projects.sipri.se/expcon/natexpcon/Bulgaria/bulgaria.htm#http://projects.sipri.se/expcon/natexpcon/Bulgaria/bulgaria.htm#

 

Penal Code of Bulgaria Article 233

A person or persons engaged in foreign trade  activity with dual–use goods and technologies and arms without authorization shall be penalized with imprisonment for a period up to 8 years and with the fine up to 1 000 000 leva.

http://projects.sipri.se/expcon/natexpcon/Bulgaria/bulgaria.htm#http://projects.sipri.se/expcon/natexpcon/Bulgaria/bulgaria.htm#

 

Penal Code of Bulgaria Article 415

Article 415  On war crimes and offenses against humanity in violation of the rules of international law.   Stipulates that whoever uses or order the use of bacteriological, biological or toxin weapons, shall be punished by deprivation of liberty for up to a life sentence without the possibility of commutation.  Even if a person only undertakes military preparation for using bacteriological, biological or toxin weapons as a method of warfare (without actually using them), he shall be punished by a deprivation of liberty for up to 6 years.

http://projects.sipri.se/expcon/natexpcon/Bulgaria/bulgaria.htm#http://projects.sipri.se/expcon/natexpcon/Bulgaria/bulgaria.htm#

 

Implementation Act of the BWC, No.54, 1972

Implements the Convention

 

 

Regulation for the Production, Trade, Stockpiling, Transportation and Use of Highly Poisonous Substances, 1973

No Description Available

 

 

State Gazette No. 46, 1975

Promulgates the text of the BTWC in Bulgaria.

 

 

Regulation No. 27 on the Import of Goods of Significance for the Public Health, 17 August 1995

No Description Available

 

 

Decree for Adoption of Regulation on implementation of the Law on the Control of Foreign Trade Activity in Arms and Dual-Use Goods

Decrees that the commission for control of and permission of foreign trade transactions with arms and with dual-use goods and technologies is in charge of issuing permits for foreign trade transactions of armaments and dual-use goods and technologies.

http://www.mi.government.bg/eng/trade/polit/docs.html?id=5451#http://www.mi.government.bg/eng/trade/polit/docs.html?id=5451#

 

Law on Plant Protection, 1997    (State Gazette No. 91/97 amended No. 90/99)

No Description Available

 

 

Regulation No. 1 on Phystosanitary Control, 27 May 1998

No Description Available

 

 

Law on the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons and Control of Toxic Chemical Substances and Their Precursors, No. 8 of 2000

No Description Available

 

 

EC Regulation 1334/2000

Includes export controm provisions,  licensing provisions and the control lists

 

 

Regulation on the Implementation of the Law on the Veterinary-Medical Activities, 2000

No Description Available

 

 

Penal Code of Bulgaria, Article 415a

A person who undertakes military preparation for using nuclear, chemical bacteriological, biological or toxin weapons as method of warfare, shall be punished by deprivation of liberty from 1 to 6 years.

 

 

Regulation of the Ministry of Health No. 4, 14 October 2002

On the protection from risks, related to the exposure to biological agents.  Contains a list of agents considered dual-use biological agents.

 

 

Penal Code of Bulgaria, Article 353b

A person who, in violation of international treaties to which Bulgaria is a State Party, carries across the state border dangerous waste, toxic chemical substances, biological agents, toxins and radioactive materials, shall be punished with deprivation of liberty from 1 to 5 years and a fine of 1000 to 3000 Bulgarian leva.

 

 

Ammendment to the Law on the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons and Control of Toxic Chemical Substances and Their Precursors, No.

No Description Available

 

 

Regulation No. 4 of the Ministry of Health, 14 October, 2002

On the protection from risks, related to the exposure to biological agents. Contains a list of agents considered dual use biological agents.

 

 

Law on the Control of Foreign Trade Activity in Arms and Dual-use Technologies and Goods, 3 September 2002

Article 4.3  Provides for the introduction of restrictions and impose bans on the execution of foreign trade activity in arms and in the dual-use goods and technologies by the Council of Ministers.

http://www.mi.government.bg/eng/trade/polit/docs.html?id=5447#http://www.mi.government.bg/eng/trade/polit/docs.html?id=5447#

 

Decision No. 704 on the adoption of the Guidelines for Transfer of Sensitive Chemical and Biological Items of the Australia Group -

Reflects the Council of Ministers adoption of the Guidelines for Transfer of Sensitive Chemical and Biological Items, agreed to at the 3-6 June 2002 Plenary Meeting of the States Participating in the Australia Group.

http://www.mfa.government.bg/index_en.html#http://www.mfa.government.bg/index_en.html#

 

Regulation No. 1 of the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, 4 January 2002

Provides for obligatory permission to work with dangerous pathogens, which are issued by the Director General of the National Office for Plant Protection.  Inspections are carried out by the Regional Office for Plant Protection.  Every single activity requires a special

 

 

Regulation No. 4 for the licensing of the production of veterinary medicines and preparations, 2003

No Description Available

 

 

Decree No. 69 of the Council of Ministers, 31 March 2004, List of the Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies

Updates, in compliance with the Council Regulations of EC, the existing List of the Regulations for implementation of the Law on Control of Foreign Trade Activity in Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies

 

 

Cambodia

Constitution of Cambodia, 1993

Article 54 on Prohibited Weapons   Prohibits the manufacturing, use and storage of chemical, nuclear and biological weapons.

 

 

Law No. 38/ANK/BK on the Management and Control of Importation, Production, Sale, Purchase, Distribution, and Use of all Kinds of

No Description Available

 

 

Decision 41/ANK/BK on the Creation of a National Committee for Reform of Weapons and Explosives Management in Cambodia, 21

Creates a National Committee for Reform of Weapons and Explosives Management to: prepare draft laws on the management and use of weapons and explosives; to define procedures for control, management, use, storage of weapons and explosives at all entities; to confiscate and collect weapons and explosives which are illegally possessed, used and kept; and to identify entity and composition that are eligible to use weapons and explosives.

 

 

Law on the Classification of Toxic Substances in the Health Sector, 14 June 2000

No Description Available

 

 

Canada

Public Safety Act c. 17

Section 23 is entitled the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention Implementation Act.  It will prohibit a person to develop, produce, retain, stockpile, otherwise acquire or possess, use or transfer (a) any microbial or other biological agent, or any toxin, for any purpose other than prophylactic, protective or other peaceful purposes and (b) any weapon, equipment or means of delivery designed to use such an agent or toxin for hostile purposes or in armed conflict.  It will permit the Governor in Council to elaborate regulations and establish the responsible authority and inspectorate for implementation and overseeing of these regulations. It will allow for the appointment of inspectors to enforce the Act; and, through amendments to the Criminal Code, will establish severe penalties for violations.  The Act will also set out lesser penalties for interference with its application.

 

 

Laboratory Center for Disease Control Laboratory Safety Guidelines

No Description Available

#http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/hpb/lcdc/biosafety/docs/index.htm#

 

Hazardous Products Act, c. H-3, 1985

This Act controls the sale, advertising and importation of hazardous products used by consumers in the workplace that are not covered by other acts and listed as prohibited or restricted products. The Act covers consumer products which are poisonous, toxic, flammable, explosive, corrosive, infectious, oxidizing and reactive; workplace hazardous materials; products intended for domestic or personal use, gardening, sports or other recreational activities, for lifesaving or for children (i.e., toys, games and equipment) which pose or are likely to pose a hazard to public health and safety because of their design, construction or contents.

 

 

Quarantine Act, c. Q-1, 1985

The Act authorizes the Minister of Health to establish quarantine stations and quarantine areas anywhere and to designate quarantine officers. These officers may inspect conveyances arriving in or departing from Canada, take protective measures against infested conveyances and their cargo and quarantine persons found infected with infectious or contagious diseases that would constitute a grave danger to public health in Canada.

 

 

Criminal Code R.S. c. C-46, 1985

Section 34 of the Interpretation Acti is interpreted to mean that the „party” and „attempts” provisions of the Criminal Code also apply to offences created under the above statutes, to those who commit the act or omission, as well as accomplices and those who assist or attempt the act or omission. There are specific Criminal Code offences that could, depending on the circumstances, pertain to the shipment of items of proliferation concern. Under terrorism, Subsection 83.01(1) sets out key definitions, including those of terrorist activity, terrorist group and crimes. Under Part XI, Wilful and Forbidden Acts in Respect of Certain Property, Section 431.2(1) defines explosive or other lethal device to mean: (a) an explosive or incendiary weapon or device that is designed to cause, or is capable of causing, death, serious bodily injury or substantial material damage; or (b) a weapon or device that is designed to cause, or is capable of causing. Death or serious bodily injury or substantial material damage through the release, dissemination or impact of toxic chemicals, biological agents or toxins or similar substances, or radiation or radioactive material. Under Firearms and Other Weapons, in section 2 of the Criminal Code defines weapon as anything used, designed to be used or intended for use: (a) in causing death or injury to any person; or b) for the purpose of threatening or intimidating any person, ands includes a firearm. Crimes include s. 88: Possession of a weapon for a dangerous purpose.

http://laws.justice.gc.ca/en/c-46/41584.html

 

Export and Imports Permit Act c. E-19, 1985

Gives the government the power to establish an Export Control List in order to control the export of certain goods and to meet its international commitments to prevent, among other things, the proliferation of missile technology as well as biological, chemical and nuclear weapons.

http://laws.justice.gc.ca/en/E-19/text.html#http://laws.justice.gc.ca/en/E-19/text.html#

 

Fertilizers Act, c. F-10, 1985

Section 4 prohibits the sale of any fertilizer or supplement that contains destructive ingredients or properties harmful to plant growth when used according to the directions that accompany the fertilizer or supplement or that appear on the label of the package in which the fertilizer or supplement is contained.

 

 

Pest Control Products Act, c. P-9, 1985

This Act and Regulations is intended to protect people and the environment from risks posed by pesticides. Pesticides include a variety of products such as insecticides, herbicides and fungicides. Any pesticide imported, sold or used in Canada must first be registered under this Act which is administered by the Pest Management Regulatory Agency of Health Canada.

 

 

Criminal Code C-46

Part II of the criminal code covering Terrorism, and Part III dealing with 'Firearms and Other Weapons' both have provisions which support Canadian implementation of its BTWC obligations. In addition, the Criminal Code, in dealing with issues pertaining to 'use' of biological and toxin weapons, covers issues that fall under sections of the 1925 Geneva Protocol.

 

 

Feeds Act c. F-9, 1985

Section 3 prohibits the manufacture, sale or import into Canada in contravention of the regulations any feed that may adversely affect animal or human health.

 

 

Emergency Preparedness Act, c.6, 1985

The Act sets the federal responsibilities in the area of emergency preparedness.  Section 7 establishes that every Minister accountable to the Parliament of Canada for the administration or affairs of a government institution is responsible for, inter alia, identifying the civil emergency contingencies that are within or related to the Minister's area of accountability and developing a civil emergency plan.

 

 

Security of Information Act R.S., c. O-5, 1985

Makes it an offence to be in or near a prohibited place (including defence works and places declared by the Governor in Council (GiC) to be prohibited places, on the basis that information about or damage to them would be useful to a foreign power), at the direction of, for the benefit of or in association with a foreign entity or terrorist group, for a Apurpose prejudicial to the safety or interests of the State (which includes, contrary to an international instrument to which Canada is a party, developing or using anything with the capacity to cause death or serious bodily injury to a significant number of people by means of toxic chemicals or precursors, biological agents or toxins, radiation or radioactivity or doing or omitting to do anything in preparation for such an activity.

http://laws.justice.gc.ca/en/O-5/

 

Biological and Chemical Defence Review Committee (BCDRC), 1990

The Committee is mandated to review annually the research, development and training activities in biological and chemical defence (BCD) undertaken by the Department of National Defence (DND) to ensure that these activities are defensive in nature and conducted in a professional manner with no threat to public safety or the environment.

 

 

Health of Animals Act c.21, 1990

Requires those in possession, control or case of an animal to notify officials immediately upon detection of a reportable disease or toxic substance and to establish a quarantine zone around the affected animal(s). Also prohibits the sale, disposal, transport of infected animals without approval. Also requires the veterinary certificates of good animal health for export or import of animals.

http://laws.justice.gc.ca/en/H-3.3/text.html#http://laws.justice.gc.ca/en/H-3.3/text.html#

 

Plant Protection Act c.22, 1990

Prevents the importation, exportation and spread of pests injurious to plants and to provide for their control and eradication and for the certification of plants.

http://laws.justice.gc.ca/en/P-14.8/text.html#http://laws.justice.gc.ca/en/P-14.8/text.html#

 

The Transportation of Dangerous Goods Act c.34, 1992

Outlines safety standards, procedures and standards for the transport of dangerous goods. Contains reporting requirements for accidental release of dangerous goods and emergency response provisions.  Outlines the punishment for offences under this act.

http://laws.justice.gc.ca/en/T-19.01/text.html#http://laws.justice.gc.ca/en/T-19.01/text.html#

 

Human Pathogen Import Regulations Act, 1992

The Office of Laboratory Security assesses and develops regulations for biosafety, biosecurity and BW non-proliferation.  The regulations control and track the use of imported dangerous pathogens in Canada.  Under the regulations a special permit for the import of dangerous pathogens.

#http://laws.justice.gc.ca/en/H-3.2/SOR-94-558/89991.html#

 

Department of Health Act c.8, 1996

This Act sets out the powers, duties and functions of the Minister which extend to all matters covering the promotion or preservation of the health of Canadians over which Parliament has jurisdiction including the protection of the people of Canada against risks to health and the spreading of diseases, and investigation and research into public health, including the monitoring of diseases. Under this Act are the Human Pathogens Importation Regulations which set out the criteria for the containment, safe handling and transfer of human

 

 

Canadian Food Inspection Agency Act, c.6, 1997

The Act creates an agency that is responsible for the administration and enforcement of the Agriculture and Agri-Food Administrative Monetary Penalties Act, Canada Agricultural Products Act, Feeds Act, Fertilizers Act, Fish Inspection Act, Health of Animals Act, Meat Inspection Act, Plant Breeders' Rights Act, Plant Protection Act and Seeds Act.

 

 

Emergency Preparedness Act C.6

Sets the federal responsibilities in the area of emergency preparedness, including biosecurity. Section 7 establishes that every Minister accountable to the Parliament of Canadefor the administration or affairs of a government institution is responsible for inter alia, identifying the civil emergency contingencies that are within or related to the Minister's area of accountability and developing a civil emergency plan therefore.

 

 

Environmental Protection Act 1999

This Act contributes to sustainable development through pollution prevention and protects the environment, human life and health from risks associated with toxic substances. Part 5 of the Act requires all substances on the Domestic Substances List to be categorised and screened for potential risks to human health, life and the environment. Part 6 outlines the requirements for the assessment and introduction of living organisms that are the products of biotechnology.

 

 

The Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention Implmentation Act (BTWCIA)

BTWCIA is framework legislation, paralleling the BWC and prohibiting the development, production, retention, stockpiling, acquisition, posession, use or transfer of biological weapons, as well as biological agents of types and in quantitites that have no justification for peaceful purposes. It provides a more complete legal basis than existed previously for the regulation of dual-use biological agents, carries much stiffer penalties for violations than in the past, and permits the establishment of a responsible implementing authority to oversee regulations.

http://www2.parl.gc.ca/HousePublications/Redirector.aspx?RefererUrl=%2fHousePublications%2fPublication.aspx%3fpub%3dbill%26doc%3dC-7%26parl%3d37%26ses%3d3%26language%3dE&File=349#77

 

Human Pathogens and Toxins Act

The purpose of the bill is to establish a safety and security regime to protect the health and safety of the public against the risks posed by human pathogens and toxins.

 

 

Human Pathogens and Toxins Act

 

 

 

Cape Verde

Ministerial Decree number 1-F/91, 25 January 1991

Establishes rules that industrial businesses which transport, stockpile, manipulate, treat and eliminate toxic or dangerous products must follow. The businesses that foresee the use of toxic or dangerous products must fill out a declaration form before the Ministry of Industry and Energy and which will suggest preventive and security measures. If accidents occur due to a failure to implement preventive measures, the Ministry can opt for closing of the establishment until a further inspection is done.

 

 

Chile

Sanitary Code Decree Law No. 725, 11 December 1967

Article 90. Fixes the conditions in which the manufacture, import, sale, withholding, transport, distribution, use and elimination of toxic substances and dangerous products of corrosive nature, irritable or inflamable; explosives of pirotectic nature and other substances that are harmful for the health, security and wellbeing of human beings and of animals.The products mentioned above can not be imported or manufactured in the country without previous authorization from the Direction for General Health.

http://ar12.toservers.com/todoelderecho.com/SeccionInternacional/Codigos/Chile/CODIGO%20SANITARIO-chile.htm#http://ar12.toservers.com/todoelderecho.com/SeccionInternacional/Codigos/Chile/CODIGO SANITARIO-chile.htm#

 

Law to Control Arms, Explosives and Similar Elements

Bans and penalizes the holding of biological weapons and similar weapons, namely chemical, biological and nuclear weapons

 

 

Law no. 17,798 of 1972

No Description Available

 

 

Customs Law No. 18.164, 17 September 1982

No Description Available

 

 

Supreme Decree No. 1876/95, 1995

No Description Available

 

 

China

The Administrative Measures for Animal Epidemic Reporting

No Description Available

 

 

The United Nations (Anti-Terrorism Measures) Ordinance, Laws of Hong Kong, Chapter 575

Prohibits the provision of weapons to terrorists or those associated with terrorists.

 

 

The Import and Export Ordinance, Laws of Hong Kong, Chapter 60

Imposes licence controls on the import and export (including transit) of related items, and prohibits the import or export of strategic items unless under and in accordance with licences.

 

 

The Regulations on Major Animal Epidemic Emergencies

No Description Available

 

 

The Animal Epidemic Prevention Law

No Description Available

 

 

Macao Criminal Code

Prohibiting the use of weapons and explosives. Criminalizes the importation, manufacture, storage, purchase, sale or transfer in any form or possession, transport, distribution, possession, use or carriage on the person, of prohibited weapons, explosive devices or materials, devices or materials capable of producing nuclear explosions, radioactive devices or materials, or devices or materials which can be used to manufacture toxic or asphyxiating gases, as well as the provision of support in any form to terrorists or terrorist organizations.

 

 

Decree-Law 77/99/M on arms and ammunitions

No Description Available

 

 

The Weapons of Mass Destruction (Control of Provision of Services) Ordinance, Laws of Hong Kong, Chapter 526

Prohibits the provision of services, such as brokering or financing, that could assist the development, production, acquisition or stockpiling of weapons of mass destruction.

 

 

The National Contingency Plan for Major Animal Epidemic Emergencies

No Description Available

 

 

Criminal Law of the People’s Republic of China, 1 July 1979

No Description Available

www.novexcn.com/criminal_law.html#http://www.novexcn.com/criminal_law.html#

 

Tentative Measures on the Administration of the Storage of Veterinary Microbial Bacteria Species, November 1980

Establishes the administrative authorities and detailed procedures on the classification, collection, supply, identification and storage, use and external exchange of veterinary microbial bacteria, viruses and pathogenic insect species.

 

 

Law of the People’s Republic of China on the Management of Drugs, 20 September 1984 (Amended 28 February 2001)

Stipulates the launch, examination, approval, routine management and supervision of the enterprises that produce or sell drugs. It also prescribes punishment articles and establishes detailed requirements for the management of medicament of medical units.

 

 

Law of the People’s Republic of China on the Management of Drugs, 20 September 1984  (Amended 28 February 2001)

Stipulates the launch, examination, approval, routine management and supervision of the enterprises that produce or sell drugs. It also prescribes punishment articles and establishes detailed requirements for the management of medicament of medical units.

 

 

Measures of the People’s Republic of China on the Administration of the Storage of Medical Microbial Bacteria Species, 23 March 1985

Provides detailed procedures on the classification, collection, storage, use, application and posting, external exchange of medical microbial bacteria species.

 

 

Law of the People’s Republic of China on Border Health Quarantine, 2 December 1986

Establishes that health and quarantine officers shall quarantine and monitor infectious diseases, carry out health inspections in accordance with the provisions of the law so as to prevent infectious diseases from spreading in or out of the country.

 

 

Regulations of the People’s Republic of China on the Storage and Administration of Microbial Bacteria Species, 8 August 1986

Details procedures on the separation, selection, collection, storage, identification, indexing, supplying and exchange of bacteria species.

 

 

Regulations on the Management of Veterinary Medicines, 1987

No Description Available

 

 

Customs Law of the People’s Republic of China, 22 January 1987

Establishes the Customs General Authority and outlines its responsibilities and authority.

http://www.novexcn.com/customs_law.html#http://www.novexcn.com/customs_law.html#

 

Customs Law of the People’s Republic of China, 22 January 1987  (Revised 8 July 2000)

Establishes the Customs General Authority and outlines its responsibilities and authority.

http://www.novexcn.com/customs_law.html#Compilation(Version13).htm#            1,69155,69250,0,,_ HYPERLINK "http://www.novexcn.

 

Environmental Protection Law, 26 December 1989

Article 24. Units that cause environmental pollution and other public hazards shall incorporate the work of environmental protection into their plans and establish a responsibility system for environmental protection, and must adopt effective measures to prevent and control the pollution and harms caused to the environment by waste gas, waste water, waste residues, dust, malodorous gases, radioactive substances, noise, vibration and electromagnetic radiation generated in the course of production, construction or other activities.  Article 43. If a violation of this Law causes a serious environmental pollution accident, leading to the grave consequences of heavy losses of public or private property or human injuries or deaths of persons, the persons directly responsible for such an accident shall be investigated for criminal responsibility according to law.  Article 44. Whoever, in violation of this Law, causes damage to natural resources like land, forests, grasslands, water, minerals, fish, wild animals and wild plants shall bear legal liability in accordance with the provisions of relevant laws.

 

 

Law of the People’s Republic of China on the Prevention and Control of Infectious Diseases, 21 February 1989

Promulgates the attached Implementation Regulations and establishes three categories of infectious bacteria and viruses based on toxicity and seriousness of the diseases caused, and spell out corresponding measures for the administration of the using, storing, carrying and shipping of such bacteria and viruses.

 

 

Law of the People’s Republic of China on Quarantine Inspection of Import and Export Animal and Plant, 30 October 1991

Promulgates the attached Implementation Regulations and stipulates in detail the quarantine procedures of the goods for import, export and in transit. The goods include animals, plants, animal or plant products, other quarantinable goods (bacteria, serum, diagnosing fluid, cast-off of animal or plant), and their containers, wrapping or matting materials and vehicles.

 

 

List of Articles Prohibited from Import and Export by Customs of the People’s Republic of China, 26 February 1991(Revised and

Lists weapons, toxins, narcotics, dangerous pathogenic bacteria, injurious insects and other harmful animals and plants and their by-products, food and drugs which may cause epidemics.

 

 

Law of the People’s Republic of China on Quarantine Inspection of Import and Export Animal and Plant, 30 October 1991

Promulgates the attached Implementation Regulations and stipulates in detail the quarantine procedures of the goods for import, export and in transit. The goods include animals, plants, animal or plant products, other quarantinable goods (bacteria, serum, diagnosing fluid, cast-off of animal or plant), and their containers, wrapping or matting materials and vehicles.

 

 

List of Articles Prohibited from Import and Export by Customs of the People’s Republic of China, 26 February 1991

Prohibits the import and export of various goods including various types of weapons, deadly poisons, and animals, plants and their by-products with hazardous germs or pests.

http://www.novexcn.com/prohibited_import_export_a.html#http://www.novexcn.com/prohibited_import_export_a.html#

 

Law of the People’s Republic of China on the Prevention and Control of Infectious Diseases, 21 February 1989  and its Implementation

Establishes three categories of infectious bacteria and viruses based on toxicity and seriousness of the diseases caused, and spell out corresponding measures for the administration of the using, storing, carrying and shipping of such bacteria and viruses.

 

 

Regulation on Plant Quarantine, 13 May 1992

No Description Available

 

 

Safety Administration Regulation No. 17 on Genetic Engineering, 24 December 1993

Promotes research and development of biotechnology in China while guaranteeing public health of common citizens, preventing environmental pollution and maintaining ecological balance.  Details safety control measures and legal responsibilities related to genetic engineering work.

http://binas.unido.org/binas/show.php3?id=9&type=html&table=regulation_sources&dir=regulations#http://binas.unido.org/binas/show.php3?id=9&type=html&table=regulation_sources&dir=regulations#

 

Measures on the Administration of Plant Manufacturing Biological Products (Promulgated by the Ministry of Health in October 1993)

Establish detailed requirements for the review, approval and construction of production facility of biological products.

 

 

Safety Administration Implementation Regulation No. 7 on Agricultural Biological Genetic Engineering, 1996

The measures establish corresponding safety levels according to the comprehensive evaluation on agricultural biological genetic engineering.  The experimental research, interim trial and production and different safety levels should apply to corresponding agency for approval.  The security control and emergency measures are also needed.

#http://binas.unido.org/binas/show.php#

 

Safety Administration Implementation Regulation No. 7 on Agricultural Biological Genetic Engineering, 1996

Promotes research and development in the area of agricultural biological genetic engineering with a view also to strengthening safety administration and preventing possible hazards caused by genetic engineering.

http://binas.unido.org/binas/show.php3?id=8&type=html&table=regulation_sources&dir=regulations#http://binas.unido.org/binas/show.php3?id=8&type=html&table=regulation_sources&dir=regulations#

 

Law of the People’s Republic of China on the Prevention of Animal Epidemics, 3 July 1997

Prescribes in detail the management of animal epidemics prevention, quarantine of animal and animal products, supervision of the prevention of animal epidemics management and liabilities.

 

 

Regulations of the People’s Republic of China on the Administration of Veterinary Drugs, 21 May 1987 (Revised on 29 November 2001,

Provides detailed procedures for the production, marketing, import and export, administration and monitoring of veterinary biological products. In addition, the Ministry of Agriculture has formulated, inter alias, the following administrative measures to ensure the effective implementation of the aforementioned regulations:Administrative Measures on Veterinary Biological Products; Administrative Measures on Imported Veterinary Drugs; Administrative Measures on the Management and Inspection of Veterinary Drugs; Administrative Measures on the Licensing of the Production of Veterinary Drugs and the Marketing of Veterinary Drugs and Veterinary Agents.

 

 

Measures on the Administration of the Reporting of Animal Epidemics (Promulgated by the Ministry of Agriculture on October 19, 1999)

Establishes the relevant authorities and stipulates in detail the reporting procedures.

 

 

Third Ammendment to the Criminal Code

Makes it an offense to manufacture, trade in, transport, stockpile, offer for sale, steal, seize or appropriate pathogens of infectious diseases and similar substances and laying down different criminal penalties according to the seriousness of the offenxw - it is also an offense to organie, lead or participate in any terrorist act, including acts of biological terrorism.

 

 

Measures for the Administration of License for the Import of Goods, 20 December 2001

Establishes the universal licensing system for imports.  The States shall practice a licensing system for the import of goods which have quantity limitation or other limitations.

 

 

Presidential Order No. 64 , 29 December 2001

Amends the Criminal Law (Articles 114, 115, 120, 125, 127, 191) to strengthen the law with regard to terrorist acts.  Prohibited activities include administering substances that are ‘toxic or poisonous, radioactive, pathogenic of contagious diseases’ (punishment 3-10 years imprisonment), spread of the same substances (punishment not less than 10 years, up to life imprisonment or death).  The article also provides similar punishments for illegally manufacturing, trading, transporting, stockpiling, stealing or seizing substances that are poisonous, radioactive, or pathogenic of contagious disease.  It also amends the criminal law to provide punishment of up to 5 years imprisonment for hoaxes including the administering of fake substances that appear to be toxic, poisonous or pathogenic of contagious disease.

 

 

Standards for the Quality of the Biological Products for Animal Uses, 2001

No Description Available

 

 

Regulations on the Import and Export Control of Technologies, 2001

Stipulates that strict control shall be exercised over the export of nuclear technologies, technologies related to dual-use nuclear products, the production technologies of controlled chemicals, and military technologies.

 

 

Regulations on the Safety Administration of Agricultural Transgenic Living Things, 23 May 2001

Stipulates the research, trial, production, processing, marketing, import and export of the agricultural transgenic living things. Also prescribes the safety of animals, plants and microbes.

 

 

Regulations of the People’s Republic of China on Export Control of Missiles and Missile-related Items and Technologies, 22 August 2002

The State controls the export of missiles and missile-related items and technologies so as to prevent the proliferation of missiles and other delivering systems listed in the Control List (attached to these Regulations), and shall practice a licensing system for the export of missiles and missile-related items and technologies. Part I covers missiles and other delivery systems (including ballistic missiles, cruise missiles, rockets and unmanned aircraft) and their specially designed items and technologies. Part II covers missile-related items and technologies, and is subdivided into nine major categories: re-entry vehicle components, parts and related technologies; propulsion-system components, parts and related technologies; liquid propellants; solid propellants and propellants constituents; guidance and control set, components and related technologies; target detection systems and related electronics; materials; ballistic missile- and rocket related design and testing technology and equipment; and production equipment and technology. In the scope of its controls, the list is basically the same as that of the Missile Technology Control Regime.

http://www3.fmprc.gov.cn/eng/33980.html

 

Measures for the Administration of Licenses for the Import of Goods, 1 January 2002

No Description Available

 

 

SAR Law no. 4/2002

Criminalizes the provision of prohibited non-military services article 20 on compliance with international instruments  article 21 on the trade in prohibited products or merchandise, article 22 on the use or provision for use of embargoed funds,article 23  on the supply of prohibited weapons or related equipment and the provision of prohibited military logistical assistance or services of a military nature.

 

 

Measures for the Administration for the Safe Import of Agricultural Transgenic Living Things, 5 January 2002

No Description Available

 

 

Administration Measures for Genetically Modified Food Hygiene, 8 April 2002

No Description Available

 

 

Measures for the People’s Republic of China for the Administration of the Export Registration of Sensitive Items and Technologies, 12

No Description Available

 

 

Administrative Measures for Genetically Modified Food Hygiene, 25 April 2002

Establishes supervision and administration over genetically modified food so as to safeguard the health of consumers.

 

 

Regulations of the PRC on the Administration of Arms Export 2002

To strengthen the administration of arms export and to regulate arms export. Stipulates that arms export can only be handled by arms trading companies which have obtained the business operations right for arms export; arms export shall be subjected to a licensing system; dual-use products whose end-use is for a military purpose shall be regarded as military products and be placed under control.

 

 

Military Products Export Control List, (supplement to the Regulations on the Administration of Arms Export) November 2002

Contains a detailed classification of conventional weapons and armaments, constituting a framework structure with the main body of four levels of weapon components, weapon categories, main systems or components of weapons, and the parts and components, technologies and services directly related to the weapon equipment, thus providing a scientific and powerful legal guarantee for strengthening the control of the arms trade and arms export.

 

 

General Guidelines on Biological Safety in Microbial and Biological Medical Laboratory, 3 December 2002

Establishes detailed requirements for the design criteria of constructing laboratories of BL2 and above.

 

 

Measures on the Administration of Animal Quarantine, 6 May 2002

Establishes that all animals or animal products shall receive quarantine inspection by designated quarantine officers prior to selling or moving from the producing area.  The consignor should apply in advance to local authority in charge of animal epidemic presentation for quarantine inspection.

 

 

Regulations on Labour Protection in Workplaces Where Toxic Substances Are Used, 3 April 2002

Establish measures on the safe use of toxic substances in working places.

 

 

Regulation of the People’s Republic of China on Controlling the Export of Dual-Use Biological Products and Affiliated Technologies and

No Description Available

 

 

Measures for the Administration for the Safe Import of Agricultural Transgenic Living Things, 5 January 2002

Stipulates the research, trial, production, processing, marketing, import and export of the agricultural transgenic living things. They also prescribe the safety of animals, plants and microbes.

 

 

Regulations on Labor Protection in Workplaces Where Toxic Substances Are Used, 3 April 2002

Establish measures on the safe use of toxic substances in working places.

 

 

Measures on the Administration of Animal Quarantine, 6 May 2002

Establish that all animals or animal products shall receive quarantine inspection by designated quarantine officers prior to selling or moving from the producing area. The consignor should apply in advance to local authority in charge of animal epidemic prevention for quarantine inspection.

 

 

Regulation of the People’s Republic of China on Controlling the Export of Dual-Use Biological Products and Affiliated Technologies and

Imposes a licensing system on the export of dual-use biological agents and related equipment and technologies. Without being licensed, no unit or individual shall export such dual-use items and technologies in the Control List. Exporter of dual-use items in the Control List shall apply with the competent export control department and provide the latter with certificate of end-user and end-use, document of guarantee and other required documents. Importer shall be obliged not to use dual-use biological agents and related equipment and technologies supplied by China for purposes other than the declared end-use or to transfer such items to any third party without the consent of the Chinese Government. The Regulations also introduce “catch-all” principle and provide for punishment for violators.

 

 

General Guidelines on Biological Safety in Microbial and Biological Medical Laboratory, 3 December 2002

Establishes detailed requirements for the criterion design of constructing laboratories of BL2 and above.

 

 

Administration Measures for Genetically Modified Food Hygiene, 25 April 2002

Establishes supervision and administration over genetically modified food so as to safeguard the health of consumers.

 

 

Regulations on Biosafety Management in Pathogenic Microorganism Laboratories

With regard to the safety and security of biological laboratory, storage and transport of pathogens and virus,… [these laws] stipulate in detail the classification and management of pathogens and microorganisms, the storage and transport procedures of bacteria, virus and their specimens, examination and grant procedures regarding the qualifications of laboratories and their activities, the supervision and liabilities, etc.

 

 

Law 7/2003

Establishes legal system governing external trade

 

 

Chief Executive Order no. 272/2003 on external trade

Prohibits the import into, export from or transit through the Macao Special Administrative Region of chemical materials and their precursors included in Schedule 1 of the Chemical Weapons Convention, as well as limiting the import into, export from or transit through the Macao Special Administrative Region of chemical materials and their precursors included in Schedules 2 and 3 of the

 

 

Administrative Regulation no. 28/2003 on external trade

No Description Available

 

 

Measures on the Administration of the Examination and Approval of Biosafety Management in Highly Pathogenic Animal

With regard to the safety and security of biological laboratory, storage and transport of pathogens and virus,… [these laws] stipulate in detail the classification and management of pathogens and microorganisms, the storage and transport procedures of bacteria, virus and their specimens, examination and grant procedures regarding the qualifications of laboratories and their activities, the supervision and liabilities, etc.

 

 

Measures on the Administration of the Prevention and Control of Infectious Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome, 12 May 2003

Establishes detailed procedures of the reporting, notifying and publishing, preventing and controlling, medical treatment of SARS.

 

 

Measures on the Administration of the Examination and Approval of Human Infected Highly Pathogenic Microorganism Laboratories

With regard to the safety and security of biological laboratory, storage and transport of pathogens and virus,… [these laws] stipulate in detail the classification and management of pathogens and microorganisms, the storage and transport procedures of bacteria, virus and their specimens, examination and grant procedures regarding the qualifications of laboratories and their activities, the supervision and liabilities, etc.

 

 

The Public Health Emergency Preparedness and Response Regulations2003

No Description Available

 

 

Regulations on Response to Public Health Emergent Incidents (Promulgated by the State Council on May 12, 2003)

Provides for the administration of quick response to serious outbreak of infectious diseases or unidentified mass diseases which may cause severe harm to public health, with a view to effectively preventing, containing and eliminating the harmful consequences.

 

 

List of Human Infected Pathogenic Microorganisms, Regulations on Transportation of Human Infected Highly Pathogenic Bacterium

With regard to the safety and security of biological laboratory, storage and transport of pathogens and virus,… [these laws] stipulate in detail the classification and management of pathogens and microorganisms, the storage and transport procedures of bacteria, virus and their specimens, examination and grant procedures regarding the qualifications of laboratories and their activities, the supervision and liabilities, etc.

 

 

Regulations on Biosafety Management in Pathogenic Microorganism Laboratories, 12 November 2004

Stipulates the classification of pathogenic microoganisms; the qualification for the collection, transportation and stockpiling of highly pathogenic microogranisms or its specimen; the classification of the laboratory; the qualification to be engaged in the practice in highly pathogenic microorganism laboratory; intection control measures; responsibilities and legal obligations of the health administration

 

 

Measures for the Administration of Quarantine Inspection on Import and Export of Transgenic products

With regard to biosafety of transgenic living things, Measures for the Administration of Quarantine Inspection on Import and Export of Transgenic products was promulgated and implemented in 2004. It stipulates that the General Administration of Quality Supervision Inspection and Quarantine is the competent authority responsible for quarantine inspection on import and export of transgenic products. A licensing system is established on the agriculture transgenic products in transit.

 

 

Law of the People’s Republic of China on the Prevention and Control of Infectious Diseases

[it]establishes the infectious diseases surveillance system and improves the system of reporting, notifying and publishing regime for infectious diseases.

 

 

The National Contingency Plan for Public Health Emergencies2004

No Description Available

 

 

Measures on Administration of Import and Export License of Dual-use Goods and Technologies

It clearly stipulates the licensing system of biological dual-use items and technologies, examination and grant of license, control list and punishment for violations.

 

 

Measures for Registration of Veterinary Drugs, Measures on the Administration of the Research and Production of Veterinary Drugs

With regard to the supervision of biological products…[it] establish[es] detailed procedures on the registration, production, research and supervision of the veterinary drugs and veterinary biological products, as well as the punishment provisions.

 

 

National Preparedness of Response to Public Health Emergencies and National Preparedness of Response to Medical Rescue on Public

[it] stipulates the functions and responsibilities of relevant competent authorities responding to public health emergencies, and the classification, surveillance, reporting, emergency response, and damage control of such emergencies.

 

 

Regulations on Response to Severe Animal Epidemics

[it] standardizes the procedures for diseases emergency response, stipulates the responsibilities of the competent authorities, enterprises and individuals, and improves the emergency response mechanism.

 

 

Preparedness and Response Plan to the Pandemic Inflenza of MOH (trial version), 2005

Stipulates the organisational system and command structure, responsibilities, preparation, classification of events and the response and supervision.

 

 

Export Control List of Regulations of the People’s Republic of China on Export Control of Dual-Use Biological Agents and Related

… [the list] was updated by adding thirteen kinds of pathogens, bacteria and virus, including SARS and one kind of equipment.

 

 

The Administrative Measures for Monitoring and Reporting of Public Health Emergencies and Infectious Disease Epidemics2006

No Description Available

 

 

Regulations on transportation of the Human Infected Highly Pathogenic Bacterium (Virus) or its Specimen, 1 February 2006

Stipulates the departments examining and approving the transportation of the human infected highly pathogenic bacterium (virus) or its specimen, materials submitted by the transportation unit, the qualification of the receiving unit, the requirement in the packing and caution symbol. Control measure taken during the transportation

 

 

Preparedness of Response to highly Pathogenic Human Avian Influenza, 26 May 2006

Stipulates the organisational management, case diagnostics and dissemination od epidemiological information, response and disposal, guarentee measures

 

 

List of Human Infected Pathogenic Microorganisms, 11 January 2006

Stipulates the name, classification of the harm degree, grade of bio-laboratory and the classification of transportation and packing.

 

 

Measures on the Administration of the Examination and Approval of Human Infected Highly Pathogenic Microorganism Laboratories

Stipulates the responsibilities of the organizations that examine, approve and inspect laboratories; the qualification, submitted materials, procedure and requirements for P3 and P4 biosafety to apply the Qualification Certificate of Highly Pathogenic Microorganisms Laboratory; the procedure, requirement inspection management and responsibilirt of the laboratory activities of the highly pathogenic microorganism.

 

 

The Emergency Response Law2007

No Description Available

 

 

Colombia

Political Constitution of Colombia Article 88

The manufacture, import, possession, and use of chemical, biological, and nuclear weapons is prohibited, as is the introduction into the national territory of nuclear residue and toxic waste. The State regulates the entry into and exit from the country of genetic resources and their use, mindful of the national interest.

http://www.senado.gov.co/Senado/decripc/Desconst.htm#http://www.senado.gov.co/Senado/decripc/Desconst.htm#

 

Penal Code, Article 16 on Extraterritoriality

Outlines the Colombian policy on extraterritoriality. Colombian law shall apply to any person who commits an offence overseas against the State, the regime, the socio-economic order and the prison administration.  The law also applies to an alien who commits abroad an offence against another alien if he is in Colombia, the offence carries a sentence of not more than 3 years in Colombia, the offence is not of a political character and a request for extradition has been refused by the Colombian government.

 

 

Political Constitution of Colombia Article 8

Prohibits the manufacture, import, possession, and use of chemical, biological, and nuclear weapons, reserving for the Government the introduction and manufacture of arms, war munitions, and explosives.

http://www.senado.gov.co/Senado/decripc/Desconst.htm#http://www.senado.gov.co/Senado/decripc/Desconst.htm#

 

Political Constitution of Colombia Article 223

Only the Government can bring in and manufacture weapons, war munitions, and explosives.

http://www.senado.gov.co/Senado/decripc/Desconst.htm#http://www.senado.gov.co/Senado/decripc/Desconst.htm#

 

Penal Code Article 358 on Possession, manufacture and trafficking in hazardous substances or objects

Any person who illegally imports, introduces, exports, manufactures, acquires, has in his possession, steals, traffics in, transports or eliminates any hazardous waste or residue covered by international treaties ratified by Colombia shall be liable to imprisonment for 3-8 years and a fine of 11-200,000 months minimum salary.  If pathogenic germs are released as a result of this activity the punishment will be increased by half.

 

 

Penal Code, Article 359 on  Use of launching of hazardous materials

Any person who employs, sends, remits or launches against a person, building or conveyance or in a  public place hazardous substances is liable to imprisonment for a period of 1-5 years (provided that such conduct does not constitute another offence).

 

 

Penal Code, Article 367 on Manufacture, importation, trafficking, possession and use of chemical, biological and chemical weapons

Any person who imports, traffics in, manufactures, stockpiles, keeps, acquires, steals, uses, or carries chemical, biological or nuclear weapons shall be liable to imprisonment for a period from 6-10 years.  The penalty shall be increased by half if genetic engineering is used to produce chemical weapons or organisms that could exterminate the human species.

 

 

Law No. 10, 4 February 1980

Adheres the Biological Weapons Convention to their national law.

 

 

Decree No. 2535, 1993

Provide for the confiscation of weapons – outlines circumstances requiring confiscation and assigns responsibility for confiscation.

 

 

Law No. 491, 13 January 1999

Article 17 on the possession, fabrication and traffic of dangerous substances.  The person who illicitly imports, exports, frabricates, acquires, possesses, supplys, transports or eliminates substances, objects, wastes or nuclear residue, will b imprisoned from 3-8 years and will be fined from 50 to 300 months of minimum wage salaries. The punishment will increase if the weapons are either chemical, biological or nuclear.

 

 

Law No. 559 on the Penal Code, 24 July 2000

Article 330 on the illicit managing of harmful micro-organisms. The person that manipulates, inoculates or  propagates species, micro-organisms, molecules, substances or elements that may be harmful for the flora, fauna and hydro biological resources or that may alter in a harmful way their population, will be imprisoned from 2-6 years and will be fined from 300 to 10, 000 minimum monthly wages. The person that engages in genetic manipulation or illegally introduces into the country GMOs will undergo the same punishment.  Article 332 on polluting the environment.  The person that pollutes the air, the atmosphere and other aerial spaces, the ground, the sub-ground, the water, the flora and fauna or hydro-biological resources, will be imprisoned from 3-6 years and will be fined from 100 to 25,000 minimum monthly salary wages. The punishment will increase if the perpetration was a terrorist act.

 

 

Act No. 890/2004

Amends Law no. 599/2000 and makes the following, in article 367, a criminal offence: “... A person who imports, traffics in, manufactures, stocks, stores, acquires, supplies, uses or carries chemical, biological or nuclear weapons shall incur a penalty of 6 to 10 years’ imprisonment and a fine of 100 to 20,000 times the current minimum legal monthly salary.” This provision allows the State security bodies to take action against the criminal activities of illegal armed groups.

 

 

Resolution No. 265, 6 September 2004

Prohibits the provision of any kind of support to non-State actors who attempt to develop, acquire, manufacture, possess, transport, transfer or use nuclear, chemical or biological weapons and their means of delivery.

 

 

Costa Rica

Civil Aviation Act No. 5150 of 14 May 1973

No Description Available

 

 

Act No. 8204

Regulates financial activities and establishing penalties to prevent penetration of money derived from serious crime and from all laundering activities, including terrorist related acts.

 

 

Penal Code

Sets down the primary laws through which terrorist acts are punished. Terrorist offences are not compiled under a specific section on terrorism, and terrorist acts are not specifically characterized in the Penal Code as independent criminal offences. Provisions outlawing various acts associated with terrorism are scattered throughout the code. Title XI, Articles 275-6 “Crimes against the security of the nation” Includes the crimes of treason and aggravated treason, which involve taking up arms against the nation Penalties are 5-10 years and 10-25 years imprisonment, respectively for these offences.

 

 

Regulation No. 16335-S concerning the general classification and terminology of dangerous substances, 3 July 1985

Modified by Decree No.21406-S concerning the registration and control of toxic and dangerous products or substances. Topics: classification; combustible substances; control of issue of dangerous materials; corrosive substances; dangerous substances; dissolved gases; explosive substances; flammable liquids; flammable substances; law; liquefied gases; radioactive substances; toxic substances.

 

 

Regulation No. 21406-S concerning the registration and control of toxic or dangerous substances, products and objects, 17 September

Modifies Decree No.16335-S of 1985 concerning the general classification and definition of dangerous substances. Topics: approval; classification; combustible substances; control of issue of dangerous materials; corrosive substances; dangerous substances; explosion prevention; labelling; law; radioactive substances; safety and health organization; toxic substances.

 

 

Regulation for the registration and control of toxic substances and of toxic and dangerous products, 21 March 1995

Concerns the importation, manufacturing, rebottling, sale, distribution or administration of substances, products and objects judged to be dangerous due to their radioactive, flammable, corrosive or irritant nature or for any other reason. Defines role of various agencies; information to be provided by importers, manufacturers etc. of toxic and dangerous substances and products (name and address of the company; name, properties and toxicity information of the substance or product; first aid and other emergency instructions); labelling requirements; updating of information on chemicals; importation, handling, use and storage requirements; emission of permits; technological emergencies; technical advisory services; prohibitions.

 

 

Arms and Explosives Act No. 7530, 10 July 1995

Article 25 (e) Prohibits weapons that, when used, produce asphyxiating, poisonous, paralysing, irritating or tear-inducing gases, except weapons designed to be used in self-defence with a tear gas content of no greater than 30 grams and security devices that use the same gas installed in safety vaults and establishments that require special protection, provided that such establishments are duly authorized by the Weapons Division of the Ministry of Public Security. Article 26 Prohibits the use, production or introduction into the country of gases for use as weapons, chemical compounds, viruses or toxic or deadly bacteria that cause irreversible physical or mental harm. Article 83 Provides that toxic gases and bacteriological and similar weapons that are confiscated must be rendered unusable in order to prevent any diversion. The Act also provides that the confiscated items should be turned over to the State.

 

 

Croatia

Croatian Criminal Law, 21 October 1997

Article 163  Defines the illegal sale or possession of both biological or chemical weapons, as well as any other weaponry banned by international treaty or convention, to be a criminal offence punishable by imprisonment. Paragraph 1: "Whomsoever constructs or develops, produces, attains, stores, offers for sale or purchases, brokers in the sale or purchase, possesses, transfers or transports chemical or biological weapons, or any other military equipment which is prohibited by international law, will be punished by imprisonment for 3 months to 3 years duration". Paragraph 3: "If the execution of a criminal offence pursuant to paragraph 1 of this Article causes the death of one or more persons, the executor of the criminal offence will be punished by imprisonment of at least 5 years duration or longer term imprisonment".

http://www.poslovniforum.hr/zakoni/kazneni_zakon.asp#http://www.poslovniforum.hr/zakoni/kazneni_zakon.asp#

 

National Security Strategy, March 2002

Expresses readiness and interest of Croatia in further modernizing its national legislation in terms of import/export controls through acceding to other international arrangements in the field of arms control like the Wassenaar Arrangement, Australia Group and Missile Technology Control Regime.

 

 

Law on State Border Control, November 2003 (within the framework of the 2001 CARDS Twinning Project for Integrated Border

Harmonizes the organization of the border police at regional and local levels with the EU legislation. Defines the strategy for the Development of Border Police in terms of organization, staffing, education and technical matters.

 

 

Law on Control of Dual-Use Goods Export , July 2004

The Ministry for Economic Affairs, Labour and Entrepreneurship is responsible for issuing import/export licenses for arms and military equipment for commercial purposes and for dual use goods, following the opinion of the Inter-agency Commission.

 

 

Cuba

Decreto-Ley No. 137

Establishes preventive sanitary-veterinary methods in order to guarantee in Cuba the well being of animals in general and the health of

http://www.magon.cu/sitios/uma/legalidad.htm#http://www.magon.cu/sitios/uma/legalidad.htm#

 

Decree-Law 165, Chapter VIII, Section 2, Article 33

No Description Available

 

 

Decree Law No. 99 on Personal contraventions

No Description Available

 

 

Resolution No. 87/99 on the Regulations on the role of the national authority according to the Basel Agreement on the transfer of

No Description Available

 

 

Resolution No. 77 on the Regulation on the evaluation of the environmental impact

No Description Available

 

 

Decree No. 181 Contraventions of the regulations on veterinary medicine

No Description Available

 

 

Resolution No. 19 on the Regulation on the contraventions regarding the environment

No Description Available

 

 

Law No. 49 on the Labour Code

No Description Available

 

 

Decree Law No. 170 on Measures of Civil Defence

No Description Available

 

 

Decree law No. 147 on the reorganization of the State's Central Administrative Organisations

No Description Available

 

 

Resolution No. 111 on the Regulations on biodiversity

No Description Available

 

 

Decree No. 100 on the General Regulation on the inspection of the State's Central Administration

No Description Available

 

 

Resolution No. 7 on the List of Products whose import, with no commercial means, through consignment , is prohibited

No Description Available

 

 

Accord No. 4728

Appoints the Science, Technology and Environmental Ministry as national authority in the issues referred in the Biological Weapons Convention.

 

 

Resolution No. 104/02 on the Regulation for the implementation of the requirements and procedures of bio-safety in the facilities which

No Description Available

 

 

Decree No. 104 on the Regulations and violations of the international sanitary control

No Description Available

 

 

Decree Law No. 200 on the Contraventions in regards to the environment

No Description Available

 

 

Resolution No. 441 on the List of objects on vegetable quarantine of the Republic of Cuba

No Description Available

 

 

Decree No. 175 on the Regulations on the quality of seeds and its contraventions

No Description Available

 

 

Decree No. 164 on Fishing Regulations

No Description Available

 

 

Decree No. 110 on the Regulation for the sanitary protection of pigs

No Description Available

 

 

Decree No. 139 on Regulatory public health law

No Description Available

 

 

Decree No. 101 on the General Regulations of the Protection and hygiene law in the workplace

No Description Available

 

 

Decree-Law No. 54 on Basic Sanitary Provisions

No Description Available

 

 

Law No. 41 on Public Health

No Description Available

 

 

Law No. 13 on Protection and hygiene law in the workplace

No Description Available

 

 

Decree Law No. 153 on Vegetable Hygiene

No Description Available

 

 

Resolution No. 130 on the Regulation for the national environment inspection

No Description Available

 

 

Resolucion No 346/86, 20 September 1986

Regulates the import of animals, animal products, or biological products of any origin which may harm the animal health in the national territory.

 

 

Resolucion No 366/90, 27 June 1990

Regulates the imports of materials under quarantine in the Cuban Republic.

 

 

Decreto No. 169, 17 April 1992

Imposes sanctions on those who violate the Law.

 

 

Measures on the Administration of Plant Manufacturing Biological Products, October 1993

Establish detailed requirements for the review, approval and construction of production facility of biological products.

 

 

Resolucion No 67/96, 7 October 1996

Establishes the creation of the National Centre for Biological Safety which will organize, direct, supervise and control the national biological safety system and will also organise, direct and control the steps Cuba has taken in fulfilling its obligations with international agreements, such as the Biological Weapons Convention.

 

 

Ministry of the Interior (MININT) Decree-Law No. 186/1998

No Description Available

 

 

Resolucion No 42/99

Establishes the official lists of the biological agents most used in Cuba and its distribution in risk groups to determine their safety requirements that, from a biological point of view, will be observed by the personnel in charge of their manipulation.

http://www.gtz.de/biodiv/workshops/cuba/cuba/pdf/cuba42.pdf#http://www.gtz.de/biodiv/workshops/cuba/cuba/pdf/cuba42.pdf#

 

Decreto-Ley 190 de la Suguridad Biologica, 28 January 1999

Complements Law No. 81 on the Environment. Within its objectives lies the goal of regulating the use, iport and export of biological agents products, organisms and fragments with genetic information. States that all activities on organisms are subject to go through a licensing procedure by the Ministry of Science, Technology and the Environment, which is the competent authority in these cases.  Article 13 addresses the assessment and issuing of licenses for activities involving a high biological risk.

http://www.gerona.inf.cu/uma/paginas/regulatorio/seguridadbiologica/decreto.htm#http://www.gerona.inf.cu/uma/paginas/regulatorio/seguridadbiologica/decreto.htm#

 

Resolucion No 8/2000

Establishes the group of norms that regulate the implementation of biological safety in the facilities where biological agents and organisms are manipulated.

http://www.gtz.de/biodiv/workshops/cuba/cuba/pdf/cuba8.pdf#http://www.gtz.de/biodiv/workshops/cuba/cuba/pdf/cuba8.pdf#

 

Resolucion No 76//2000

Regulates the proceeding from which the authorizations for “Biological Safety” will be solicited and granted for their use in activities related to the use, import and export of biological agents, toxins and the products, organisms and fragments of these, with genetic information.

 

 

Ministry of the Interior (MININT) resolution No. 2/2001

No Description Available

 

 

Act 93/2001

Contains efforts to combat terrorist acts and lists and criminalises the various forms of terrorist activity, including those involving chemical and biological agents.

 

 

Resolution No. 103/2002,  3 October 2002

Establishes biosafety requirements and procedures in facilities where biological agents, organisms and fragments thereof containing genetic information are handled. Determines technical and administrative biosafety requirements and procedures for facilities where biological agents are used. Basically, it stipulates requirements for the design of the facility, appropriate personnel practices and safety equipment for working with micro-organisms, toxins and invertebrates.

 

 

Resolution No. 112/2003, 22 September 2003

Establishes biosafety requirements and procedures in facilities where animals and plants posing biological risks are used. Determines requirements for design, appropriate practices and safety equipment for facilities working with plants and animals inoculated with biological agents, and transgenic or exotic plants and animals.

 

 

Resolution No. 2/2004 on rules for accounting and control of biological material, equipment and related technology

Establishes rules on the State System of Accounting for and Control of Biological Material, equipment and technology. Article 3, chapter I on objectives, scope and basic definitions prohibits in the national territory the conduct of activities related to the development, production, stockpiling, acquisition, retention, use or transfer of: (a) Microbial or other biological agents or toxins, whatever their origin or method of production, of types and in quantities that have no justification for prophylactic, protective or other peaceful purposes; (b) Weapons, equipment or means of delivery designed to use such agents or toxins for hostile purposes or in armed conflict.

 

 

Resolution No. 38/2006

Updates the classification of biological and toxin agents which affect humans, animals ands plant health into risk groups. It contains new criteria governeing the classification and explicitly mentions genetically modified organisms

 

 

Norma cubana No 573/2007 del Comité Técnico de Normalización: Seguridad Biológoica – Principios Y Vocabularios

Esta norma establece los principios de la seguridad biológoica así como la terminología más utilizada en esta especialidad.

 

 

Resolution 180/2007

Updates the resolution on the authorizations of biological security / safety

 

 

Resolución 103/2008 del Ministerio de Ciencia, Tecnología y Medio Ambiente, Reglamento del a Inspección Estatal de la Actividad

El presente Reglamento tiene los objectivos siguientes:a)           Comprobar el complimiento de la legislación ambiental, los procedimientos, las prácticas, los requisitos, las instrucciones y los planes de monitoreo, asi como cualquier otra normativa sobre las materias objeto de la inspección.b)     Prevenir o detectar la comisón de contravenciones, infracciones administrativas y posibles delitos en las esferas de la Inspección.c)        Disponer las medidas que correspondan para garantizar la protección del medio ambiente y el uso sostenible de los recursos naturales. d)       Verificar el cumplimiento de las medidas, lascondiciones y los requisitos impuestos en las licencias, permisos y autorizaciones otorgadas por las autoridades responsables así como, en otros documentos de control de la actividad reguladora.e)          Comprobar el cumplimiento de las instrucciones, medidas y requisitos impuestos como resultado de las inspecciones realizadas, de conformidad con los plazos exigidos para ello.f)            Comprobar el estado de los equipos, las instalaciones y el nivel de organización y utilización de estoros por los sujetos inspeccionados.g)  Comprobar la competincia técnica de los sujetos para realizar las actividades objeto de inspección por la autoridad responsable.h)           Exigir las responsabilidades que se deriven del incumplimiento de las disponsiciones relativas a la conservación del medio ambiente.i)          Contribuir al fomento de la educación ambiental de los sujetos objetos de la inspección.

 

 

Cyprus

Council Regulation (EC) No. 1505/2004

Includes details of export control

 

 

The Customs and Excise Law No. 82, 1967

Prohibits according to Para 49, any shipment or export contrary to any prohibition or restriction for the time being in force with respect to those goods under or by virtue of any enactment.  Outlines punishments for violation including a fine not exceeding three times the value of the goods or one hundred pounds, whichever is the greater, or to imprisonment not exceeding 2 years, or both.

 

 

The Defence (Exportation of Goods) Regulations, 1993

Provides the Minister of Industry and Commerce with the authority to prohibit the exportation, re-exportation or transit of goods with any destination, as prescribed by the Order, where the restriction and regulation of specific goods is deemed necessary.  Outlines provisions and requirements for export licensing and also provides punishments for violation of imprisonment for a term not exceeding 3 years or to a fine not exceeding 1,500 pounds or to both of these penalties.

 

 

Council Directive 94/55/EEC

Includes measures to secure the transport of biological resources

 

 

EC Regulation 1334/2000

Includes export controm provisions,  licensing provisions and the control lists

 

 

Ministerial Decree  133/2000 (2 June 2000)

No details available

 

 

Ministerial Decree 91/2000 (31 March 2000)

No details available

 

 

The Defence (Exportation of Goods) Order of 2000, 31 March 2000

Makes exportation, re-exportation and transit of the goods and substances referred to in the First and Second Schedule of this Order subject to an exportation licence in keeping with Cyprus’ obligations as a member of the Australia Group and the Nuclear Suppliers Group.  The schedules to the Order list the goods and substances subject to control.

 

 

Directive 2000/54/EC

Includes details of Licensing/registration of facilities/persons handling biological resources

 

 

The Health and Safety at Work (Biological Agents) Regulations of 2001 issued under the Health and Safety at Work Law.

Biosafety requirements for transfer of human, animal/zoonotic and plant pathogens

 

 

Ministerial Decree  354/2002

No details available

 

 

Ministerial Decree  355/2002 (26 July 2002)

Enduser certificate for biological agents, toxins, equipment and technology.

 

 

Ministerial Decrees 528/2003 (13 June 2003)

No details available

 

 

Law Regulating the Brokering in the Exchanges of Certain Goods - Law No.83 (I) of 2003

No details available

 

 

Ministerial Decree  62/2003 (31 January 2003)

No details available

 

 

EC Regulation 1504/2004

Includes exceptions from licensing and inclusions of technoligies

 

 

Ministerial Decrees 602/2004 (11 June 2004)

No details available

 

 

Ministerial Decree  601/2004 (in June 2004)

No details available

 

 

Customs Code Law - Law No. 94(I) of 2004

No details available

 

 

The Genetically Modified Microorganisms (Contained Use) Law of 2004

           Biosafety requirements for transfer of human, animal/zoonotic and plant pathogens•       Regulations covering medical/veterinary diagnosis work with biological agents and toxins•       Classification of human pathogens to risk groups•  Biosafety standards for handling of work with biological agents•           Genetic engineering activities/work with biological agents• Licensing of genetic engineering work

 

 

Czech Republic

Trades Licensing Act

No Description Available

 

 

Veterinary Act

No Description Available

 

 

Penal Code of the Czech Republic, Section 24  on control of exports and imports of goods and technologies subject to international

Should an exporter, an importer or any other entity of transport controlled goods from the customs territory of the Czech Republic abroad, or from abroad to the customs territory of the Czech Republic without a valid license although a license is required hereunder, the following penalties shall be inflicted: forfeit of controlled goods and a fine of 20 million CEK.

 

 

Biological Act

No Description Available

 

 

Act No. 594 of 20200404

No Description Available

 

 

Act No. 552/1991

No Description Available

 

 

Council Directive 94/55/EEC

Includes measures to secure the transport of biological resources

 

 

Decree No. 89/1994 of the Ministry of Industry and Trade, 12 April 1994

Provides the list of military matériel relevant to acts on the foreign trade in military materiel. And on the law 455/1991 (Trades Act) and 140/1961 (Penal Act).

http://projects.sipri.se/expcon/natexpcon/Czech_Rep/89Decree.htm#http://projects.sipri.se/expcon/natexpcon/Czech_Rep/89Decree.htm

 

Act No. 38/1994 of the Legal Code, 15 February 1994

Requires approval of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs for permits for foreign trade in military materiel, outlines licensing provisions and also punishments for violation under Act. No. 545/1990.  Article 4 notes that mass destruction weapons may not be the object of trade in military matériel.

http://projects.sipri.se/expcon/natexpcon/Czech_Rep/czeact38.htm#http://projects.sipri.se/expcon/natexpcon/Czech_Rep/czeact38.htm#

 

Council Directive 96/49/EEC

Includes measures to secure the transport of biological resources

 

 

Decree No. 43/1997 of the Ministry of Industry and Trade, 1997

Lists items subject to export control.

 

 

Decree No. 44/1997 of the Ministry of Industry and Trade, 1997

Lists items subject to export control.

 

 

Act No. 21/1997 on Control of Exports and Imports of Goods and Technologies Subject to International Control Regimes, 24 January

Implements a comprehensive legal norm, allowing the protection of state interests without unnecessarily limiting the business operations of manufacturers and dealers in controlled goods. Following the principles of EU legislation, this law strengthens the effectiveness of export controls through new instruments and powers for state authorities, and by the stressing of prior exporters' responsibility for the verification of end-use documents and of the stated end-use of exported goods. Includes a "catch-all-clause" and preliminary consent (voluntary or compulsory) to talks with foreign partners before the conclusion of a contract are specific elements of the national control

http://projects.sipri.se/expcon/dualuse/cze_act21.htm#http://projects.sipri.se/expcon/dualuse/cze_act21.htm#

 

Government Decree No. 192/1988 on the Code on Poisons and Other Harmful Substances

No Description Available

 

 

Act No. 166/1999

Implements provisions of the Veterinary Act on veterinary care and amends some related Acts on animal health and its protection, on veterinary conditions for import, export and transit of veterinary goods, on veterinary asanation and attestation study.

 

 

EC Regulation 1334/2000

Includes export controm provisions,  licensing provisions and the control lists

 

 

Act No. 412/2002 Criminal Act

No Description Available

 

 

Act No. 281 on the Prohibition of Biological Weapons, 2002

Establishes a governmental administration body to supervise observance of the prohibition against biological and toxin weapons, establishes a system of record-keeping, outlines licensing requirements for handling highly hazardous agents and toxins, defines government control and supervision over handling, defines the authority of inspectors and creates a legal framework for international inspections and establishes penalties and other sanctions for violation of the Act.

 

 

Decree No. 474, 2002

Contains the list of highly hazardous biological agents and toxins and outlines the professional qualifications required to handle these agents.  Also outlines the record-keeping and data system.

 

 

Act No. 186/2004 (amendment to Customs Code)

Makes it an offense to transfer biological weapons

 

 

EC Regulation 1504/2004

Includes exceptions from licensing and inclusions of technoligies

 

 

Democratic Republic of the Congo

Act on the repression of the crime of genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes

No Description Available

 

 

Denmark

List of Weapons Act

Contains relevant control list.

 

 

Penal Code

Sections 21, 23, 114, 114b, and 192a contain penalties for conducting, participating as an accomplice in, assisting or financing activities prohibited by the Convention

 

 

Weapons Act

Makes it an offense to carry out, participate as an accomplice in, assist or finance activities prohibited by the Convention

 

 

On promulgation of an act on a scientific ethical committee system and the handling of biomedical research projects

No Description Available

http://www.videnskabsministeriet.dk/cgi-bin/doc-show.cgi?doc_id=64467&leftmenu=LOVSTOF#http://www.videnskabsministeriet.dk/cgi-bin/doc-show.cgi?doc_id=64467&leftmenu=LOVSTOF#

 

Labour Inspectorate Directives Concerning Hazardous Substances and Preparations, May 1978

Guides plant management and safety services on the links between the legislation concerning toxic substances and the law concerning the working environment. Contents: rules for identifying substances according to the legislation concerning toxic substances (symbols and warning captions giving information on hazards, precautions, storage, permits to buy toxic substances); occupational safety and health (OSH) rules for using the products in workplaces, according to the legislation concerning the workplace environment; examples of OSH action to be taken according to identification codes (substances liable to explode in certain conditions, substances liable to cause fires, substances reacting with others.

 

 

Notification No. 684 on genetic technology and the working environment, 1991

No Description Available

 

 

Act on Environment and Genetic Engineering No. 356, 6 June 1991

Contributes to safeguarding of nature and the environment in Denmark, thus ensuring a sustainable social development in respect of human conditions of life and for the protection of flora and fauna. Also seeks to protect human health and nutrition in connection with genetic engineering.

http://www.mst.dk/rules/Acts%20in%20force/Agriculture%20in%20force/03010100.doc#http://www.mst.dk/rules/Acts in force/Agriculture in force/03010100.doc#

 

Notification No. 864 on biological agents and the work environment, 20 November 1993

Implements directive 90/679/EEC and applies to all work involving risk of exposure to biological substances (microorganisms, cell cultures, human parasites). The principle of substitution is stated, meaning that whenever a harmful biological agent can be substituted by a less harmful one, the more harmful agent may not be used. Work must generally be planned in such a way that no hazards occur. If this is not possible, other safety measures must be taken by the employer. Safety instructions must be provided in writing. If employees are exposed to harmful biological agents, a record must be kept of this for 40 years. Employees have the right to medical examination before employment and regularly thereafter. Work with harmful agents must be reported to the Work Environment Service. Any accident that might lead to the contamination of workers must be reported to the local Work Environment Service. In annex: list of microorganisms, with hazard classification and labelling requirements.

 

 

Medicines Law no. 656 of 28 July 1995

Includes provisions for licensing/registration of facilities/persons handling biological materials

 

 

Executive Order No. 468 on exports of dual-use goods, technologies and know-how about ratification of the Legislation of European

Supplements the following EU Legislation on control of dual-use goods. Applies to exports to third countries of dual-use goods, technologies and know how from the European Community's customs territory, including exports from the Free Port of Copenhagen and customs warehouse

http://projects.sipri.se/expcon/natexpcon/Denmark/den_execorder.htm#http://projects.sipri.se/expcon/natexpcon/Denmark/den_execorder.htm#

 

Council Directive 96/49/EEC

Includes measures to secure the transport of biological resources

 

 

Council Directive 96/49/EEC

Includes measures to secure the transport of biological resources

 

 

Directive 2000/54/EC

Includes details of Licensing/registration of facilities/persons handling biological resources

 

 

EC Regulation 1334/2000

Includes export controm provisions,  licensing provisions and the control lists

 

 

EC Regulation 1504/2004

Includes exceptions from licensing and inclusions of technoligies

 

 

Law no. 474 of 14 June 2005

Details the export conrols relevant to biological weapons

 

 

Penal Code - Law no.909 of 27 September 2005

Contains the penalties for breaching export control legislation.

 

 

ACT Number 474

On Securing Certain Biological Agents, Means of Delivery and Related Materials

 

 

Executive Order Number 981

On Securing Certain Biological Agents, Means of Delivery and Related Materials

 

 

Dominica

Extradition Act, Chapter 12:04

Prohibits the development, production, stockpiling, acquisition, retention or use of biological or microbiological agents or toxins of a type or in quantities that have no justification for prophylactic, protective or other purposes.

 

 

Biological Weapons Act

Prohibits the development, production, stockpiling, acquisition, retention or use of biological or microbiological agents or toxins of a type or in quantities that have no justification for prophylactic, protective or other purposes.  It also prohibits the use of these agents for hostile purposes or armed conflict.

 

 

Noxious and Dangerous Substances (Control) Act, 2 February 1982

Provides for the control of noxious and dangerous substances. Governs the licensing requirements for storage of such substances and for the inspection of premises. Grants the minister responsible for trade with the power to make regulations for the purposes of carrying out

 

 

Ecuador

Act on the Manufacture, Import, Export, Sale and Possession of Weapons, Ammunition, Explosives and Related Materials

Article 4 Controls chemical and biological products and items that may be used in, or adapted for use in chemical or biological weapons.Article 5 Authorises the armed forces to control ‘chemical, flammable, asphyxiating, toxic and corrosive substances’.Article 6 prohibits the possession of devices containing asphyxiating, tear-inducing, poisonous or paralysing gases.

 

 

Constitutional Law on Customs

Article 15 Dictates that the President of the Republic by decree and having obtained favourable opinion of the Council of Overseas Trade and Investments shall, subject to international treaties and when the interests of the country so require, reform or suppress customs duties both in name and in tariff.

 

 

Municipal Ordinance, on Environmental preservation and control in Gualaceo

Article 1 (g) regulates ‘under strict rules of bio-security the propagation in the environment, experimentation , use and sale of genetically modified organisms.  Article 1(h) prohibits the production, possession and use of chemical, biological and nuclear weapons, as well as the introduction into the territory of nuclear and toxic waste.Article 1 (g) regulates ‘under strict rules of bio-security the propagation in the environment, experimentation , use and sale of genetically modified organisms.  Article 1(h) prohibits the production, possession and use of chemical, biological and nuclear weapons, as well as the introduction into the territory of nuclear and toxic waste.

 

 

Health Code Law No. 188, 8 February 1971

No Description Available

 

 

Supreme Decree No. 3757 RO/331 on Weapons, Munitions, Explosives and Accessories, Manufacture, Import, Export, Sale and

Article 5 Extends the controls of the decree to various substances including toxic substances and facilities designed to produce, stockpile and sell those substances.  Breaches of the provisions of the law are subject to imprisonment for a period of 3-6 years and a fine ranging from 5,000-10,000 sucres.

 

 

National Constitution, 11 August 1998

Article 90. Prohibits the manufacturing, import, possession and use of chemical, biological and nuclear weapons as well as the introduction to the territory of nuclear residue and toxic waste. The State will regulate the production, import, distribution and use of those substances, disregarding their use be toxic and dangerous for human beings and the environment.Part VII. of the National Constitution on compromises to consolidate the outlaw of nuclear, chemical and biological weapons.Prohibits the development, production, adquisition, stockpiling and use of biological weapons and their toxins under any circumnstances as stated in the BWC of 1972.  Follows the confidence Building Measures set up in the 3rd Review Conference of the BWC.. Prohibits the development, use, production, adquisition or stockpiling of chemical weapons.

 

 

Joint Declaration on the Complete Prohibition of Biological and Chemical Weapons.Mendoza Compromise, 2000

Indicates a commitment not develop, produce, use, acquire, stockpile, retain, and transfer directly or indirectly, chemical or biological weapons.

 

 

Municipal Ordinance 1, Preservation of the environment in the Sevilla de Oro Canton, 22 May 2001

Article 1 (h) pertains to the prohibition on the manufacture, possession and use of chemical, biological and nuclear weapons, as well as the introduction into the canton of nuclear and toxic wastes.

 

 

Law No. 49, 20 January 2002

Amends the Penal Code with Article 437-a which indicates that any person who produces, introduces, deposits, sells, possesses or uses hazardous toxic waster, radioactive substances or similar substances which constitute a danger to human health shall be punished by imprisonment from 2-4 years.  It indicates a similar penalty shall be imposed on any person who produces, sells, possesses or introduces chemical or biological weapons.

 

 

Egypt

Act No. 4 of 1994

Regulates activities involving dangerous waste - including  a ban on activities involving dangerous materials and waste and a prohibiton on the transport of dangerous waste.

 

 

El Salvador

Criminal Code, Article 262 (B)

Any person who trades in, transports or induces into the country substances or materials that are classified as dangerous, violating security regualtions shall be liabel for 6 to 10 years imprisonment.

 

 

Act on Regulation and Control of Weapons, Ammunition, Explosives and Similar Articles

Article 58 prohibits natural and legal persons from manufacturing, importing, exporting, trading, possessing or carrying biological weapons and substances and materials for their production.

 

 

Decree No. 41. Special Regulation Regarding Dangerous Substances, Residues and Dangerous Wastes

Article  6: Obligations for the importerThe importer of dangerous weapons will have to provide the ministry the technical information to evaluate the dangerous weapons and the posible risks that these may cause to the human life and the environment. Article 17.  Responsibilities of the generator and other agents in the processThe generators of dangerous residues, just as natural persons or juridical persons that use, generate, collect, stockpile, re-use, re-cycle, commercialise, transport or treat such residues, will be responsible for fulfilling the arrangements of this Law, this Regulation and the technical rules from which these are derived from, being obliged to determine its danger and to register in the Council as well as updating themselves in such registry. Article 33.  On TransportProhibits the transport of dangerous wastes by air, except in small quantities that are accepted by the airline. In  such case, for the issuance of such Environmental Permit, the holder of such permit will have to present the acceptance in writing to the airline company. Restrictions will be applied to the transport of wastes observed in the Convention of  Basel and the rest of the pertinent international  treaties aplicable in El Salvador.

 

 

Environmental Law, Decree No. 233, 2 March 1998

Article 42. Natural persons or juridical persons, the State and its decentralised entities are obliged to avoid any actions that may harm the environment and prevent, control and denounce, to the competent authorities, the contamination that may harm the health, the quality of life of the people and the ecosystems, especially the activities that may contaminate the atmosphere, water, land and coast.Art. 57. The import, transit, distribution and stockpiling of dangerous substances will be authorized by the Ministry in coordination with the Public Health Department and Social Services, the Department of Economy and the Higher Counsel for Public Health; a special regulation will regulate the proceedings on this subject. Art. 58. The Ministry, in coordination with the Public Health Department and Social Services, the Department of Economy in accord with the pertinent laws and regulations of the same, will regulate the handling, stockpiling, and final of toxic wastes produced in the country. Art. 59. Prohibits the import of dangerous wastes into he territory, as well as its transit, spreading and stockpiling. Art. 60. All people, natural or juridical that use, generate, collect, stockpile, re-use, re-cycle, commercialise, transport and treat dangerous substances, residues and wastes will have to obtain the corresponding Environmental Permit in accordance with what is established in this law. Art. 68. The Ministry, with the support of specialised institutions, will apply the security norms of which they are going to rely on the resulting varieties from the human actions through biotechnology, supervising their work with the means to minimise the adverse impact over native biological diversity.

 

 

Equatorial Guinea

Legislative Decree 537

No Description Available

 

 

Estonia

Council Directive 94/55/EEC

Includes measures to secure the transport of biological resources

 

 

Strategic Goods Import, Export and Transit Act, 6 April 1994

Regulates the import of strategic goods into, and exports of strategic goods from, the customs territory of Estonia and the transit of strategic goods through the customs territory of Estonia. Also regulates the import of weapons and ammunition into the customs territory of Estonia, the export of single weapons from Estonia, and the transit of single weapons through the customs territory of Estonia; insofar as these are not regulated by other Acts. The export of weapons and ammunition from Estonia and the transit of weapons and ammunition through the customs territory of Estonia is regulated by this Act or international agreements.  The country’s export control system is based on the guidelines of groups such as the Australia Group and the NSG.

 

 

Council Directive 96/49/EEC

Includes measures to secure the transport of biological resources

 

 

Regulation No. 274, on the Establishment of Exceptions to Requirement of Import, Export or Transit Licences for Strategic Goods

Indicates that an import, export or transit licence shall not be required upon the import, export or transit of goods included in the list of exempt strategic goods in the mentioned Regulation.

http://projects.sipri.se/expcon/natexpcon/Estonia/esttransreg.htm#http://projects.sipri.se/expcon/natexpcon/Estonia/esttransreg.htm#

 

Regulation No. 281 on Procedure for Import, Export and Transit of Strategic Goods, 28 September 1999

Indicates that the Strategic Goods Import, Export and Transit Control Commission shall issue, extend and revoke import, export and transit licences necessary for the import of strategic goods into and export thereof from the customs territory of Estonia and transit thereof into third countries via the customs territory of Estonia.

http://projects.sipri.se/expcon/natexpcon/Estonia/estproc.htm#http://projects.sipri.se/expcon/natexpcon/Estonia/estproc.htm#

 

Strategic Goods Import, Export and Transit Act, 6 April 1994 (Amended 16 June 1999)

No Description Available

http://projects.sipri.se/expcon/natexpcon/Estonia/estlaw.htm#http://projects.sipri.se/expcon/natexpcon/Estonia/estlaw.htm#

 

EC Regulation 1334/2000

Includes export controm provisions,  licensing provisions and the control lists

 

 

Directive 2000/54/EC

Includes details of Licensing/registration of facilities/persons handling biological resources

 

 

Penal Code of Estonia, 6 June 2001 Article 103 on Use of prohibited weapons

Outlines punishment of 3-12 years imprisonment for use of biological, bacteriological or chemical weapons or other weapons of mass destruction, toxic weapons, toxic or asphyxiating gases, booby traps, expanding bullets, weapons injuring by fragments which escape X-rays, or other internationally prohibited weapons, or large-scale use of incendiary weapons under conditions where the military objective cannot be clearly separated from civilian population, civilian objects or the surrounding environment.

http://www.legaltext.ee/en/andmebaas/ava.asp?m=026#http://www.legaltext.ee/en/andmebaas/ava.asp?m=026#

 

Penal Code of Estonia, 6 June 2001 Article 93 on Manufacture and distribution of prohibited weapons

Outlines a punishment of 3-12 years imprisonment for a person who designs, manufactures, stores, acquires, hands over, sells or provides or offers for use in any other manner a chemical, biological or bacteriological weapon or any other internationally prohibited weapon of mass destruction or other weapon, or essential components thereof.

http://www.legaltext.ee/en/andmebaas/ava.asp?m=026#http://www.legaltext.ee/en/andmebaas/ava.asp?m=026#

 

Strategic Goods Import, Export and Transit Act, 6 April 1994 (Amended 19 June 2002)

No Description Available

http://www.legaltext.ee/en/andmebaas/ava.asp?m=026#http://www.legaltext.ee/en/andmebaas/ava.asp?m=026#

 

Statutes of the Commission (Government Regulation No. 26 of 29 January 2004)

Details the national licensing authority for export controls

 

 

Strategic Goods Act 2004

Details relevant export controls and licensing provisions

 

 

EC Regulation 1504/2004

Includes exceptions from licensing and inclusions of technoligies

 

 

European Union

Directive 89/391/EEC, 12 June 1989

Introduces of measures to encourage improvements in the safety and health of workers at work

http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=CELEX:31989L0391:EN:HTML

 

Directive 89/656/EEC, 30 November 1989

Provides minimum health and safety requirements for the use by workers of personal protective equipment at the workplace

http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=CELEX:31989L0656:EN:HTML

 

Council Directive 90/220/EEC, 3 April 1990

On the deliberate release into the environment of genetically modified organisms.

 

 

Council Directive 90/219/EEC, 23 April 1990

On the contained use of genetically modified micro-organisms.

 

 

Council Directive 90/679/EEC, 26 November 1990

On the protection of workers from risks related to exposure to biological agents at work.  Requires manufacturers, importers, distributors, and suppliers to provide safety data sheets for microorganisms.

http://biosafety.ihe.be/GB/Dir.Eur.GB/Other/90_679/TC.html#..\..\..\..\Desktop\EUappendix.doc#  1,6829,6963,0,,_ HYPERLINK "http://biosafety.ih

 

Council Regulation 2309/93/EEC, 26 July 1993

Lays down Community procedures for the authorisation and supervision of medicinal products for human and veterinary use and establishing a European Agency for the Evaluation of Medicinal Products.

 

 

Council Directive 93/88/EEC, 12 October 1993

Amends Council Directive 90/679/EEC on the protection of workers from risks related to exposure to biological agents at work to technical progress

http://www.brad.ac.uk/acad/sbtwc/btwc/nat_imp/leg_reg/uk/ec_dir_93_88.pdf#..\..\..\..\Desktop\EUappendix.doc#  1,6417,6581,0,,_ HYPERLINK "http://www.brad.ac.

 

Council Directive 93/75/EC, 13 September 1993

Establishes minimum requirements for vessels bound for or leaving Community ports and carrying dangerous or polluting goods.

 

 

Commission Directive 94/51/EEC, 7 November 1994

Amends Council Directive 90/219/EEC to technical progress on the contained use of genetically modified organisms.

 

 

Commission Directive 94/3/EC, 21 January 1994

Establishes procedures for the notification of interception of a consignment or a harmful organism from third countries and presenting an imminent phytosanitary danger.

 

 

Commission Decision 94/730/EEC, 4 November 1994

Establishes simplified procedures on the deliberate release of genetically modified plants into the environment.

 

 

Council Directive 94/55/EC, 21 November 1994

n the approximation of the laws of the Member States onteh transport of dangerous goods by road.

 

 

Council Decision 94/942 CFSP, 19 Dec 1994

On the Joint Action adopted by the Council on the basis of Article J 3 of the Treaty on European Union on export controls of dual use of goods.

http://www.caprioli.cc/entrata/d_1.htm#..\..\..\..\Desktop\EUappendix.doc#          1,1365,1459,0,,_ HYPERLINK "http://www.caprioli

 

Council Regulation 94/3381/EC, 19 December 1994

On a Community regime for the control of exports of dual-use items and technology.

http://www.caprioli.cc/unione/n9403381.htm#..\..\..\..\Desktop\EUappendix.doc#  1,1074,1176,0,,_ HYPERLINK "http://www.caprioli

 

Council Directive 95/44/EC, 26 July 1995

Establishes the conditions under which certain harmful organisms, plants, plant products and other objects listed in Annexes I to V of Council Directive 77/93/EEC may be introduced into or moved within the Community for trial or scientific purposes.

 

 

Council Directive 95/44/EC, 25 July 1995

Establishes the conditions under which certain harmful organisms, plants, plant products and other objects listed in Annexes I to V to Council Directive 77/93/EEC may be introduced into or moved within the Community or certain protected zones thereof, for trial or scientific purposes and for work on varietal selections

http://www.brad.ac.uk/acad/sbtwc/btwc/nat_imp/leg_reg/uk/ec_dir_95_44.pdf#..\..\..\..\Desktop\EUappendix.doc#  1,3889,4053,0,,_ HYPERLINK "http://www.brad.ac.

 

Commission Directive 95/30/EC, 30 June 1995

Adapts Council Directive 90/679/EEC on the protection of workers from risks related to exposure to biological agents at work to technical progress.

http://www.brad.ac.uk/acad/sbtwc/btwc/nat_imp/leg_reg/uk/ec_com_95_30.pdf#..\..\..\..\Desktop\EUappendix.doc#  1,6063,6227,0,,_ HYPERLINK "http://www.brad.ac.

 

Council Directive 96/49/EC, 23 July 1996

On the approximation of laws of the Member States with regard to the transport of dangerous goods by rail.

 

 

Council Common Position 96/408/CFSP, 25 June 1996

Relates to preparation for the Fourth Review Conference of the Convention on the prohibition of the development, production and stockpiling of bacteriological (biological) and toxin weapons and on their destruction (BTWC).

 

 

Council Decision 96/613/CFSP, 22 October 1996

Amends Decision 94/942/CFSP on the joint action adopted by the Council on the control of exports of dual-use goods.  Contains the list of dual-use goods subject to controls within the European Union.

 

 

Commission Directive 96/87/EC, 13 December 1996

Adapts to technical progress Council Directive 96/49/EC on the approximation of the laws of the Member States with regard to the transport of dangerous goods by rail.

 

 

Commission Directive 96/39/EC, 19 June 1996

Amends Council Directive 93/75/EEC concerning minimum requirements for bound for or leaving Community ports and carrying dangerous or polluting goods.

 

 

Council Directive 97/35/EC

Amends Council Directive 90/220/EC on deliberate release into the environment of GMOs.

 

 

Commission Directive 97/59/EC, 7 October 1997

Adapts Council Directive 90/679/EEC on the protection of workers from risks related to exposure to biological agents at work to technical progress

http://www.brad.ac.uk/acad/sbtwc/btwc/nat_imp/leg_reg/uk/ec_com_97_59.pdf#..\..\..\..\Desktop\EUappendix.doc#  1,5705,5870,0,,_ HYPERLINK "http://www.brad.ac.

 

Commission Directive 97/65/EC, 26 November 1997

Adapts Council Directive 90/679/EEC on the protection of workers from risks related to exposure to biological agents at work to technical progress.

http://www.brad.ac.uk/acad/sbtwc/btwc/nat_imp/leg_reg/uk/ec_com_97_65.pdf#..\..\..\..\Desktop\EUappendix.doc#  1,5350,5514,0,,_ HYPERLINK "http://www.brad.ac.

 

Commission Directive 97/34/EC, 6 June 1997

Amends Council Directive 93/75/EEC concerning minimum requirements for vessels bound for or leaving Community ports and carrying dangerous or polluting goods.

 

 

Commission Directive 97/35/EC of 18 June 1997

Updating Council Directive 90/220/EEC on the deliberate release into the environment of genetically modified organisms (GMO’s).

http://www.biosafety.be/GB/Dir.Eur.GB/Del.Rel./97_35/97_35_T.html

 

Council Directive 98/55/EC, 17 July 1998

Amends Council Directive 93/75EEC concerning minimum requirements for vessels bound for or leaving Community ports and carrying dangerous or polluting goods.

 

 

Commission Directive 98/74/EC, 1 October 1998

Amends Council Directive 93/75EEC concerning minimum requirements for vessels bound for or leaving Community ports and carrying dangerous or polluting goods

 

 

Council Common Position 98/197/CFSP, 4 March 1998

Promotes the early and successful conclusions of Ad Hoc Group negotiations and requires member States to continue to promote universality of the Convention.

 

 

Council Directive 98/81/EC, 26 October 1998

Amends Directive 90/219/EEC on the contained use of genetically modified organisms.  Requires Member States to take all appropriate measures to avoid adverse effects of genetically modified micro-organisms and carry out a risk assessment before release into the environment.

 

 

Council Joint Action 1999/878/CFSP, 17 December 1999

Establishes a cooperative programme for non-proliferation and disarmament in the Russian Federation.

 

 

Council Common Position 1999/346/CFSP, 17 May 1999

Relates to progress towards a legally binding Protocol to strengthen compliance with the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention (BTWC), and with a view to the successful completion of substantive work in the Ad Hoc Group by the end of 1999.

 

 

Council Directive 2000/54/EC, 18 September 2000

On the protection of workers from risks related to exposure to biological agents at work.

http://www.brad.ac.uk/acad/sbtwc/btwc/nat_imp/leg_reg/uk/ec_com_2000_54.pdf#..\..\..\..\Desktop\EUappendix.doc#  1,4989,5157,0,,_ HYPERLINK "http://www.brad.ac.

 

Council Directive 2000/29/EC, 8 May 2000

On protective measures against the introduction into the Community of organisms harmful to plants or plant products and against their spread within the Community

http://www.brad.ac.uk/acad/sbtwc/btwc/nat_imp/leg_reg/uk/ec_dir_2000_29.pdf#..\..\..\..\Desktop\EUappendix.doc#  1,3034,3202,0,,_ HYPERLINK "http://www.brad.ac.

 

Council Regulation No. 1334/2000

Article 4 extends to items which become subject to export controls if they are intended in their entirely or in part for particular end uses including in connection with the development, production, handling, operation, maintenance, storage, detection, identification, or dissemination of chemical, biological or nuclear weapons or missiles capable of delivering such weapons.

 

 

Council Directive 2000/29/EC, 8 May 2000

On protective measures against the introduction into the Community of organisms harmful to plants or plant products and their spread within the Community.

 

 

Council Directive 2001/83/EC, 6 Nov 2001

On the Community Code to medicinal products for human use

http://www.brad.ac.uk/acad/sbtwc/btwc/nat_imp/leg_reg/uk/ec_dir_2001_83.pdf#..\..\..\..\Desktop\EUappendix.doc#  1,2083,2251,0,,_ HYPERLINK "http://www.brad.ac.

 

Council Common Position 2001/931CFSP, 21 December 2001

Establishes a list of suspected terrorists, defines terrorism to include those who manufacture, acquire, possess, transport, acquire, supply or use WMD. Requires Member States through police and judicial cooperation to assist each other in preventing and combating terrorist acts.

 

 

Council Directive 2001/82/EC, 6 Nov 2001

On the Community Code to veterinary medicinal products

http://www.brad.ac.uk/acad/sbtwc/btwc/nat_imp/leg_reg/uk/ec_dir_2001_82.pdf#..\..\..\..\Desktop\EUappendix.doc#  1,2349,2517,0,,_ HYPERLINK "http://www.brad.ac.

 

Council Directive 2001/18/EC, 12 March 2001

On the deliberate release into the environment of genetically modified organisms and repealing Council Directive 90/220/EEC.  Establishes a regulatory framework for work on and release of GMOs.  Provides risk assessment criteria and emergency response

 

 

Council Regulation 2001/2432/EC, 20 November 2001

On a Community regime for the control of exports of dual-use items and technology

http://www.dti.gov.uk/export.control/pdfs/dual-use-regulation-1101.pdf#..\..\..\..\Desktop\EUappendix.doc#  1,500,659,0,,_ HYPERLINK "http://www.dti.gov.

 

Council Regulation 2002/880/EC, 27 May 2002

On a Community regime for the control of exports of dual-use items and technology.

http://www.brad.ac.uk/acad/sbtwc/btwc/nat_imp/leg_reg/uk/EC_880_2002.pdf#..\..\..\..\Desktop\EUappendix.doc#  1,180,342,0,,_ HYPERLINK "http://www.brad.ac.

 

Council Decision 2002/381/CFSP, 21 May 2002

Implements Joint Action 1999/878/CFSP with a view to contributing to the European Union cooperation programme for non-proliferation and disarmament in the Russian Federation.

 

 

Council Common Position 2002/976/CFSP, 12 December 2002

Most recent amendment of 2002/931/CFSP and its list, contained in the Annex.  Also repeals the previous amendment 2002/847/CFSP.

 

 

Council Regulation 149/2003/EC, 27 January 2003

No Description Available

#http://europa.eu.int/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexap!prod!CELEXnumdoc&lg=en&numdoc=32003E0149&model=guichett#

 

EC Regulation 1504/2004

Includes exceptions from licensing and inclusions of technoligies

 

 

Council Regulation (EC) No 394/2006 of 27 February 2006

Amends and updates Regulation (EC) No 1334/2000 setting up a Community regime for the control of exports of dual-use items and technology

http://europa.eu.int/eur-lex/lex/JOIndex.do?year=2006&serie=L&textfield2=74&Submit=Search

 

EC Regulation Number 450/2008

To establish a Modern Customs Code

 

 

EC Regulation Number 428/2009

Sets up a Community regime for the control of exports, transfer, brokering and transit of dual-use items.

 

 

Fiji

Penal Code of Fiji, 1978  Article 231 on Unlawful poisoning

Article 231 on Unlawful poisoningAny person who unlawfully, and with intent to injure or annoy another, causes any poison or noxious thing to be administered to, or taken by, any person, is guilty of a felony and liable to imprisonment for 3 years  with or without corporal punishment.

 

 

Penal Code of Fiji, 1978   Article 230 on Unlawful wounding

Article 230 on Unlawful woundingAny person who unlawfully wounds another is guilty of an offence and is liable to imprisonment for 2 years with or without corporal punishment.

 

 

Penal Code of Fiji, 1978    Article 229 on Maliciously administering poison with intent to harm

Article 229 on Maliciously administering poison with intent to harmAny person who unlawfully, and with intent to injure or annoy another, causes any poison or noxious thing to be administered to, or taken by, andy person, and thereby, endangers his life, or does him grievous harm, is guilty of a felony and liable to imprisonment for 14 years.

 

 

Finland

Penal Code of Finland, 39/1889

Chapter 1, Sections 1-3 on War CrimesChapter 34, Sections 4-5 on Health Endangerment (Amended 18 October 2002 with regard to terrorism and biological weapons)

http://wings.buffalo.edu/law/bclc/finnish.htm#http://wings.buffalo.edu/law/bclc/finnish.htm#

 

Biological Weapons Act (257/1975)

Makes it an offense to conduct, participate as an accomplice in, assist or finance activities prohibited by the Convention

 

 

Decree 258/1975

No Description Available

 

 

Order No. 492 Concerning Toxic Substances, 1 July 1980

Applies to substances having acute toxic effects on man and animals, corrosive, irritant, allergic, carcinogenic, mutagenic and embryotoxic effects, cumulative properties or other harmful biological effects, contains provisions on their declaration, importation and manufacture (prior authorisation from the Labour Inspectorate required), on the responsibilities and qualifications of middle-management staff supervising the manufacture or processing, and on storage and handling of toxic substances.

 

 

Ordinance on Toxic Substances, 1 July 1980

Covers biologically harmful substances which are acutely toxic for man and animals, corrosive, irritant or allergenic, which exert carcinogenic, mutagenic or embryotoxic effects, and which have cumulative properties. It lay down provisions for the declaration and import of such substances and for their manufacture (authorisation by labour inspectorate is required; the process must be supervised by qualified personnel); storage and handling.

 

 

Act on Animal Diseases No. 55, 1980

No Description Available

 

 

Act on Contagious Diseases 1985/583, 25 July 1986

No Description Available

 

 

Communicable Diseases Act No. 846, 1986

No Description Available

 

 

Communicable Diseases Decree No. 786, 1986

No Description Available

 

 

Act on the Export and Transit of Defence Material (242/1990)

Details export controls for brokering, trading in, negotiating, otherwise assisting in sale of goods and technology

 

 

Decree on the Enforcement of the Basel Convention 362/1992

No Description Available

 

 

Act on the Acceptance of Certain Regulations in the Basel Convention 361/1992

No Description Available

 

 

Government Decision on the Protection of Workers from Risks related to Exposure to Biological Agents at Work (1155/1993)

Details provisions for licensing/registration of facilities/persons handling biological materials

 

 

Act on Transport of Dangerous Goods 719/1994

Outlines safety provisions to prevent or avert any hazard dangerous goods might pose to people, the environment or property.  Applies to transport by rail, road, aircraft and vessel.  Outlines the obligations of the relevant authorities and all those involved in the transport process.  Also makes requirements with regard to the packaging of dangerous goods.

 

 

Customs Act (1466/1994)

Details penalties for breaching relevant licensing provisions.

 

 

Act on Transport of Dangerous Goods No. 719, 1994

No Description Available

 

 

Decision of the Council of Ministers on the General Guidelines for the Export and Transit of Defence Materiel 474/95, 24 March 1995

Sets general guidelines for the export and transit of defence material, and states that The Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention, The Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons and The Chemical Weapons Convention (ratified by Finland but not yet in force) should be respected.

http://projects.sipri.se/expcon/natexpcon/Finland/finguidelines.htm#http://projects.sipri.se/expcon/natexpcon/Finland/finguidelines.htm#

 

Act on Gene Technology No. 377, 1995

No Description Available

 

 

Decree on the control of exports of dual-use goods 645/96, 23 August 1996

Outlines the requirements of export licenses necessary for dual-use goods including for those falling under the regime for export controls in the chemical and biological field.

http://projects.sipri.se/expcon/dualuse/fin645.htm#http://projects.sipri.se/expcon/dualuse/fin645.htm#

 

Act on the Control of Export of Dual-Use Goods (562/1996)

Details export controls for brokering, trading in, negotiating, otherwise assisting in sale of goods and technology

 

 

Act on the Control of Dual-use Goods and Technologies No. 562/1996 (Amended by Act No. 891/2000)

No Description Available

 

 

Act on Veterinary Border Control No. 1192, 1996

No Description Available

 

 

Decree on the Transport of Dangerous Goods by Air 210/1997, 11 March 1997

Implements the Technical Standards for the Safe Transport of Dangerous Goods by Air published by the International Civil Aviation Organization.  Listed classifications of dangerous goods include toxic and infectious substances.

http://www.finlex.fi/pdf/saadkaan/E9970210.PDF#http://www.finlex.fi/pdf/saadkaan/E9970210.PDF#

 

Decree on the Export and Transit of Defence Materiel 108/1997, 7 February 1997

Outlines export and licensing requirements for defence materiel.  Allows the export of defence materiel and their transit only if an authorization (export licence) has been granted. Anyone who illicitly exports defence materiel or who surrenders or transfers abroad the right to manufacture defence materiel, or who transports, through Finnish territory, defence materiel into a third country, or attempts to do so, shall be sentenced for an export crime to a fine or to imprisonment for a maximum period of four years.

http://www.finlex.fi/pdf/saadkaan/E9970108.PDF#http://www.finlex.fi/pdf/saadkaan/E9970108.PDF#

 

Ordinance of the Ministry of Health and Social Affairs No. 44/021/97, 1997

No Description Available

 

 

Decree of the Council of State on Transport of Dangerous Goods in Packaged Form by Sea, No. 666, 1998

No Description Available

 

 

Firearms Act (1/1998 as ammended)

Relates to delivery devices.

 

 

Act 891/2000 amending the Act on the Control of Export of Dual-Use Goods

No Description Available

 

 

Government Decree 924/2000 on the Control of Export of Dual-Use Goods

No Description Available

 

 

Directive 2000/54/EC

Includes details of Licensing/registration of facilities/persons handling biological resources

 

 

Government Decree on the Control of Export of Dual-Use Goods (924/2000)

Details licensing provisions for export control

 

 

EC Regulation 1334/2000

Includes export controm provisions,  licensing provisions and the control lists

 

 

Decision of the Finnish Maritime Administration on Transport of Dangerous Goods in Packaged Form by Sea, 28 December 2000

No Description Available

 

 

Act on Transport of Dangerous Goods 719/1994 ( Amended 9 February 2001)

Outlines safety provisions to prevent or avert any hazard dangerous goods might pose to people, the environment or property.  Applies to transport by rail, road, aircraft and vessel.  Outlines the obligations of the relevant authorities and all those involved in the transport process.  Also makes requirements with regard to the packaging of dangerous goods.

http://www.finlex.fi/pdf/saadkaan/E9940719.PDF#http://www.finlex.fi/pdf/saadkaan/E9940719.PDF#

 

Decision of the Finnish Aviation Administration on Transport of Dangerous Goods by Air, OPS M1-18, 2001

No Description Available

 

 

Act 884/2001 amending the Act on the Control of Export of Dual-Use Goods

No Description Available

 

 

Decree of the Council of State on Transport of Dangerous Goods by Road No. 194, 2002

No Description Available

 

 

Penal Code of Finland, 39/1889, (Amended 18 October 2002 with regard to terrorism and biological weapons)  Chapter 11, Section 7b

Constitutes a dedicated criminalization of all acts that are contrary to the BWC.  Also the use of biological weapons is covered by this penal provision.

http://wings.buffalo.edu/law/bclc/finnish.htm#compilation14.htm

 

Ammendment to the Act on the Export and Transit of Defence Material (900/2002)

Details export controls for brokering, trading in, negotiating, otherwise assisting in sale of goods and technology

 

 

Decree of the Council of State on Transport of Dangerous Goods by Rail No. 195, 2002

No Description Available

 

 

Occupational Safety and Health Act (738/2002 as amended)

Details provisions for licensing/registration of facilities/persons handling biological materials

 

 

Penal Code of Finland, 39/1889, (Amended 18 October 2002 with regard to terrorism and biological weapons), Chapter 34a on

Contains provisions on offences committed with terrorist intent, preparation of such offences, directing a terrorist group, facilitation of the activities of a terrorist group, and financing of terrorism.  It criminalizes also any terrorist activity or preparation of terrorist acts that may involved biological weapons or toxins.  It imposes criminal liability also to persons involved in a hoax or preparation of the

 

 

Decree of the Ministry of Transport and Communications on Transport of Dangerous Goods by Road No. 277, 2002

No Description Available

 

 

Act 581/2003 amending the Act on the Control of Export of Dual-Use Goods

No Description Available

 

 

Act on Protecting Plant Health (702/2003)

Details provisions for licensing/registration of facilities/persons handling biological materials

 

 

Penal Code Amendment Act, 2003

Incorporates specific penal provisions concerning terrorism and biological weapons into the penal code.

 

 

EC Regulation 1504/2004

Includes exceptions from licensing and inclusions of technoligies

 

 

Regulation 394/2006

Excpetions from licensing provisions

 

 

France

Customs Code

Article 414 and 429 detail penalties for breaching export control measures

 

 

Defense Code

Prohibits the manufacture, production, acquisition, possession, stockpiling, storing, development, transport, transfer and use of biological weapons

 

 

Public Health Code

Prohibits the manufacture, production, acquisition, possession, stockpiling, storing, development, transport, transfer and use of biological weapons

 

 

Penal Code of France Article 421-1

Classifies the designing, production, keeping, stocking, purchase or sale of biological or toxin-based weapons an act of terrorism whether it is committed intentionally in connection with an individual or collective undertaking the purpose of which is seriously to disturb the public order through intimidation or terror.

http://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/html/codes_traduits/code_penal_textan.htm#http://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/html/codes_traduits/code_penal_textan.htm#

 

Penal Code of France Article 715

Makes some corrections on Article 421 and restates that “the offences referred to under articles 1 and 4 of the Act No. 72-467 of 9th June 1972 forbidding the designing, production, possession, stocking, purchase or sale of biological or toxin-based weapons.”

http://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/html/codes_traduits/code_penal_textan.htm#http://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/html/codes_traduits/code_penal_textan.htm#

 

Penal Code of France, Article 221-5

Making an attack against the life of another by the use or administration of substances liable to cause death constitutes poisoning.  Poisoning is punished by 30 years criminal imprisonment.  It is punished by criminal imprisonment for life where it is committed in one of circumstances provided for by articles 221-2, 221-3 and 221-4.

 

 

Penal Code of France Article 421-3

Provides the imprisonment time and fine to be paid related to the violation.

http://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/html/codes_traduits/code_penal_textan.htm#http://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/html/codes_traduits/code_penal_textan.htm#

 

Decree-Act of 18 April 1939

Relates to means of delivery, export controls and licensing provisions

 

 

Act No. 72-467, 9 June 1972

Prohibits the “development, manufacture, possession, stockpiling, acquisition and transfer of biological or toxin-based weapons,” and stipulates criminal prosecution for anyone who violates it.

 

 

Decree No. 84-1041, 16 November 1984

No Description Available

 

 

Circular on the suspension of the obligation to be vaccinated against smallpox, 13 June 1984

No Description Available

 

 

Decree No. 87-848, 19 October 1987

Implements Article 464 of the Penal Code and paragraph 3 of Article 276 of the Rural Code relative to animal experiments.

 

 

Order of 19 April 1988

Sets out conditions for the provision to accredited laboratories of animals used for purposes of experimental and scientific research, setting out conditions for issuing authorizations to conduct animal experiments and setting out conditions for accreditation, fitting-out and operation of animal experimentation facilities.

 

 

Order in council relating to the procedure for importation and exportation of war material, arms and munitions, and analogous

States that the Minister of the Budget (general directorate for customs and excise) can deliver an exceptional derogation from the prohibition to import upon favourable advice from the Ministers of Foreign Affairs, of Defence, and of the Interior, each insofar as it concerns them.However, in the following cases, the Minister can directly deliver exceptional authorisation to the prohibition to import:-weapons and munitions of the first and fourth categories imported by persons, physical or moral, upon presentation of the authorisation provided for at Article 15 of decree-law of 18 April 1939;-weapons and munitions of the fifth category;-weapons of the sixth category.The importation of material, arms, and munitions destined to the Minister of Defence are the object of import authorisations delivered upon simple request and addressed to the Minister of the Budget (general directorate for customs and excise).

http://projects.sipri.se/expcon/natexpcon/France/fraord.htm#http://projects.sipri.se/expcon/natexpcon/France/fraord.htm#

 

Notice to the exporters of biological products, equipment and technology referring to the prohibition of export of those that are submitted

No Description Available

 

 

Order establishing the list of dangerous work categories requiring a written safety policy, 19 March 1993

Lists 21 occupational categories for which French legislation prescribes a written safety policy including exposure to pathogenic organisms among others.

 

 

Principles and guidelines of the official Genetic Commission, 1993

No Description Available

 

 

Order on health and safety signs at work, 4 November 1993

No Description Available

 

 

Decree No. 94-352 relating to the protection of workers against risks resulting from their exposure to biological agents and amending the

Provides general rules for the evaluation and prevention of biological hazards (in particular: provision of workers with equipment adapted to the risk; introduction of collective and personal protection measures; implementation of hygiene measures designed to eliminate or reduce the risk of propagation of infection; etc.); training and information; measures for special activities (those involving contact with patients, or with live or dead animals, in hospitals, laboratories etc.); medical supervision of workers potentially exposed to biological agents.

 

 

Order on establishment of a list of pathogenic biological agents, 18 July 1994 (Amended 17 April 1997, 30 June 1998)

Establishes a list of pathogenic biological agents.

 

 

Notice to the exporters of biological products, equipment and technology referring to the prohibition of export of those that are submitted

No Description Available

 

 

Decree No.95-613 on the export controls of the dual-use goods, 5 May 1995

Outlines export controls on the export of such items in connection with anti-chemical and biological and anti-proliferation efforts.  :

 

 

Ordinance on the export controls to third countries and transfers to European Community countries of the dual-use goods, 5 May 1995

No Description Available

 

 

Decree No. 95-589 of 6 May 1995

Details export controls for brokering, trading in, negotiating, otherwise assisting in sale of goods and technology

 

 

Ordinance on the export controls of the dual-use goods to battle against chemical and biological proliferation, 5 May 1995

No Description Available

 

 

Order concerning the list of dangerous work categories in the extractive industries requiring a written safety policy, 14 March 1996

Addresses biological hazards; carcinogens; dangerous work; explosion prevention; harmful substances; ionizing radiation; law; lifting equipment; mining and quarrying; mining industry; safety planning; toxic substances; underground work; winches.

 

 

Order establishing the technical preventive measures to be introduced in industry and research and teaching laboratories where workers

Applies to the protection of workers exposed to biological hazards classified into groups 2,3 and 4 in industry, agriculture and research and teaching laboratories. In annexes: tables outlining the minimum technical and confinement measures to be introduced, depending on the nature of the establishment (laboratory, industrial or agricultural site).

 

 

Decree No. 97-1048 on the elimination of waster from health care activities posing infective and similar risks and of anatomical

No Description Available

 

 

Order on the list of biological agents,17 April 1997

Amends the Order of 14 July 1994, which established a list of biological agents.

 

 

Order on the choice of channels for the elimination of waste from health care activities posing infective and similar risks and of

No Description Available

 

 

Order on the modalities for storing waste from health care activities posing infective and similar risks and anatomical specimens, 7

No Description Available

 

 

EC Regulation 1334/2000

Includes export controm provisions,  licensing provisions and the control lists

 

 

Law No. 2001-398 creating a French Agency for Environmental Health and Safety with the aim of ensuring the protection of human

No Description Available

 

 

Order on the issuance of a delivery verification certificate for imports of dual-use goods and technologies, 13 December 2001

No Description Available

 

 

Order on the control of exports to third countries and on the transfer of dual-use goods and technologies to European Union Member

No Description Available

 

 

Order on the import, export,  fraudulent use or acquisition, transport of certain agents responsible for infectious diseases and pathogenic

Prevents the fraudulent use or acquisition of dangerous pathogens by requiring a special governmental authorization for any use, purchase, holding, distribution, acquisition and transport of pathogens.

http://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/citoyen/jorf_nor.ow?numjo(SANP0123410A#C:\WINNT\Profiles\ntwks40\Desktop\Compilation(Version9).htm#       1,100504,100572,0,,http://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/ci

 

Decree No. 2001-1192 on export and import controls and on the transfer of dual-use goods and technologies, 13 December 2001

No Description Available

 

 

Decree No. 2002-23 of January 2002

Details export controls for brokering, trading in, negotiating, otherwise assisting in sale of goods and technology

 

 

Order on setting out the list of national reference centers for the fight against communicable diseases and of partner laboratories, 26

No Description Available

 

 

EC Regulation 1504/2004

Includes exceptions from licensing and inclusions of technoligies

 

 

Ammendment to Order on the import, export,  fraudulent use or acquisition, transport of certain agents responsible for infectious diseases

Prevents the fraudulent use or acquisition of dangerous pathogens by requiring a special governmental authorization for any use, purchase, holding, distribution, acquisition and transport of pathogens.

 

 

Framework Act on Public Health of 2004

Details relevant import controls

 

 

Decree Number 2010-294

Establishes an interdepartmental commission on dual-use.

 

 

Georgia

Law of Georgia on Guarantees and Promotion of the Activities on Investments

According to Article 9 of the Law, it is prohibited to invest: a) development, production and proliferation of nuclear, bacteriological and chemical weapons; b) creation of testing areas for nuclear, bacteriological and chemical weapons; c) import of nuclear and toxic remains with a view to their burial or disposal.

 

 

Law of Georgia on the Protection of Plants from Malicious Organisms, 12 October 1994

No Description Available

 

 

Law of Georgia on Customs, 27 December 1996

No Description Available

 

 

Decree No. 46 of the President of Georgia, 2 December 1996

Creates “the working group for elaboration of proposals for creating the legislative and technical basis of the system of export control of technologies, radioactive materials and goods of special designation”. The Committee for Foreign Economic Relations, existing within that period of time, was entrusted with its coordination. Later on, from December 1997, the coordination was reassigned to its legal successor, the Ministry of Trade and Foreign Economic Relations

 

 

Law of Georgia on Agricultural Quarantine, 15 May 1997

No Description Available

 

 

Customs Code of Georgia, 14 November 1997

Defines the legislative, economic and organisational basis for the realisation of the Customs policy. It also defines the responsibilities and rights of Customs and other state entities in the process of this realisation.

 

 

Law on Export Control for Armament, Military Techniques, and Dual-Purpose Products, 28 April 1998

Defines "Dual-Use Products" as products which are not intended for use in military purposes but which can be used for the creation of nuclear, chemical, and other types of weapons of mass destruction and their means of delivery. Confers the authority upon the executive bodies, i.e. government, of Georgia to regulate, control and implement the export control, issue licences. Requires export contract for controlled goods and services registered by Ministry of Trade and Foreign Economic Relations. Requires confidentiality of information from Georgian executive bodies and officials authorized to carry out export control.  Subjects to export control under chapter II: disease agents, their genetically altered forms, and fragments of genetic material which can be used for the creation of bacteriological (biological) and toxin weapons, control lists of which are established by international non-proliferation regimes; equipment, materials, and technologies applicable in the creation of missiles, control lists of which are defined by international non-proliferation regimes; other types of products according to the decision of the President of Georgia. Prohibits export to states and end-users suspected of being involved in clandestine WMD programs (‘catch-all’ clause). Renders illegal exports or imports punishable by either criminal and/or civil penalties.

 

 

Decree No. 650 of the President of Georgia, 7 December 1999

Creates the Permanent Interagency Committee for Military-Technical Issues under the National Security Council of Georgia to establish and strengthen state control in the sphere of purchase and sale of weapons, military equipment and ammunition – a rather significant step for practical implementation of relevant decisions.

 

 

Decree No. 424 of the President of Georgia, 4 July 1999

on Certain Measures for Export Control of Dual-Use Materials (Technologies, Equipment, Service) In follow-up to this Decree, the Ministry of Trade and Economic Relations of Georgia elaborated the list of dual-use materials subject to export control and, with due regard for the norms recognized in the international practice and before coming into force of the control lists, established the 15-month transitional period.

 

 

Criminal Code of Georgia, July 1999

Article  217 Punishes by the deprivation of liberty for a period from 5-10 years along with penalty equal up to 100 times the daily salary the transportation of active, poison, radioactive or explosive materials, weapons, arms, war materials, military weapon, nuclear, biological, chemical or other type of weapon of mass destruction or material that can be used for the production of weapon of mass destruction, or strategically important feedstock, that are subject to customs regulation committed by avoidance customs control or by falsification of customs documents or declaration data.

 

 

Decree No. 408 of the President of Georgia, 22 September 2002

on Certain Measures for Settlement of Issues on Export, Re-export and Transit of Dual-Use Materials Subject to Export Control

 

 

Law of Georgia on Public Health, 27 June 2007

No Description Available

 

 

Law of Georgia on Public Health, Law No. 5069

Chapter 5 deals with "ensuring on Owning, Using, Transfer, Transportation and Dismiss of Especially Dangerous Pathogens", "Establishing Unified Lab System for Identifying, Surveillance and Respond on Causative Agents of Especially Dangerous Infections", etc.

 

 

Germany

Customs Administration Act

Delegates enforcement agencies / authorities for export / import control

 

 

Directive 2008/68/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council on the inland transport of dangerous goods

Measures to secure the transport of dangerous materials.

http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2008:260:0013:0059:EN:PDF

 

Directive 2002/59/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing a